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postgraduate thesis: The effectiveness of community care interventions on caregivers of dementia patients : a systematic review

TitleThe effectiveness of community care interventions on caregivers of dementia patients : a systematic review
Authors
Issue Date2013
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Lin, S. [林珊]. (2013). The effectiveness of community care interventions on caregivers of dementia patients : a systematic review. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5098756
AbstractObjective: To synthesis evidence from systematic reviews at international level to explore effective community and home based care interventions for family caregivers (FCGs), which may affect quality of life of persons with dementia (PWDs) and their FCGs in China. Methods: A systematic review of reviews was conducted. Studies were identified through Scopus, PubMed and EBSCO databases. Non-pharmacological interventions targeted on FCGs with outcome domains related to psychological health or quality of life of PWDs and/or their FCGs were within this review scope. Quality of systematic reviews was evaluated by AMSTAR. Quality of primary studies included in the systematic reviews was assessed by their internal and external validity. Results: Three systematic reviews of moderate to high quality with 74 publications were included in this systematic review. Among the primary studies, about 60% were conducted by randomized controlled design, and about 85% were carried out in high-income countries. Results at review level suggested that communication skills training, internet-based care management, coping strategy, individual behavioral management techniques were effective interventions for FCGs of PWDs. In contrast, most of the primary studies reported that community or home based interventions positively affected FCGs and/or PWDs. Those interventions included communication skills training, internet-based care management, supportive therapy, educational intervention, coping strategy, behavioral management techniques; yet the effects yielded statistically insignificant in most of the trials. In particular, significant effects of community care interventions were found in 8 of 69 trials on FCGs’ psychological health, 3 of 4 trials on FCGs’ competence, 0 of 2 trials on FCGs’ quality of life, and 3 of 7 trials on PWDs’ quality of life. Combination of those community care intervention components was observed in most of the trials with significant effects. Conclusion: Communication skills training, internet-based care management, supportive therapy, educational intervention, coping strategy, behavioral management techniques had positive effects on FCGs of PWDs living in the community. The combination among those intervention components and designing intervention model in FCG needs-oriented manner underpinned a potential significant effect. Given distinguished social economic contexts in urban and rural areas, implementation of community care interventions specific to FCGs in China should be handled with cautions and strengthened by policy supports to empower aging at home.
DegreeMaster of Public Health
SubjectDementia - Patients - Home care - China
Dept/ProgramPublic Health
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/193793

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorLin, Shan-
dc.contributor.author林珊-
dc.date.accessioned2014-01-27T23:10:46Z-
dc.date.available2014-01-27T23:10:46Z-
dc.date.issued2013-
dc.identifier.citationLin, S. [林珊]. (2013). The effectiveness of community care interventions on caregivers of dementia patients : a systematic review. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5098756-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/193793-
dc.description.abstractObjective: To synthesis evidence from systematic reviews at international level to explore effective community and home based care interventions for family caregivers (FCGs), which may affect quality of life of persons with dementia (PWDs) and their FCGs in China. Methods: A systematic review of reviews was conducted. Studies were identified through Scopus, PubMed and EBSCO databases. Non-pharmacological interventions targeted on FCGs with outcome domains related to psychological health or quality of life of PWDs and/or their FCGs were within this review scope. Quality of systematic reviews was evaluated by AMSTAR. Quality of primary studies included in the systematic reviews was assessed by their internal and external validity. Results: Three systematic reviews of moderate to high quality with 74 publications were included in this systematic review. Among the primary studies, about 60% were conducted by randomized controlled design, and about 85% were carried out in high-income countries. Results at review level suggested that communication skills training, internet-based care management, coping strategy, individual behavioral management techniques were effective interventions for FCGs of PWDs. In contrast, most of the primary studies reported that community or home based interventions positively affected FCGs and/or PWDs. Those interventions included communication skills training, internet-based care management, supportive therapy, educational intervention, coping strategy, behavioral management techniques; yet the effects yielded statistically insignificant in most of the trials. In particular, significant effects of community care interventions were found in 8 of 69 trials on FCGs’ psychological health, 3 of 4 trials on FCGs’ competence, 0 of 2 trials on FCGs’ quality of life, and 3 of 7 trials on PWDs’ quality of life. Combination of those community care intervention components was observed in most of the trials with significant effects. Conclusion: Communication skills training, internet-based care management, supportive therapy, educational intervention, coping strategy, behavioral management techniques had positive effects on FCGs of PWDs living in the community. The combination among those intervention components and designing intervention model in FCG needs-oriented manner underpinned a potential significant effect. Given distinguished social economic contexts in urban and rural areas, implementation of community care interventions specific to FCGs in China should be handled with cautions and strengthened by policy supports to empower aging at home.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.subject.lcshDementia - Patients - Home care - China-
dc.titleThe effectiveness of community care interventions on caregivers of dementia patients : a systematic review-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb5098756-
dc.description.thesisnameMaster of Public Health-
dc.description.thesislevelMaster-
dc.description.thesisdisciplinePublic Health-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b5098756-
dc.date.hkucongregation2013-

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