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Conference Paper: Soldiers, state, and constitution in post-Junta Myanmar: back to Praetorianism

TitleSoldiers, state, and constitution in post-Junta Myanmar: back to Praetorianism
Authors
Issue Date2013
PublisherUniversity of Lisbon.
Citation
The 7th EuroSEAS Conference, Lisbon, Portugal, 2-5 July 2013. In Conference Programme & Abstracts, 2013, p. 150 How to Cite?
AbstractThis paper explores the evolving political role of the Myanmar armed forces since the adoption of the 2008 Constitution and the subsequent military/civil transition engaged in 2011. It moves beyond transition and democratization studies and rediscovers theories of the “praetorian state” to apply them to the post-junta constitutional politics in Myanmar. Armed forces in transitional polities, the literature on praetorianism informs us, still aim to keep an eye on policymaking – mostly thanks to military-sanctioned Constitutions or through more subtle ways of political, social and corporate intervention. This paper therefore demonstrates how the Myanmar army still enjoys in a post-SPDC context the legal instruments, networks and political leverage to intrude as a “praetorian ruler” into state affairs, notably through the provisions of the 2008 Constitution. It argues that, instead of a direct military rule (as observed until 2011), “praetorian” practices will be rediscovered in the 2010s thanks to the constitutional prerogatives the Myanmar military institution has secured after a decade-long Constitution-drafting process. Indeed, whilst keeping vested interests in the newly formed post-junta and civilian-led executive and legislative powers, the Myanmar army seems however willing to now stay away from day-to-day politics. Gradually tolerating a greater policy role for civilians, it will nonetheless continue to shape, through various types of praetorian interventions, Myanmar’s foreign and domestic policies, as well as influence future reforms.
DescriptionSession 3: Military & Constitutional Politics in Sea - Slot 4
The Conference program & abstracts' website is located at http://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&frm=1&source=web&cd=4&ved=0CEoQFjAD&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.euroseas.org%2Fplatform%2Ffiles%2Ffile%2FProceedings.pdf&ei=2xfOUuOCJ9GXiAeRl4DYCQ&usg=AFQjCNFMK7mKfnD7lGQTpv2ob5LHLik2rw&bvm=bv.59026428,d.aGc
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/188050

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorEgreteau, Ren_US
dc.date.accessioned2013-08-21T07:27:26Z-
dc.date.available2013-08-21T07:27:26Z-
dc.date.issued2013en_US
dc.identifier.citationThe 7th EuroSEAS Conference, Lisbon, Portugal, 2-5 July 2013. In Conference Programme & Abstracts, 2013, p. 150en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/188050-
dc.descriptionSession 3: Military & Constitutional Politics in Sea - Slot 4-
dc.descriptionThe Conference program & abstracts' website is located at http://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&frm=1&source=web&cd=4&ved=0CEoQFjAD&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.euroseas.org%2Fplatform%2Ffiles%2Ffile%2FProceedings.pdf&ei=2xfOUuOCJ9GXiAeRl4DYCQ&usg=AFQjCNFMK7mKfnD7lGQTpv2ob5LHLik2rw&bvm=bv.59026428,d.aGc-
dc.description.abstractThis paper explores the evolving political role of the Myanmar armed forces since the adoption of the 2008 Constitution and the subsequent military/civil transition engaged in 2011. It moves beyond transition and democratization studies and rediscovers theories of the “praetorian state” to apply them to the post-junta constitutional politics in Myanmar. Armed forces in transitional polities, the literature on praetorianism informs us, still aim to keep an eye on policymaking – mostly thanks to military-sanctioned Constitutions or through more subtle ways of political, social and corporate intervention. This paper therefore demonstrates how the Myanmar army still enjoys in a post-SPDC context the legal instruments, networks and political leverage to intrude as a “praetorian ruler” into state affairs, notably through the provisions of the 2008 Constitution. It argues that, instead of a direct military rule (as observed until 2011), “praetorian” practices will be rediscovered in the 2010s thanks to the constitutional prerogatives the Myanmar military institution has secured after a decade-long Constitution-drafting process. Indeed, whilst keeping vested interests in the newly formed post-junta and civilian-led executive and legislative powers, the Myanmar army seems however willing to now stay away from day-to-day politics. Gradually tolerating a greater policy role for civilians, it will nonetheless continue to shape, through various types of praetorian interventions, Myanmar’s foreign and domestic policies, as well as influence future reforms.-
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherUniversity of Lisbon.-
dc.relation.ispartof7th EuroSEAS Conference Programme & Abstractsen_US
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.titleSoldiers, state, and constitution in post-Junta Myanmar: back to Praetorianismen_US
dc.typeConference_Paperen_US
dc.identifier.emailEgreteau, R: egreteau@hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authorityEgreteau, R=rp00855en_US
dc.description.naturepostprint-
dc.identifier.hkuros217412en_US
dc.identifier.spage150-
dc.identifier.epage150-
dc.publisher.placePortugalen_US

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