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postgraduate thesis: An evidence-based guideline on yoga in reducing pain among adult patients with chronic low back pain

TitleAn evidence-based guideline on yoga in reducing pain among adult patients with chronic low back pain
Authors
Issue Date2013
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Lam, T. [林德]. (2013). An evidence-based guideline on yoga in reducing pain among adult patients with chronic low back pain. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5088369
AbstractLow back pain (LBP) is a common complaint and health problem in Hong Kong, particularly among middle-aged individuals. LBP is the main cause of chronic disability which significantly affects the daily life activities of patients. Pain might result in repeated hospital admissions and subsequently increase the burden on health care providers in Hong Kong. LBP has an enormous effect on quality of life and therefore deserves research attention. Growing evidence shows that yoga may help reduce the level of chronic LBP in adult patients. However, no systematic review has been conducted to support the translation of this theory into practice. Therefore, this thesis aims to evaluate the current evidence on the efficacy of yoga in reducing chronic LBP among adult patients to achieve the following objectives: formulate an evidence-based protocol on yoga practice, assess the implementation potential of the formulated protocol, and develop implementation strategies and evaluation plan for the use of this protocol in a local public hospital in Hong Kong. Five databases were used for the systemic review of relevant studies. These databases were those of Cochrane Library, CINAHL Plus, PudMed, British Nursing Index and Medline (Ovid). A total of eight papers (randomized controlled trials) fulfilled the inclusion criteria of this study. The Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN) was used to extract the data and evaluate the paper quality. The findings of the selected papers indicated that yoga practice has a significant effect on reducing pain among adult patients with chronic LBP. The innovation is proposed to be conducted in an adult orthopedic and traumatoloy (O&T) ward. Evidence-based yoga guideline is developed to guide nurses in the effective implementation of the protocol. The SIGN grading system is chosen to grade the recommendations in the guideline. Adult patients with persistent LBP longer than three months are the target population. All study participants practice specific yoga postures under the supervision of yoga instructors and trained nurses in the outpatient clinic. These patients continue home practice for 30 minutes daily or at least twice a week. Based on the findings of the reviewed literatures and the adaptation of these findings into the proposed innovation, the feasibility of implementing evidence-based yoga guideline in the local clinical setting in Hong Kong is demonstrated. An effective communication plan is developed to gain support from stakeholders and efficiently implement the innovation. A two-month pilot study is designed to test the feasibility of the guideline. Pain level, which is the primary outcome of the study, is measured by using Pain Numerical Pain Scale (NRS). Evaluation will be completed after the pilot test and at the end of the whole programme and refinement of the protocol will be accomplished according if necessary. Protocol effectiveness will be determined by a decrease in back pain level after practicing yoga. Other outcomes include the knowledge and satisfactory level of the staff with regards to the protocol, as well as and the costs and benefits of program implementation.
DegreeMaster of Nursing
SubjectHatha yoga - Therapeutic use
Backache - Exercise therapy
Dept/ProgramNursing Studies
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/193028

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorLam, Tak-
dc.contributor.author林德-
dc.date.accessioned2013-12-14T10:12:16Z-
dc.date.available2013-12-14T10:12:16Z-
dc.date.issued2013-
dc.identifier.citationLam, T. [林德]. (2013). An evidence-based guideline on yoga in reducing pain among adult patients with chronic low back pain. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5088369-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/193028-
dc.description.abstractLow back pain (LBP) is a common complaint and health problem in Hong Kong, particularly among middle-aged individuals. LBP is the main cause of chronic disability which significantly affects the daily life activities of patients. Pain might result in repeated hospital admissions and subsequently increase the burden on health care providers in Hong Kong. LBP has an enormous effect on quality of life and therefore deserves research attention. Growing evidence shows that yoga may help reduce the level of chronic LBP in adult patients. However, no systematic review has been conducted to support the translation of this theory into practice. Therefore, this thesis aims to evaluate the current evidence on the efficacy of yoga in reducing chronic LBP among adult patients to achieve the following objectives: formulate an evidence-based protocol on yoga practice, assess the implementation potential of the formulated protocol, and develop implementation strategies and evaluation plan for the use of this protocol in a local public hospital in Hong Kong. Five databases were used for the systemic review of relevant studies. These databases were those of Cochrane Library, CINAHL Plus, PudMed, British Nursing Index and Medline (Ovid). A total of eight papers (randomized controlled trials) fulfilled the inclusion criteria of this study. The Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN) was used to extract the data and evaluate the paper quality. The findings of the selected papers indicated that yoga practice has a significant effect on reducing pain among adult patients with chronic LBP. The innovation is proposed to be conducted in an adult orthopedic and traumatoloy (O&T) ward. Evidence-based yoga guideline is developed to guide nurses in the effective implementation of the protocol. The SIGN grading system is chosen to grade the recommendations in the guideline. Adult patients with persistent LBP longer than three months are the target population. All study participants practice specific yoga postures under the supervision of yoga instructors and trained nurses in the outpatient clinic. These patients continue home practice for 30 minutes daily or at least twice a week. Based on the findings of the reviewed literatures and the adaptation of these findings into the proposed innovation, the feasibility of implementing evidence-based yoga guideline in the local clinical setting in Hong Kong is demonstrated. An effective communication plan is developed to gain support from stakeholders and efficiently implement the innovation. A two-month pilot study is designed to test the feasibility of the guideline. Pain level, which is the primary outcome of the study, is measured by using Pain Numerical Pain Scale (NRS). Evaluation will be completed after the pilot test and at the end of the whole programme and refinement of the protocol will be accomplished according if necessary. Protocol effectiveness will be determined by a decrease in back pain level after practicing yoga. Other outcomes include the knowledge and satisfactory level of the staff with regards to the protocol, as well as and the costs and benefits of program implementation.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.subject.lcshHatha yoga - Therapeutic use-
dc.subject.lcshBackache - Exercise therapy-
dc.titleAn evidence-based guideline on yoga in reducing pain among adult patients with chronic low back pain-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb5088369-
dc.description.thesisnameMaster of Nursing-
dc.description.thesislevelMaster-
dc.description.thesisdisciplineNursing Studies-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b5088369-
dc.date.hkucongregation2013-

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