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Presentation: Physiological constraints explain order of Mandarin tone acquisition in 3‐year‐old children

TitlePhysiological constraints explain order of Mandarin tone acquisition in 3‐year‐old children
Authors
Issue Date2011
PublisherAcoustical Society of America. The Journal's web site is located at http://asa.aip.org/jasa.html
Citation
Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 2011, v. 129 n. 4, p. 2626 How to Cite?
AbstractCareful analyzes of childrens’ lexical tones revealed a more protracted developmental course than previously described. This study examined reasons for that late acquisition by performing acoustic analyzes on 289 monosyllabic Mandarin tones that were produced by 13 children and 4 adults and, subsequently, judged by 10 native listeners. Eight acoustic parameters that yielded strong correlations with the judges categorization of the tones were compared among adult correct productions, child correct productions, and child incorrect productions. Results revealed that childrens’ tone 1 (T1, high level) errors involved reduced f0 height and inability to sustain a level f0. Childrens’ tone 2 (T2, rising) errors reached minimum f0 later in the syllable and had either reduced rising or falling f0 slopes. Childrens’ tone 3 (T3, dipping) errors involved reduced syllable length, failing to reach a low f0, and having a much higher mean f0. Childrens’ incorrect tone 4 (T4, falling) productions had reduced negative f0 slopes. Even childrens’ correctly identified T1, T2, and T3 productions were not adultlike. The order of the four tones from the most to the least adultlike was T4, T2, T1, and T3, corresponding to the order of ease of speech motor control for the production of the tones.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/194056
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 1.572
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.938

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorWong, PS-
dc.date.accessioned2014-01-29T04:41:53Z-
dc.date.available2014-01-29T04:41:53Z-
dc.date.issued2011-
dc.identifier.citationJournal of the Acoustical Society of America, 2011, v. 129 n. 4, p. 2626-
dc.identifier.issn0001-4966-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/194056-
dc.description.abstractCareful analyzes of childrens’ lexical tones revealed a more protracted developmental course than previously described. This study examined reasons for that late acquisition by performing acoustic analyzes on 289 monosyllabic Mandarin tones that were produced by 13 children and 4 adults and, subsequently, judged by 10 native listeners. Eight acoustic parameters that yielded strong correlations with the judges categorization of the tones were compared among adult correct productions, child correct productions, and child incorrect productions. Results revealed that childrens’ tone 1 (T1, high level) errors involved reduced f0 height and inability to sustain a level f0. Childrens’ tone 2 (T2, rising) errors reached minimum f0 later in the syllable and had either reduced rising or falling f0 slopes. Childrens’ tone 3 (T3, dipping) errors involved reduced syllable length, failing to reach a low f0, and having a much higher mean f0. Childrens’ incorrect tone 4 (T4, falling) productions had reduced negative f0 slopes. Even childrens’ correctly identified T1, T2, and T3 productions were not adultlike. The order of the four tones from the most to the least adultlike was T4, T2, T1, and T3, corresponding to the order of ease of speech motor control for the production of the tones.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherAcoustical Society of America. The Journal's web site is located at http://asa.aip.org/jasa.html-
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of the Acoustical Society of America-
dc.rightsJournal of the Acoustical Society of America. Copyright © Acoustical Society of America.-
dc.rightsCopyright (2011) Acoustical Society of America. This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and the Acoustical Society of America. The following article appeared in Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 2011, v. 129 n. 4, p. 2626 and may be found at http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.3588732-
dc.titlePhysiological constraints explain order of Mandarin tone acquisition in 3‐year‐old childrenen_US
dc.typePresentationen_US
dc.identifier.emailWong, PS: puisanw@hku.hk-
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1121/1.3588732-
dc.identifier.volume129-
dc.identifier.issue4-
dc.identifier.spage2626-
dc.identifier.epage2626-
dc.publisher.placeUnited States-

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