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Article: Open Innovation: A Study of Industry-University Collaboration in Environmental R&D in Hong Kong

TitleOpen Innovation: A Study of Industry-University Collaboration in Environmental R&D in Hong Kong
Authors
KeywordsOpen Innovation
Driver
Barrier
Innovation Policy
Industry-University Collaboration
Issue Date2013
PublisherCommon Ground. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.technology-journal.com
Citation
International Journal of Technology, Knowledge and Society, 2013, v. 8 n. 6, p. 83-102 How to Cite?
AbstractInnovation plays a key role in driving industries to gain competitive advantage. Increasingly, open innovation is considered a key driver to help industries accelerate the rate of innovation through exploitation of the free flow of internal and external knowledge and expertise. With the external input of expertise and knowledge, industries can acquire stronger capability for innovation, and achieve better competitiveness than those which rely only on traditional closed innovation approach. Industries, especially small and medium enterprises, are particularly interested in partnering with universities as niche collaborators due to their innovation competence. In face of intensive global competition, university-industry collaboration has been advocated by the government as a form of open innovation to enhance the development and commercialization of niche technologies for the environment. In 2009–2010, Hong Kong ranked third in Global Innovation Index, out of 132 economies surveyed. In terms of university-industry collaboration, Hong Kong ranked twenty-seven. To gain a deeper understanding of what determines industry-university innovation, this study focusses on all cleaner energy and environmental-oriented Innovation-and-Technology (ITF) funded projects that have been approved since the establishment of Hong Kong Innovation and Technology Fund in 1999 and that have involved university-industry collaboration. A total of 145 out of 2,345 ITF funded projects that carry the theme of cleaner energy and environment research and development during 1999–2010 have been selected. Quantitative surveys and qualitative face-to-face interviews have been conducted to identify what drivers and barriers for this group of ITF industries are involved in their engagement in industry-university collaboration, and why these drivers and barriers exist. The result obtained shows that majority of the local industries surveyed and interviewed are eager to collaborate with universities in environmental innovation for competitive advantage, especially for gaining reputations and securing future business opportunities. However, huge obstacles exist for local industries to partner with universities, especially for the SMEs, due to policy and institutional constraints. Innovation policies in support of SME innovation and institutional mechanisms to help SMEs find the right university partners are particularly relevant and critical for promoting open innovation (in the form of university-industry collaboration) in environmental and cleaner energy research among local industries in future.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/189074
ISSN

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorLam, JCKen_US
dc.contributor.authorHills, Pen_US
dc.contributor.authorNg, CKWen_US
dc.date.accessioned2013-09-17T14:24:55Z-
dc.date.available2013-09-17T14:24:55Z-
dc.date.issued2013en_US
dc.identifier.citationInternational Journal of Technology, Knowledge and Society, 2013, v. 8 n. 6, p. 83-102en_US
dc.identifier.issn1832-3669-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/189074-
dc.description.abstractInnovation plays a key role in driving industries to gain competitive advantage. Increasingly, open innovation is considered a key driver to help industries accelerate the rate of innovation through exploitation of the free flow of internal and external knowledge and expertise. With the external input of expertise and knowledge, industries can acquire stronger capability for innovation, and achieve better competitiveness than those which rely only on traditional closed innovation approach. Industries, especially small and medium enterprises, are particularly interested in partnering with universities as niche collaborators due to their innovation competence. In face of intensive global competition, university-industry collaboration has been advocated by the government as a form of open innovation to enhance the development and commercialization of niche technologies for the environment. In 2009–2010, Hong Kong ranked third in Global Innovation Index, out of 132 economies surveyed. In terms of university-industry collaboration, Hong Kong ranked twenty-seven. To gain a deeper understanding of what determines industry-university innovation, this study focusses on all cleaner energy and environmental-oriented Innovation-and-Technology (ITF) funded projects that have been approved since the establishment of Hong Kong Innovation and Technology Fund in 1999 and that have involved university-industry collaboration. A total of 145 out of 2,345 ITF funded projects that carry the theme of cleaner energy and environment research and development during 1999–2010 have been selected. Quantitative surveys and qualitative face-to-face interviews have been conducted to identify what drivers and barriers for this group of ITF industries are involved in their engagement in industry-university collaboration, and why these drivers and barriers exist. The result obtained shows that majority of the local industries surveyed and interviewed are eager to collaborate with universities in environmental innovation for competitive advantage, especially for gaining reputations and securing future business opportunities. However, huge obstacles exist for local industries to partner with universities, especially for the SMEs, due to policy and institutional constraints. Innovation policies in support of SME innovation and institutional mechanisms to help SMEs find the right university partners are particularly relevant and critical for promoting open innovation (in the form of university-industry collaboration) in environmental and cleaner energy research among local industries in future.-
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherCommon Ground. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.technology-journal.com-
dc.relation.ispartofInternational Journal of Technology, Knowledge and Societyen_US
dc.rightsInternational Journal of Technology, Knowledge and Society. Copyright © Common Ground.-
dc.rightsNOTICE: Readers must contact Common Ground for permission to reproduce.-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.subjectOpen Innovation-
dc.subjectDriver-
dc.subjectBarrier-
dc.subjectInnovation Policy-
dc.subjectIndustry-University Collaboration-
dc.titleOpen Innovation: A Study of Industry-University Collaboration in Environmental R&D in Hong Kongen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.emailLam, JCK: h9992013@hkucc.hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.emailHills, P: phills@hkucc.hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authorityLam, JCK=rp00864en_US
dc.identifier.authorityHills, PR=rp00858en_US
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-84888419754-
dc.identifier.hkuros223657en_US
dc.identifier.volume8-
dc.identifier.issue6-
dc.identifier.spage83-
dc.identifier.epage102-
dc.publisher.placeAustralia-

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