File Download
  Links for fulltext
     (May Require Subscription)
Supplementary

postgraduate thesis: Investigation of the regulatory pathways involved in NO- and EDHF-mediated relaxations in porcine coronary arteries

TitleInvestigation of the regulatory pathways involved in NO- and EDHF-mediated relaxations in porcine coronary arteries
Authors
Issue Date2013
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Pu, Q. [浦峤雪]. (2013). Investigation of the regulatory pathways involved in NO- and EDHF-mediated relaxations in porcine coronary arteries. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5071265
AbstractBackground Nitric oxide (NO) and endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF) are both important relaxing factors. Their synthesis, release and downstream signaling pathways are controlled by a number of proteins, such that alteration in the activity of these proteins may disturb vascular tone. Aim This study was aimed to investigate the role of some of the regulatory proteins in NO- and EDHF-mediated relaxations. The regulatory proteins that were examined include: 1) calcium-calmodulin dependent protein kinase II (CaMK II), 2) mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), 3) adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK), 4) phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) / protein kinase B (Akt) and 5) phosphoprotein phosphatase. Experimental approach Organ chamber system was used for measuring isometric tension of porcine coronary arteries. The role of the regulatory proteins was investigated by using their activators or inhibitors. In the contraction study, arterial rings without endothelium were contracted with U46619 (0.1 nM to 10 μM) or phorbol 12,13-dibutyrate (PDBu, 0.1 nM to 1 μM). In the relaxation study, arterial rings with and without endothelium were contracted with U46619 (30 or 100 nM). They were incubated with indomethacin (cyclooxygenase inhibitor, 10 μM) and TRAM-34 plus UCL1684 (intermediate- and small-conductance calcium-activated potassium channel blockers, respectively; 1 μM each) or L-NAME (NO synthase inhibitor, 30 μM) for the study of NO and EDHF components of bradykinin (0.1 nM to 10 μM)-induced relaxations. Moreover, endothelium-independent relaxations by sodium nitroprusside (SNP, exogenous NO donor, 0.1 nM to 100 μM) and diazoxide (ATP-sensitive potassium channel activator, 1 nM to 1 mM) were examined in arteries without endothelium. Key findings 1. NO and EDHF are both involved in endothelium-dependent relaxation in porcine coronary arteries, in which NO is the dominant relaxing factor. 2. KN-93 (CaMK II inhibitor, 30 μM) significantly reduced contractions to U46619 and PDBu. On the other hand, CaMK II partly involved in EDHF signaling but not in the NO-mediated relaxations. 3. Calyculin A (phosphoprotein phosphatase inhibitor, 30 nM) greatly inhibited both endothelium-dependent and –independent relaxations. 4. PD98059 (MAPK inhibitor, 30 μM) significantly potentiated bradykinin-induced relaxation that was mediated by EDHF but not that mediated by NO. On the other hand, it potentiated SNP-induced but not diazoxide-induced endothelium-independent relaxations. 5. AMPK and Akt do not play a role in regulating vascular tone as compound C (AMPK inhibitor, 30 μM), AICAR (AMPK activator, 1 mM) and wortmannin (PI3K inhibitor, 100 nM) did not affect contractions to U46619 and PDBu, and relaxations to bradykinin, SNP and diazoxide in porcine coronary arteries. Conclusions and implications Different regulatory proteins (CaMKII, MAPK, AMPK, Akt, phosphoprotein phosphatase) have different effects on the regulation of vascular tone. While the present study has the limitation of using pharmacological agents at only one concentration to examine the role of these proteins, it still produces scientific information for the development of therapeutic agents. In considering CaMK II, MAPK and phosphoprotein phosphatase as potential therapeutic targets, the vascular effects (which can be therapeutic or adverse) of the compounds acting on these proteins should be taken into account.
DegreeMaster of Medical Sciences
SubjectNitric oxide.
Vascular endothelium.
Coronary arteries.
Dept/ProgramPharmacology and Pharmacy
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/192783

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorPu, Qiaoxue.-
dc.contributor.author浦峤雪.-
dc.date.accessioned2013-11-24T02:00:22Z-
dc.date.available2013-11-24T02:00:22Z-
dc.date.issued2013-
dc.identifier.citationPu, Q. [浦峤雪]. (2013). Investigation of the regulatory pathways involved in NO- and EDHF-mediated relaxations in porcine coronary arteries. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5071265-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/192783-
dc.description.abstractBackground Nitric oxide (NO) and endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF) are both important relaxing factors. Their synthesis, release and downstream signaling pathways are controlled by a number of proteins, such that alteration in the activity of these proteins may disturb vascular tone. Aim This study was aimed to investigate the role of some of the regulatory proteins in NO- and EDHF-mediated relaxations. The regulatory proteins that were examined include: 1) calcium-calmodulin dependent protein kinase II (CaMK II), 2) mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), 3) adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK), 4) phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) / protein kinase B (Akt) and 5) phosphoprotein phosphatase. Experimental approach Organ chamber system was used for measuring isometric tension of porcine coronary arteries. The role of the regulatory proteins was investigated by using their activators or inhibitors. In the contraction study, arterial rings without endothelium were contracted with U46619 (0.1 nM to 10 μM) or phorbol 12,13-dibutyrate (PDBu, 0.1 nM to 1 μM). In the relaxation study, arterial rings with and without endothelium were contracted with U46619 (30 or 100 nM). They were incubated with indomethacin (cyclooxygenase inhibitor, 10 μM) and TRAM-34 plus UCL1684 (intermediate- and small-conductance calcium-activated potassium channel blockers, respectively; 1 μM each) or L-NAME (NO synthase inhibitor, 30 μM) for the study of NO and EDHF components of bradykinin (0.1 nM to 10 μM)-induced relaxations. Moreover, endothelium-independent relaxations by sodium nitroprusside (SNP, exogenous NO donor, 0.1 nM to 100 μM) and diazoxide (ATP-sensitive potassium channel activator, 1 nM to 1 mM) were examined in arteries without endothelium. Key findings 1. NO and EDHF are both involved in endothelium-dependent relaxation in porcine coronary arteries, in which NO is the dominant relaxing factor. 2. KN-93 (CaMK II inhibitor, 30 μM) significantly reduced contractions to U46619 and PDBu. On the other hand, CaMK II partly involved in EDHF signaling but not in the NO-mediated relaxations. 3. Calyculin A (phosphoprotein phosphatase inhibitor, 30 nM) greatly inhibited both endothelium-dependent and –independent relaxations. 4. PD98059 (MAPK inhibitor, 30 μM) significantly potentiated bradykinin-induced relaxation that was mediated by EDHF but not that mediated by NO. On the other hand, it potentiated SNP-induced but not diazoxide-induced endothelium-independent relaxations. 5. AMPK and Akt do not play a role in regulating vascular tone as compound C (AMPK inhibitor, 30 μM), AICAR (AMPK activator, 1 mM) and wortmannin (PI3K inhibitor, 100 nM) did not affect contractions to U46619 and PDBu, and relaxations to bradykinin, SNP and diazoxide in porcine coronary arteries. Conclusions and implications Different regulatory proteins (CaMKII, MAPK, AMPK, Akt, phosphoprotein phosphatase) have different effects on the regulation of vascular tone. While the present study has the limitation of using pharmacological agents at only one concentration to examine the role of these proteins, it still produces scientific information for the development of therapeutic agents. In considering CaMK II, MAPK and phosphoprotein phosphatase as potential therapeutic targets, the vascular effects (which can be therapeutic or adverse) of the compounds acting on these proteins should be taken into account.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.source.urihttp://hub.hku.hk/bib/B50712652-
dc.subject.lcshNitric oxide.-
dc.subject.lcshVascular endothelium.-
dc.subject.lcshCoronary arteries.-
dc.titleInvestigation of the regulatory pathways involved in NO- and EDHF-mediated relaxations in porcine coronary arteries-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb5071265-
dc.description.thesisnameMaster of Medical Sciences-
dc.description.thesislevelMaster-
dc.description.thesisdisciplinePharmacology and Pharmacy-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b5071265-
dc.date.hkucongregation2013-

Export via OAI-PMH Interface in XML Formats


OR


Export to Other Non-XML Formats