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postgraduate thesis: Photoluminescent organoplatinum (II) complexes containing N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) ligands

TitlePhotoluminescent organoplatinum (II) complexes containing N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) ligands
Authors
Issue Date2013
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Li, K. [李凯]. (2013). Photoluminescent organoplatinum (II) complexes containing N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) ligands. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5053391
AbstractThe syntheses, structures, photophysical properties and applications of three types of photoluminescent organoplatinum(II) complexes containing N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) ligands are described. The tetradentate dianionic bis(phenolate-NHC) type ligands provide a superior scaffold for constructing thermally stable and efficient deep-blue phosphorescent Pt(II) complexes with λmax of ~440-460 nm and solid-state emission quantum yields of ~30%. Highly efficient blue OLEDs with CIEx, y of (0.19, 0.21) were fabricated based on these emitters with maximum brightness, peak current efficiency and power efficiency of ~9500 cd m^(-2), 24 cd A^(-1) and 17 lm W^(-1), respectively. Structural modification by extending the π-conjugation of the tetradentate bis(phenolate-NHC) ligand leads to strongly phosphorescent platinum(II) complexes with long-lived emissive electronic states that can be used as a luminescent sensor for oxygen. DFT/TDDFT calculations and time-resolved spectroscopic characterizations were performed to gain insight into the structure-photophysics correlation. The N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) ligand was incorporated into Pt(II) complexes containing tridentate deprotonated 1,3-bis(2-pyridyl)benzene (N^C^N) type ligand. In addition to the [(N^C^N)Pt(NHC)]PF6 type complexes with (N^C^N) in η3-tridentate coordination mode, Pt(II) complexes with η2-bidentate (N^CN) ligands, namely [(N^CN)Pt(NHC)2]PF6, have been isolated and structurally characterized. The highly phosphorescent [(N^C^N)Pt(NHC)]PF6 complexes were used for solution-processed green OLEDs fabrication. The peak current efficiency of 12.5 cd A^(-1) and maximum brightness higher than 2000 cd m^(-2) were achieved. The presence of the pendent pyridyl motif causes quenching of emission of the [(N^CN)Pt(NHC)2]PF6 complexes in solution at room temperature. Turning on solid-state emission of [(N^CN)Pt(nBu2Im)2]PF6 in the presence of an acidic vapor revealed its potential as a luminescent chemosensor. A class of dicationic platinum(II) terpyridyl complexes containing NHC ligand, namely [Pt(tpy)(NHC)](PF6)2, has been synthesized and structurally characterized. Even in the presence of the strong σ-donating NHC ligand, these complexes are non- or weakly emissive in solution at room temperature. However, this class of complexes displays intense emissions in solid state (298 K and 77 K), in glassy solution (77 K butyronitrile) and in PMMA (2 wt.%, 298 K). The ligand (terpyridine) displacement reaction arising from CN attack onto the Pt(II) center has been observed for [Pt(tpy)(nBu2Im)](PF6)2 leading to its application as a chemodosimeter for selective cyanide sensing in aqueous solution.
DegreeDoctor of Philosophy
SubjectOrganoplatinum compounds.
Photochemistry.
Dept/ProgramChemistry
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/188272

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorLi, Kai-
dc.contributor.author李凯-
dc.date.accessioned2013-08-27T08:03:03Z-
dc.date.available2013-08-27T08:03:03Z-
dc.date.issued2013-
dc.identifier.citationLi, K. [李凯]. (2013). Photoluminescent organoplatinum (II) complexes containing N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) ligands. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5053391-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/188272-
dc.description.abstractThe syntheses, structures, photophysical properties and applications of three types of photoluminescent organoplatinum(II) complexes containing N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) ligands are described. The tetradentate dianionic bis(phenolate-NHC) type ligands provide a superior scaffold for constructing thermally stable and efficient deep-blue phosphorescent Pt(II) complexes with λmax of ~440-460 nm and solid-state emission quantum yields of ~30%. Highly efficient blue OLEDs with CIEx, y of (0.19, 0.21) were fabricated based on these emitters with maximum brightness, peak current efficiency and power efficiency of ~9500 cd m^(-2), 24 cd A^(-1) and 17 lm W^(-1), respectively. Structural modification by extending the π-conjugation of the tetradentate bis(phenolate-NHC) ligand leads to strongly phosphorescent platinum(II) complexes with long-lived emissive electronic states that can be used as a luminescent sensor for oxygen. DFT/TDDFT calculations and time-resolved spectroscopic characterizations were performed to gain insight into the structure-photophysics correlation. The N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) ligand was incorporated into Pt(II) complexes containing tridentate deprotonated 1,3-bis(2-pyridyl)benzene (N^C^N) type ligand. In addition to the [(N^C^N)Pt(NHC)]PF6 type complexes with (N^C^N) in η3-tridentate coordination mode, Pt(II) complexes with η2-bidentate (N^CN) ligands, namely [(N^CN)Pt(NHC)2]PF6, have been isolated and structurally characterized. The highly phosphorescent [(N^C^N)Pt(NHC)]PF6 complexes were used for solution-processed green OLEDs fabrication. The peak current efficiency of 12.5 cd A^(-1) and maximum brightness higher than 2000 cd m^(-2) were achieved. The presence of the pendent pyridyl motif causes quenching of emission of the [(N^CN)Pt(NHC)2]PF6 complexes in solution at room temperature. Turning on solid-state emission of [(N^CN)Pt(nBu2Im)2]PF6 in the presence of an acidic vapor revealed its potential as a luminescent chemosensor. A class of dicationic platinum(II) terpyridyl complexes containing NHC ligand, namely [Pt(tpy)(NHC)](PF6)2, has been synthesized and structurally characterized. Even in the presence of the strong σ-donating NHC ligand, these complexes are non- or weakly emissive in solution at room temperature. However, this class of complexes displays intense emissions in solid state (298 K and 77 K), in glassy solution (77 K butyronitrile) and in PMMA (2 wt.%, 298 K). The ligand (terpyridine) displacement reaction arising from CN attack onto the Pt(II) center has been observed for [Pt(tpy)(nBu2Im)](PF6)2 leading to its application as a chemodosimeter for selective cyanide sensing in aqueous solution.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.source.urihttp://hub.hku.hk/bib/B50533915-
dc.subject.lcshOrganoplatinum compounds.-
dc.subject.lcshPhotochemistry.-
dc.titlePhotoluminescent organoplatinum (II) complexes containing N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) ligands-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb5053391-
dc.description.thesisnameDoctor of Philosophy-
dc.description.thesislevelDoctoral-
dc.description.thesisdisciplineChemistry-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b5053391-
dc.date.hkucongregation2013-

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