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postgraduate thesis: Expression of FOXP1 in breast cancer

TitleExpression of FOXP1 in breast cancer
Authors
Issue Date2013
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Tse, Y. B. [謝宛余]. (2013). Expression of FOXP1 in breast cancer. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5091489
AbstractObjectives: Forkhead box protein P1 (FOXP1) is a transcription factor, and a member of the P-subfamily of forkhead box transcription factor and regulate transcription of a subset of genes that involved in various cellular events. It plays a critical role in regulating cell growth and proliferation, differentiation, embryogenesis, adult tissue homeostasis, and possibly tumorigenesis. Predominant nuclear localisation of FOXP1 protein is commonly expressed at low level in normal tissues and upregulated in proliferative cells. Studies have demonstrated that the loss of FOXP1 expression and cytoplasmic mis-localisation is significantly associated with various malignant cancers, including breast cancer. FOXP1 can act either as a tumor suppressor or as an oncogenic protein in cell-type specific functions. It has been shown to be a co-regulator of estrogen receptor alpha and can modify a specific subset of forkhead box transcription factor class O (FOXO)-target genes. We hypothesise that there is association between FOXP1 expression and patient survival, and explore the potential role of FOXP1 expression as a prognostic marker in breast cancer. Methods: One hundred and twenty breast cancer samples in tissue microarray blocks were examined for FOXP1 expression by immuno-histochemistry. Nuclear and cytoplasmic FOXP1 expression patterns were analysed with clinico-pathological parameters. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS software to determine the correlation between FOXP1 expression and clinico-pathological parameters. The correlation between subcellular FOXP1 expression and survival was evaluated by COX regression analysis. Results: Nuclear or cytoplasmic FOXP1 expression showed no association with clinico-pathological parameters. However, our results showed that there was significant association with estrogen receptor and progesterone receptor when nuclear and cytoplasmic scores were combined as total FOXP1 score (p=0.022 and p=0.028 respectively). In univariate analysis, high nuclear and cytoplasmic FOXP1 expression had no significant correlation with poor survival, while high total FOXP1 expression was associated with poor overall and disease-specific survival (p=0.045). Tumor stage and lymph-node involvement were significantly related to poorer overall and disease-specific survival, while other clinico-pathological parameters did not. In breast cancer with advanced tumor grade and lymph-node involvement, overall and disease-specific survival are significantly associated with high FOXP1 expression (p=0.041 and p=0.015 respectively). Conclusion: Unlike previous reports, our findings show that increased nuclear and cytoplasmic FOXP1 expression were both observed and high total FOXP1 expression was associated with poorer survival, particularly in cases of advance tumor grade and with lymph node metastases. These finding are supported by a recent report that showed that FOXP1 can up-regulate its own expression by binding to the promoter of FOXP1 and promote cell survival of breast cancer cells by suppressing FOXO-induced apoptosis. It may be possible that FOXP1 expression is up-regulated in a positive feedback loop in breast cancer cells such that there is both increased nuclear transcriptional activity and cytoplasm localisation of FOXP1. Further investigation is necessary to understand the role of FOXP1 in the progression of breast cancer and determine its potential use as a prognostic marker.
DegreeMaster of Medical Sciences
SubjectTranscription factors
Breast - Cancer
Dept/ProgramPathology
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/193527
HKU Library Item IDb5091489

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorTse, Yuen-yu, Belinda-
dc.contributor.author謝宛余-
dc.date.accessioned2014-01-13T23:10:33Z-
dc.date.available2014-01-13T23:10:33Z-
dc.date.issued2013-
dc.identifier.citationTse, Y. B. [謝宛余]. (2013). Expression of FOXP1 in breast cancer. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5091489-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/193527-
dc.description.abstractObjectives: Forkhead box protein P1 (FOXP1) is a transcription factor, and a member of the P-subfamily of forkhead box transcription factor and regulate transcription of a subset of genes that involved in various cellular events. It plays a critical role in regulating cell growth and proliferation, differentiation, embryogenesis, adult tissue homeostasis, and possibly tumorigenesis. Predominant nuclear localisation of FOXP1 protein is commonly expressed at low level in normal tissues and upregulated in proliferative cells. Studies have demonstrated that the loss of FOXP1 expression and cytoplasmic mis-localisation is significantly associated with various malignant cancers, including breast cancer. FOXP1 can act either as a tumor suppressor or as an oncogenic protein in cell-type specific functions. It has been shown to be a co-regulator of estrogen receptor alpha and can modify a specific subset of forkhead box transcription factor class O (FOXO)-target genes. We hypothesise that there is association between FOXP1 expression and patient survival, and explore the potential role of FOXP1 expression as a prognostic marker in breast cancer. Methods: One hundred and twenty breast cancer samples in tissue microarray blocks were examined for FOXP1 expression by immuno-histochemistry. Nuclear and cytoplasmic FOXP1 expression patterns were analysed with clinico-pathological parameters. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS software to determine the correlation between FOXP1 expression and clinico-pathological parameters. The correlation between subcellular FOXP1 expression and survival was evaluated by COX regression analysis. Results: Nuclear or cytoplasmic FOXP1 expression showed no association with clinico-pathological parameters. However, our results showed that there was significant association with estrogen receptor and progesterone receptor when nuclear and cytoplasmic scores were combined as total FOXP1 score (p=0.022 and p=0.028 respectively). In univariate analysis, high nuclear and cytoplasmic FOXP1 expression had no significant correlation with poor survival, while high total FOXP1 expression was associated with poor overall and disease-specific survival (p=0.045). Tumor stage and lymph-node involvement were significantly related to poorer overall and disease-specific survival, while other clinico-pathological parameters did not. In breast cancer with advanced tumor grade and lymph-node involvement, overall and disease-specific survival are significantly associated with high FOXP1 expression (p=0.041 and p=0.015 respectively). Conclusion: Unlike previous reports, our findings show that increased nuclear and cytoplasmic FOXP1 expression were both observed and high total FOXP1 expression was associated with poorer survival, particularly in cases of advance tumor grade and with lymph node metastases. These finding are supported by a recent report that showed that FOXP1 can up-regulate its own expression by binding to the promoter of FOXP1 and promote cell survival of breast cancer cells by suppressing FOXO-induced apoptosis. It may be possible that FOXP1 expression is up-regulated in a positive feedback loop in breast cancer cells such that there is both increased nuclear transcriptional activity and cytoplasm localisation of FOXP1. Further investigation is necessary to understand the role of FOXP1 in the progression of breast cancer and determine its potential use as a prognostic marker.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.subject.lcshTranscription factors-
dc.subject.lcshBreast - Cancer-
dc.titleExpression of FOXP1 in breast cancer-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb5091489-
dc.description.thesisnameMaster of Medical Sciences-
dc.description.thesislevelMaster-
dc.description.thesisdisciplinePathology-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b5091489-
dc.date.hkucongregation2013-

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