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postgraduate thesis: Short-interval monitoring of land use and land cover change using RADARSAT-2 polarimetric SAR images

TitleShort-interval monitoring of land use and land cover change using RADARSAT-2 polarimetric SAR images
Authors
Advisors
Advisor(s):Yeh, AGO
Issue Date2012
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Qi, Z. [齐志新]. (2012). Short-interval monitoring of land use and land cover change using RADARSAT-2 polarimetric SAR images. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5137953
AbstractLand use and land cover (LULC) change information is essential in urban planning and management. With the rapid urbanization in China, many illegal land developments have emerged in some rapidly developing regions and have caused irreversible environmental problems, posing a threat to sustainable urban development. Short-interval monitoring of LULC change therefore is necessary in these regions to control and prevent illegal land developments at an early stage. Conventional optical remote sensing is limited by weather conditions and has difficulties collecting timely data in tropical regions characterized by frequent cloud cover. Radar remote sensing, not affected by clouds, is therefore a potential tool for collecting timely LULC information in these regions. Polarimetric SAR (PolSAR) is more suitable than single-polarization SAR for monitoring LULC change because it can discriminate different types of scattering mechanisms. The overall objective of this study is to conduct short-interval monitoring of LULC change using RADARSAT-2 PolSAR images. Classification methods that achieve high accuracy for PolSAR images are essential in monitoring LULC change. In this study, a new method, based on the integration of polarimetric decomposition, PolSAR interferometry, object-oriented image analysis, and decision tree algorithms, is proposed for LULC classification using RADARSAT-2 PolSAR data. A comparison between the proposed classification method and Wishart supervised classification which is commonly used for the classification of PolSAR data showed that the proposed method can significantly improve LULC classification accuracy. Polarimetric decomposition, PolSAR interferometry, object-oriented image analysis, and decision tree algorithms have been determined to contribute to the improvement achieved by the proposed classification method. Selection of appropriate incidence angle is important in LULC classification using PolSAR images because incidence angle influences the intensity and patterns of radar return. Based on the proposed classification method, the present study further investigates the influence of incidence angle on LULC classification using RADARSAT-2 PolSAR images. LULC classifications using incidence angles of 31.50 and 37.56° were conducted separately. The influence of incidence angle on the classification was investigated by comparing the results of the two independent classifications. The comparison showed that large incidence angle performs much better than small incidence angle in the classification of different vegetation types, whereas small incidence angle outperforms large incidence angle in reducing the confusion between urban/built-up areas and vegetation, that between vegetable and barren land, and that among barren land, water, and lawn. Considering that the detection of urban/built-up areas and barren land is important in monitoring illegal land developments, small incidence angle is more suitable than large incidence angle in monitoring illegal land developments. Change detection methods that achieve high accuracy for PolSAR data are also essential in monitoring LULC change. The current study proposes a new method for LULC change detection using RADARSAT-2 PolSAR images. The proposed change detection method combines change vector analysis (CVA) and post-classification comparison (PCC) to detect LULC changes using object-oriented image analysis. The classification of PolSAR images is based on the proposed classification method. Compared with the PCC based on Wishart supervised classification, the proposed change detection method can achieve much higher accuracy for LULC change detection. Further investigation indicated that CVA, PCC, and object-oriented image analysis all contribute to the higher accuracy achieved by the proposed change detection method. Short-interval monitoring of LULC change was carried out using a time series of RADARSAT-2 PolSAR images. The monitoring was based on monthly LULC change detection using the proposed change detection method and appropriate incidence angle. The influence of environmental factors on short-interval monitoring of LULC change was investigated by analyzing the monthly change detection results. Paddy harvesting and planting, seasonal crop growth, and change in soil moisture and surface roughness were found to exert significant influence on the short-interval monitoring of LULC change. High accuracy can be achieved for short-interval monitoring of construction sites and bulldozed land using RADARSAT-2 PolSAR images. However, paddy harvesting and growth still cause false alarms on the monitoring of these two LULC classes. The study indicated that conducting short-interval monitoring of LULC change using RADARSAT-2 PolSAR images is effective. High accuracy can be achieved for short-interval monitoring of construction sites and bulldozed land using the proposed change detection and classification methods, which can provide important information for the control and prevention of illegal land developments at an early stage.
DegreeDoctor of Philosophy
SubjectLand use - China - Remote sensing
Polarimetric remote sensing
Land cover - China - Remote sensing
Dept/ProgramUrban Planning and Design
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/194623

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.advisorYeh, AGO-
dc.contributor.authorQi, Zhixin-
dc.contributor.author齐志新-
dc.date.accessioned2014-02-14T23:10:57Z-
dc.date.available2014-02-14T23:10:57Z-
dc.date.issued2012-
dc.identifier.citationQi, Z. [齐志新]. (2012). Short-interval monitoring of land use and land cover change using RADARSAT-2 polarimetric SAR images. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5137953-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/194623-
dc.description.abstractLand use and land cover (LULC) change information is essential in urban planning and management. With the rapid urbanization in China, many illegal land developments have emerged in some rapidly developing regions and have caused irreversible environmental problems, posing a threat to sustainable urban development. Short-interval monitoring of LULC change therefore is necessary in these regions to control and prevent illegal land developments at an early stage. Conventional optical remote sensing is limited by weather conditions and has difficulties collecting timely data in tropical regions characterized by frequent cloud cover. Radar remote sensing, not affected by clouds, is therefore a potential tool for collecting timely LULC information in these regions. Polarimetric SAR (PolSAR) is more suitable than single-polarization SAR for monitoring LULC change because it can discriminate different types of scattering mechanisms. The overall objective of this study is to conduct short-interval monitoring of LULC change using RADARSAT-2 PolSAR images. Classification methods that achieve high accuracy for PolSAR images are essential in monitoring LULC change. In this study, a new method, based on the integration of polarimetric decomposition, PolSAR interferometry, object-oriented image analysis, and decision tree algorithms, is proposed for LULC classification using RADARSAT-2 PolSAR data. A comparison between the proposed classification method and Wishart supervised classification which is commonly used for the classification of PolSAR data showed that the proposed method can significantly improve LULC classification accuracy. Polarimetric decomposition, PolSAR interferometry, object-oriented image analysis, and decision tree algorithms have been determined to contribute to the improvement achieved by the proposed classification method. Selection of appropriate incidence angle is important in LULC classification using PolSAR images because incidence angle influences the intensity and patterns of radar return. Based on the proposed classification method, the present study further investigates the influence of incidence angle on LULC classification using RADARSAT-2 PolSAR images. LULC classifications using incidence angles of 31.50 and 37.56° were conducted separately. The influence of incidence angle on the classification was investigated by comparing the results of the two independent classifications. The comparison showed that large incidence angle performs much better than small incidence angle in the classification of different vegetation types, whereas small incidence angle outperforms large incidence angle in reducing the confusion between urban/built-up areas and vegetation, that between vegetable and barren land, and that among barren land, water, and lawn. Considering that the detection of urban/built-up areas and barren land is important in monitoring illegal land developments, small incidence angle is more suitable than large incidence angle in monitoring illegal land developments. Change detection methods that achieve high accuracy for PolSAR data are also essential in monitoring LULC change. The current study proposes a new method for LULC change detection using RADARSAT-2 PolSAR images. The proposed change detection method combines change vector analysis (CVA) and post-classification comparison (PCC) to detect LULC changes using object-oriented image analysis. The classification of PolSAR images is based on the proposed classification method. Compared with the PCC based on Wishart supervised classification, the proposed change detection method can achieve much higher accuracy for LULC change detection. Further investigation indicated that CVA, PCC, and object-oriented image analysis all contribute to the higher accuracy achieved by the proposed change detection method. Short-interval monitoring of LULC change was carried out using a time series of RADARSAT-2 PolSAR images. The monitoring was based on monthly LULC change detection using the proposed change detection method and appropriate incidence angle. The influence of environmental factors on short-interval monitoring of LULC change was investigated by analyzing the monthly change detection results. Paddy harvesting and planting, seasonal crop growth, and change in soil moisture and surface roughness were found to exert significant influence on the short-interval monitoring of LULC change. High accuracy can be achieved for short-interval monitoring of construction sites and bulldozed land using RADARSAT-2 PolSAR images. However, paddy harvesting and growth still cause false alarms on the monitoring of these two LULC classes. The study indicated that conducting short-interval monitoring of LULC change using RADARSAT-2 PolSAR images is effective. High accuracy can be achieved for short-interval monitoring of construction sites and bulldozed land using the proposed change detection and classification methods, which can provide important information for the control and prevention of illegal land developments at an early stage.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.subject.lcshLand use - China - Remote sensing-
dc.subject.lcshPolarimetric remote sensing-
dc.subject.lcshLand cover - China - Remote sensing-
dc.titleShort-interval monitoring of land use and land cover change using RADARSAT-2 polarimetric SAR images-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb5137953-
dc.description.thesisnameDoctor of Philosophy-
dc.description.thesislevelDoctoral-
dc.description.thesisdisciplineUrban Planning and Design-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b5137953-
dc.date.hkucongregation2012-

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