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postgraduate thesis: An evidenced-based oral care guideline of intubated patients

TitleAn evidenced-based oral care guideline of intubated patients
Authors
Issue Date2013
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Chui, O. [崔安灡]. (2013). An evidenced-based oral care guideline of intubated patients. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5088312
AbstractVentilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a kind of frequently hospital-acquired infection that increases morbidity and mortality in patients in intensive care units (ICU), which would in turn increase length of ICU stay, cost of hospital stay, and duration of mechanical intubation. Pneumonia appeared within 48 hours before onset of infection in people whose respiration is mechanically supported through endotracheal tube or tracheostomy is ventilator-associated pneumonia. Combating VAP is a major challenge in ICU as almost all ICU patients require mechanical intubation. Development of evidence-based methods to reduce the incidence and prevalence of VAP becomes an important issue in ICU. The objectives of this dissertation are to conduct a thorough search of current evidence on the effectiveness of using different concentration, frequency of application, method of application and amount of chlorhexidine gluconate solution for oral care of adult intubated patients in reducing VAP incidence rate. MEDLINE (OvidSP), CINAHL PLUS (EBSCOhost), PubMed and British Nursing Index were used to conduct electronic search using keywords related to VAP. A total of 99 studies were identified and seven were selected according to inclusion criteria. The quality of the seven selected studies was tested using The Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (2008) tools for randomized controlled trials, and the evidence level coding from Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network was used in grading of recommendations. Six studies were rated as high quality, which oral care using chlorhexidine gluconate solution had shown statistically significant VAP incidence rate reduction or VAP-related parameters improvement. Analysis on the implementation potential, transferability of findings, feasibility of implementation and cost-benefit ratio was conducted and the oral care guideline was beneficial to intubated patients. Implementation plan, communication plan and evaluation plan about oral care guideline application was formulated. The program designed to apply the new oral care guideline would last for one year, which includes communication with stakeholders, publication of the guideline, training of staff and a one month pilot test. The primary outcome was the decrease in VAP incidence rate and the process evaluation outcome were compliance and acceptability of the guideline, satisfaction and knowledge level of staff, and hospital cost reduction. The attainment of primary outcome and process evaluation outcome would be used to evaluate the effectiveness of the program.
DegreeMaster of Nursing
SubjectIntensive care nursing
Artificial respiration
Dept/ProgramNursing Studies
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/193082

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorChui, On-lan-
dc.contributor.author崔安灡-
dc.date.accessioned2013-12-14T10:12:23Z-
dc.date.available2013-12-14T10:12:23Z-
dc.date.issued2013-
dc.identifier.citationChui, O. [崔安灡]. (2013). An evidenced-based oral care guideline of intubated patients. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5088312-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/193082-
dc.description.abstractVentilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a kind of frequently hospital-acquired infection that increases morbidity and mortality in patients in intensive care units (ICU), which would in turn increase length of ICU stay, cost of hospital stay, and duration of mechanical intubation. Pneumonia appeared within 48 hours before onset of infection in people whose respiration is mechanically supported through endotracheal tube or tracheostomy is ventilator-associated pneumonia. Combating VAP is a major challenge in ICU as almost all ICU patients require mechanical intubation. Development of evidence-based methods to reduce the incidence and prevalence of VAP becomes an important issue in ICU. The objectives of this dissertation are to conduct a thorough search of current evidence on the effectiveness of using different concentration, frequency of application, method of application and amount of chlorhexidine gluconate solution for oral care of adult intubated patients in reducing VAP incidence rate. MEDLINE (OvidSP), CINAHL PLUS (EBSCOhost), PubMed and British Nursing Index were used to conduct electronic search using keywords related to VAP. A total of 99 studies were identified and seven were selected according to inclusion criteria. The quality of the seven selected studies was tested using The Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (2008) tools for randomized controlled trials, and the evidence level coding from Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network was used in grading of recommendations. Six studies were rated as high quality, which oral care using chlorhexidine gluconate solution had shown statistically significant VAP incidence rate reduction or VAP-related parameters improvement. Analysis on the implementation potential, transferability of findings, feasibility of implementation and cost-benefit ratio was conducted and the oral care guideline was beneficial to intubated patients. Implementation plan, communication plan and evaluation plan about oral care guideline application was formulated. The program designed to apply the new oral care guideline would last for one year, which includes communication with stakeholders, publication of the guideline, training of staff and a one month pilot test. The primary outcome was the decrease in VAP incidence rate and the process evaluation outcome were compliance and acceptability of the guideline, satisfaction and knowledge level of staff, and hospital cost reduction. The attainment of primary outcome and process evaluation outcome would be used to evaluate the effectiveness of the program.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.subject.lcshIntensive care nursing-
dc.subject.lcshArtificial respiration-
dc.titleAn evidenced-based oral care guideline of intubated patients-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb5088312-
dc.description.thesisnameMaster of Nursing-
dc.description.thesislevelMaster-
dc.description.thesisdisciplineNursing Studies-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b5088312-
dc.date.hkucongregation2013-

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