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postgraduate thesis: The effects of traffic-related air pollution on cognitive functions and behavior in humans : a systematic review

TitleThe effects of traffic-related air pollution on cognitive functions and behavior in humans : a systematic review
Authors
Issue Date2013
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Stone, S. K. [石敏樂]. (2013). The effects of traffic-related air pollution on cognitive functions and behavior in humans : a systematic review. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5098854
AbstractObjective To investigate whether traffic pollutants have any effect on human cognitive functions and behavior by performing a systematic review on existing research studies. Methods Research articles were identified through four databases – CINAHL Plus, Academic Search Premier and MEDLINE via EBSCOhost and Pubmed using the online electronic resources of the libraries of the Hong Kong University. A total of 119 articles from Pubmed and 86 articles from EBSCOhost were identified, and 72 and 64 studies after limits were applied. The studies used a variety of measures to assess the effects of traffic-related air pollution and cognitive functions and behaviors in both children and adults. Results There were 19 articles in total in the systematic review – 13 on children (aged from 1- 17 years) and six on adults (aged from 26 - 83.5 years). Data were employed from nine different countries. Although there were some discrepancies in the results, there was evidence of the effects of traffic-related air pollution on the brain. Conclusions The causal relationship between traffic-related air pollution and cognitive decline cannot be clearly determined. The systematic review however, generated evidence to support the hypothesis that traffic-related air pollution may affect cognitive development in children, increase risks of behavioral disorders in both children and adults, and increase the rate of cognitive decline in older adults. As a result, this systematic review suggests that the research findings have important implications in the development of public health policy and practice.
DegreeMaster of Public Health
SubjectHuman behavior
Air - Pollution - Health aspects
Cognition
Dept/ProgramPublic Health
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/193843

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorStone, Samantha Kate-
dc.contributor.author石敏樂-
dc.date.accessioned2014-01-27T23:10:51Z-
dc.date.available2014-01-27T23:10:51Z-
dc.date.issued2013-
dc.identifier.citationStone, S. K. [石敏樂]. (2013). The effects of traffic-related air pollution on cognitive functions and behavior in humans : a systematic review. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5098854-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/193843-
dc.description.abstractObjective To investigate whether traffic pollutants have any effect on human cognitive functions and behavior by performing a systematic review on existing research studies. Methods Research articles were identified through four databases – CINAHL Plus, Academic Search Premier and MEDLINE via EBSCOhost and Pubmed using the online electronic resources of the libraries of the Hong Kong University. A total of 119 articles from Pubmed and 86 articles from EBSCOhost were identified, and 72 and 64 studies after limits were applied. The studies used a variety of measures to assess the effects of traffic-related air pollution and cognitive functions and behaviors in both children and adults. Results There were 19 articles in total in the systematic review – 13 on children (aged from 1- 17 years) and six on adults (aged from 26 - 83.5 years). Data were employed from nine different countries. Although there were some discrepancies in the results, there was evidence of the effects of traffic-related air pollution on the brain. Conclusions The causal relationship between traffic-related air pollution and cognitive decline cannot be clearly determined. The systematic review however, generated evidence to support the hypothesis that traffic-related air pollution may affect cognitive development in children, increase risks of behavioral disorders in both children and adults, and increase the rate of cognitive decline in older adults. As a result, this systematic review suggests that the research findings have important implications in the development of public health policy and practice.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.subject.lcshHuman behavior-
dc.subject.lcshAir - Pollution - Health aspects-
dc.subject.lcshCognition-
dc.titleThe effects of traffic-related air pollution on cognitive functions and behavior in humans : a systematic review-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb5098854-
dc.description.thesisnameMaster of Public Health-
dc.description.thesislevelMaster-
dc.description.thesisdisciplinePublic Health-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b5098854-
dc.date.hkucongregation2013-

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