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postgraduate thesis: Functional outcomes and long term complications following distraction osteogenesis of the maxilla and mandible: asystematic review

TitleFunctional outcomes and long term complications following distraction osteogenesis of the maxilla and mandible: asystematic review
Authors
Issue Date2013
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Mah, M. C.. (2013). Functional outcomes and long term complications following distraction osteogenesis of the maxilla and mandible : a systematic review. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5063962
AbstractBackground Distraction osteogenesis (DO) was first applied on the human craniofacial skeleton in 1992 by McCarthy et al.1 who performed lengthening of the mandible in patients with hemifacial microsomia and Nager’s syndrome. Further advances in this field have since then led to the widespread use of this modality for the treatment of numerous congenital and acquired craniofacial skeletal anomalies. In 2001, a review by Swennen et al2 concluded that up to year 1999, this form of treatment was gaining intense popularity but that the main drawbacks included insufficient data on long term results and relapse. A systematic review of the last decade on functional outcomes and long term complications following distraction osteogenesis of the facial skeleton is presented. Methods A structured systematic literature search, with predefined inclusion and exclusion criteria from relevant computer databases and journals were performed. The journals were evaluated and critically appraised by 2 reviewers separately in 3 rounds. Papers were categorized according to the level of evidence, the quality of methodology and the specific field of functional outcomes and long term complications. Results were then categorized according to the type of distraction movements, ie maxillary advancement and mandibular lengthening. Results A total of 42 papers comprising of 16 studies for maxillary advancement and 26 studies for mandibular lengthening were included in this review. Maxillary advancement was found to be beneficial in patients with cleft maxillary hypoplasia in terms of achieving aesthetic outcome but the risk for velopharyngeal insufficiency remains uncertain. The achieved maxillary advancement was stable if performed on adult patients while a recurrence of midface retrusion was noted if DO was performed on growing patients. Overcorrection was recommended in these cases to an estimated value of 20-50%. Mandibular lengthening was 99% successful in relieving respiratory obstruction in patients with isolated Pierre Robin Sequence (PRS) or syndromic micrognathic infants preventing the need for tracheostomy in the long term, and in 89% successfully decannulating infants with pre-existing tracheostomy. However, feeding and growth outcomes after airway obstruction was relieved remain unknown due to lack of sufficient evidence. Unilateral mandibular DO was successful in achieving aesthetic symmetrical facial balance in patients with hemifacial microsomia however a total loss of corrected distraction length was noted by the end of growth period if DO was performed during growth. Conclusions DO achieved stable results in terms of lengthening the maxilla and mandible but was also noted to cause restricted growth potential of the distracted bone. Hence, the benefits of performing DO during active growth should be weighed against the likely need for a second surgery due to a growth deficit of distracted bone and future surrounding bone growth. However DO in adults remains an alternative to conventional orthognathic surgery and choice of treatment should be patient centred.
DegreeMaster of Dental Surgery
SubjectMaxilla - Surgery.
Mandible - Surgery.
Bone regeneration.
Dept/ProgramDental Surgery
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/192385

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorMah, Michelle Clare.-
dc.date.accessioned2013-11-03T04:23:49Z-
dc.date.available2013-11-03T04:23:49Z-
dc.date.issued2013-
dc.identifier.citationMah, M. C.. (2013). Functional outcomes and long term complications following distraction osteogenesis of the maxilla and mandible : a systematic review. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5063962-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/192385-
dc.description.abstractBackground Distraction osteogenesis (DO) was first applied on the human craniofacial skeleton in 1992 by McCarthy et al.1 who performed lengthening of the mandible in patients with hemifacial microsomia and Nager’s syndrome. Further advances in this field have since then led to the widespread use of this modality for the treatment of numerous congenital and acquired craniofacial skeletal anomalies. In 2001, a review by Swennen et al2 concluded that up to year 1999, this form of treatment was gaining intense popularity but that the main drawbacks included insufficient data on long term results and relapse. A systematic review of the last decade on functional outcomes and long term complications following distraction osteogenesis of the facial skeleton is presented. Methods A structured systematic literature search, with predefined inclusion and exclusion criteria from relevant computer databases and journals were performed. The journals were evaluated and critically appraised by 2 reviewers separately in 3 rounds. Papers were categorized according to the level of evidence, the quality of methodology and the specific field of functional outcomes and long term complications. Results were then categorized according to the type of distraction movements, ie maxillary advancement and mandibular lengthening. Results A total of 42 papers comprising of 16 studies for maxillary advancement and 26 studies for mandibular lengthening were included in this review. Maxillary advancement was found to be beneficial in patients with cleft maxillary hypoplasia in terms of achieving aesthetic outcome but the risk for velopharyngeal insufficiency remains uncertain. The achieved maxillary advancement was stable if performed on adult patients while a recurrence of midface retrusion was noted if DO was performed on growing patients. Overcorrection was recommended in these cases to an estimated value of 20-50%. Mandibular lengthening was 99% successful in relieving respiratory obstruction in patients with isolated Pierre Robin Sequence (PRS) or syndromic micrognathic infants preventing the need for tracheostomy in the long term, and in 89% successfully decannulating infants with pre-existing tracheostomy. However, feeding and growth outcomes after airway obstruction was relieved remain unknown due to lack of sufficient evidence. Unilateral mandibular DO was successful in achieving aesthetic symmetrical facial balance in patients with hemifacial microsomia however a total loss of corrected distraction length was noted by the end of growth period if DO was performed during growth. Conclusions DO achieved stable results in terms of lengthening the maxilla and mandible but was also noted to cause restricted growth potential of the distracted bone. Hence, the benefits of performing DO during active growth should be weighed against the likely need for a second surgery due to a growth deficit of distracted bone and future surrounding bone growth. However DO in adults remains an alternative to conventional orthognathic surgery and choice of treatment should be patient centred.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.source.urihttp://hub.hku.hk/bib/B50639626-
dc.subject.lcshMaxilla - Surgery.-
dc.subject.lcshMandible - Surgery.-
dc.subject.lcshBone regeneration.-
dc.titleFunctional outcomes and long term complications following distraction osteogenesis of the maxilla and mandible: asystematic review-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb5063962-
dc.description.thesisnameMaster of Dental Surgery-
dc.description.thesislevelMaster-
dc.description.thesisdisciplineDental Surgery-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b5063962-
dc.date.hkucongregation2013-

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