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Conference Paper: Cognitive performance and psychosocial well-being of cancer patients: a preliminary study

TitleCognitive performance and psychosocial well-being of cancer patients: a preliminary study
Authors
Issue Date2012
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons, Inc.. The Journal's web site is located at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1743-7563/issues
Citation
The 39th COSA Annual Scientific Meeting and 14th IPOS World Congress of Psycho-Oncology, Brisbane, Australia, 13–15 November 2012. In Asian-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology, 2012, v. 8 suppl. S3, p. 224, abstract no. 413 How to Cite?
AbstractAIMS: Cognitive impairment, either subjectively or objectively reported, is often associated with cancer and cancer therapies. Causes are attributed to side effects of therapy, fatigue, and mood disturbance. Although subjectively reported cognitive impairment is reported to be related to a patient’s quality of life, past studies have shown self-reported and objective cognitive measures are either weakly or not correlated. Little research is done on how objective cognitive performance correlate with quality of life. This study aimed to answer this question, and explore possible behavioral or psychosocial factors that may affect cognitive performance among cancer patients. METHOD: 94 mixed-type cancer patients completed a computer-based assessment battery based on presentation of playing cards. Two measures of cognitive performance, response time and accuracy of short-term memory recall, were used. The patients also completed questionnaires on quality of life, mood, stress, sleep quality, social support, and physical activity. RESULTS: Cognitive performance, in terms of both response time and recall accuracy, declined with age (r = 0.26 and −0.40 respectively, both ps < 0.01) but did not differ on sex, cancer types, and types of therapies received. After controlling for age, response time was significantly correlated with self-reported quality of life, perceived stress, and depression and anxiety levels (r = −0.23, 0.33, and 0.26 respectively, all ps < 0.01), while no relation was found for recall accuracy. Age-controlled regression analysis of response time showed perceived stress was the only significant association (beta = 0.323, p < 0.01). CONCLUSION: This study is a preliminary attempt to investigate possible linkage between cognitive performance and psychosocial well-being of cancer patients. Despite its limitations as a cross-sectional study, the current findings offer evidence that psychosocial factors may influence cognitive performance in cancer patients, which in turn affects their quality of life.
DescriptionConference Theme: Impact Through Translation: Cancer Research
This journal suppl. is Special Issue: Abstracts of the Joint Meeting of the COSA 39th Annual Scientific Meeting and IPOS 14th World Congress of Psycho–Oncology ... 2012
Poster abstracts
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/191878
ISSN
ISI Accession Number ID

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorChan, THYen_US
dc.contributor.authorWan, AHY-
dc.contributor.authorLeung, PPY-
dc.contributor.authorChan, CLW-
dc.date.accessioned2013-10-15T07:31:06Z-
dc.date.available2013-10-15T07:31:06Z-
dc.date.issued2012en_US
dc.identifier.citationThe 39th COSA Annual Scientific Meeting and 14th IPOS World Congress of Psycho-Oncology, Brisbane, Australia, 13–15 November 2012. In Asian-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology, 2012, v. 8 suppl. S3, p. 224, abstract no. 413en_US
dc.identifier.issn1743-7563 (Online)-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/191878-
dc.descriptionConference Theme: Impact Through Translation: Cancer Research-
dc.descriptionThis journal suppl. is Special Issue: Abstracts of the Joint Meeting of the COSA 39th Annual Scientific Meeting and IPOS 14th World Congress of Psycho–Oncology ... 2012-
dc.descriptionPoster abstracts-
dc.description.abstractAIMS: Cognitive impairment, either subjectively or objectively reported, is often associated with cancer and cancer therapies. Causes are attributed to side effects of therapy, fatigue, and mood disturbance. Although subjectively reported cognitive impairment is reported to be related to a patient’s quality of life, past studies have shown self-reported and objective cognitive measures are either weakly or not correlated. Little research is done on how objective cognitive performance correlate with quality of life. This study aimed to answer this question, and explore possible behavioral or psychosocial factors that may affect cognitive performance among cancer patients. METHOD: 94 mixed-type cancer patients completed a computer-based assessment battery based on presentation of playing cards. Two measures of cognitive performance, response time and accuracy of short-term memory recall, were used. The patients also completed questionnaires on quality of life, mood, stress, sleep quality, social support, and physical activity. RESULTS: Cognitive performance, in terms of both response time and recall accuracy, declined with age (r = 0.26 and −0.40 respectively, both ps < 0.01) but did not differ on sex, cancer types, and types of therapies received. After controlling for age, response time was significantly correlated with self-reported quality of life, perceived stress, and depression and anxiety levels (r = −0.23, 0.33, and 0.26 respectively, all ps < 0.01), while no relation was found for recall accuracy. Age-controlled regression analysis of response time showed perceived stress was the only significant association (beta = 0.323, p < 0.01). CONCLUSION: This study is a preliminary attempt to investigate possible linkage between cognitive performance and psychosocial well-being of cancer patients. Despite its limitations as a cross-sectional study, the current findings offer evidence that psychosocial factors may influence cognitive performance in cancer patients, which in turn affects their quality of life.-
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherJohn Wiley & Sons, Inc.. The Journal's web site is located at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1743-7563/issuesen_US
dc.relation.ispartofAsian-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncologyen_US
dc.rightsAsian-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology. Copyright © John Wiley & Sons, Inc..en_US
dc.titleCognitive performance and psychosocial well-being of cancer patients: a preliminary studyen_US
dc.typeConference_Paperen_US
dc.identifier.emailChan, THY: chanhangyee@hkucc.hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailWan, AHY: awan@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailLeung, PPY: pamelalt@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailChan, CLW: cecichan@hku.hk-
dc.description.naturelink_to_OA_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1111/ajco.12030-
dc.identifier.hkuros213228en_US
dc.identifier.hkuros226639-
dc.identifier.volume8en_US
dc.identifier.issuesuppl. S3en_US
dc.identifier.spage224en_US
dc.identifier.epage224en_US
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000310544400022-

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