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postgraduate thesis: Evidence-based guidelines of fall prevention programme for hospitalized older patients

TitleEvidence-based guidelines of fall prevention programme for hospitalized older patients
Authors
Issue Date2013
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Law, M. [羅敏慧]. (2013). Evidence-based guidelines of fall prevention programme for hospitalized older patients. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5088408
AbstractBackground: Falls are one of the most common and serious problems facing the elderly and are known to be associated with significant mortality, morbidity, decreased functioning and premature institutionalization. In Hong Kong, the prevalence of falls among community-dwelling older adults is 19.3%. Moreover, the incidence of falls among older people in institutions is almost three times the fall rates for the community-dwelling elderly. Institutional falls are regarded as common adverse events in hospitalized older patients. Significant mortality, morbidity and healthcare costs associated with institutional falls led institutions to recognize falls as a high-priority safety risk for hospitalized patients. This demonstrated the significance of providing the health care providers with an evidenced-based practice guideline of an effective multifactorial fall prevention programme in order to prevent in-patient falls. Objectives: The objectives of the study are to systematically review and present the best evidence for the effectiveness of multifactorial fall prevention interventions in reducing falls in hospitals, to translate the reviewed evidence and to develop evidence-based practice guidelines for the multifactorial fall prevention programme as well as to develop a plan for implementing and evaluating the multifactorial fall prevention programme. Methods: The relevant literature was searched by several electronic databases. The related literature was then retrieved, reviewed and synthesized. The quality assessment of the studies was performed according to the methodological checklist for controlled trials designed by the Scottish intercollegiate Guideline Network (SIGN). Evidenced-based practice guidelines for the multifactorial fall prevention programme were then synthesized according to the findings of the reviewed literature, while the implementation potential being assessed in terms of transferability, feasibility and the cost-benefit ratio. Results: Five studies were identified according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria set. “Evidence-based guidelines of fall prevention programme for hospitalized older patients” were formulated based on the review of the selected studies. Fourteen recommendations of the evidence-based guidelines are formulated and graded according to the grading system of Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN). The evidence-based recommendations can offer nurses and other health care professionals the standards and strategies required for implementing multifactorial fall risk assessment and multifactorial fall prevention interventions, including environmental modifications, knowledge, medication reviews and exercise. A communication plan for various parties in hospitals including a pilot test for determining the feasibility of the innovation and an evaluation plan to determine the effectiveness of the fall prevention programme were subsequently developed. Conclusion: This study reviewed evidence for the effectiveness of the multifactorial fall prevention programme in reducing the incidence of falls, translated the reviewed evidence and developed evidence-based guidelines for a multifactorial fall prevention programme, which can provide the health care practitioners with an evidence-based approach in fall risk assessment and management so as to prevent in-patient falls.
DegreeMaster of Nursing
SubjectFalls (Accidents) in old age - Prevention
Older people - Hospital care
Dept/ProgramNursing Studies
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/193074

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorLaw, Man-wai-
dc.contributor.author羅敏慧-
dc.date.accessioned2013-12-14T10:12:22Z-
dc.date.available2013-12-14T10:12:22Z-
dc.date.issued2013-
dc.identifier.citationLaw, M. [羅敏慧]. (2013). Evidence-based guidelines of fall prevention programme for hospitalized older patients. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5088408-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/193074-
dc.description.abstractBackground: Falls are one of the most common and serious problems facing the elderly and are known to be associated with significant mortality, morbidity, decreased functioning and premature institutionalization. In Hong Kong, the prevalence of falls among community-dwelling older adults is 19.3%. Moreover, the incidence of falls among older people in institutions is almost three times the fall rates for the community-dwelling elderly. Institutional falls are regarded as common adverse events in hospitalized older patients. Significant mortality, morbidity and healthcare costs associated with institutional falls led institutions to recognize falls as a high-priority safety risk for hospitalized patients. This demonstrated the significance of providing the health care providers with an evidenced-based practice guideline of an effective multifactorial fall prevention programme in order to prevent in-patient falls. Objectives: The objectives of the study are to systematically review and present the best evidence for the effectiveness of multifactorial fall prevention interventions in reducing falls in hospitals, to translate the reviewed evidence and to develop evidence-based practice guidelines for the multifactorial fall prevention programme as well as to develop a plan for implementing and evaluating the multifactorial fall prevention programme. Methods: The relevant literature was searched by several electronic databases. The related literature was then retrieved, reviewed and synthesized. The quality assessment of the studies was performed according to the methodological checklist for controlled trials designed by the Scottish intercollegiate Guideline Network (SIGN). Evidenced-based practice guidelines for the multifactorial fall prevention programme were then synthesized according to the findings of the reviewed literature, while the implementation potential being assessed in terms of transferability, feasibility and the cost-benefit ratio. Results: Five studies were identified according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria set. “Evidence-based guidelines of fall prevention programme for hospitalized older patients” were formulated based on the review of the selected studies. Fourteen recommendations of the evidence-based guidelines are formulated and graded according to the grading system of Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN). The evidence-based recommendations can offer nurses and other health care professionals the standards and strategies required for implementing multifactorial fall risk assessment and multifactorial fall prevention interventions, including environmental modifications, knowledge, medication reviews and exercise. A communication plan for various parties in hospitals including a pilot test for determining the feasibility of the innovation and an evaluation plan to determine the effectiveness of the fall prevention programme were subsequently developed. Conclusion: This study reviewed evidence for the effectiveness of the multifactorial fall prevention programme in reducing the incidence of falls, translated the reviewed evidence and developed evidence-based guidelines for a multifactorial fall prevention programme, which can provide the health care practitioners with an evidence-based approach in fall risk assessment and management so as to prevent in-patient falls.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.subject.lcshFalls (Accidents) in old age - Prevention-
dc.subject.lcshOlder people - Hospital care-
dc.titleEvidence-based guidelines of fall prevention programme for hospitalized older patients-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb5088408-
dc.description.thesisnameMaster of Nursing-
dc.description.thesislevelMaster-
dc.description.thesisdisciplineNursing Studies-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b5088408-
dc.date.hkucongregation2013-

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