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Article: Distinct neural activity associated with focused-attention meditation and loving-kindness meditation

TitleDistinct neural activity associated with focused-attention meditation and loving-kindness meditation
Authors
Issue Date2012
PublisherPublic Library of Science. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.plosone.org/home.action
Citation
PLoS One, 2012, v. 7 n. 8, article no. e40054 How to Cite?
AbstractThis study examined the dissociable neural effects of anapanasati (focused-attention meditation, FAM) and metta (loving-kindness meditation, LKM) on BOLD signals during cognitive (continuous performance test, CPT) and affective (emotion-processing task, EPT, in which participants viewed affective pictures) processing. Twenty-two male Chinese expert meditators (11 FAM experts, 11 LKM experts) and 22 male Chinese novice meditators (11 FAM novices, 11 LKM novices) had their brain activity monitored by a 3T MRI scanner while performing the cognitive and affective tasks in both meditation and baseline states. We examined the interaction between state (meditation vs. baseline) and expertise (expert vs. novice) separately during LKM and FAM, using a conjunction approach to reveal common regions sensitive to the expert meditative state. Additionally, exclusive masking techniques revealed distinct interactions between state and group during LKM and FAM. Specifically, we demonstrated that the practice of FAM was associated with expertise-related behavioral improvements and neural activation differences in attention task performance. However, the effect of state LKM meditation did not carry over to attention task performance. On the other hand, both FAM and LKM practice appeared to affect the neural responses to affective pictures. For viewing sad faces, the regions activated for FAM practitioners were consistent with attention-related processing; whereas responses of LKM experts to sad pictures were more in line with differentiating emotional contagion from compassion/emotional regulation processes. Our findings provide the first report of distinct neural activity associated with forms of meditation during sustained attention and emotion processing.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/187200
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 3.057
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.395
PubMed Central ID
ISI Accession Number ID

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorLee, TMCen_US
dc.contributor.authorLeung, MKen_US
dc.contributor.authorHou, WKen_US
dc.contributor.authorTang, JCYen_US
dc.contributor.authorJing, Yen_US
dc.contributor.authorSo, KFen_US
dc.contributor.authorLee, CFen_US
dc.contributor.authorChan, CCHen_US
dc.date.accessioned2013-08-20T12:33:10Z-
dc.date.available2013-08-20T12:33:10Z-
dc.date.issued2012en_US
dc.identifier.citationPLoS One, 2012, v. 7 n. 8, article no. e40054en_US
dc.identifier.issn1932-6203en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/187200-
dc.description.abstractThis study examined the dissociable neural effects of anapanasati (focused-attention meditation, FAM) and metta (loving-kindness meditation, LKM) on BOLD signals during cognitive (continuous performance test, CPT) and affective (emotion-processing task, EPT, in which participants viewed affective pictures) processing. Twenty-two male Chinese expert meditators (11 FAM experts, 11 LKM experts) and 22 male Chinese novice meditators (11 FAM novices, 11 LKM novices) had their brain activity monitored by a 3T MRI scanner while performing the cognitive and affective tasks in both meditation and baseline states. We examined the interaction between state (meditation vs. baseline) and expertise (expert vs. novice) separately during LKM and FAM, using a conjunction approach to reveal common regions sensitive to the expert meditative state. Additionally, exclusive masking techniques revealed distinct interactions between state and group during LKM and FAM. Specifically, we demonstrated that the practice of FAM was associated with expertise-related behavioral improvements and neural activation differences in attention task performance. However, the effect of state LKM meditation did not carry over to attention task performance. On the other hand, both FAM and LKM practice appeared to affect the neural responses to affective pictures. For viewing sad faces, the regions activated for FAM practitioners were consistent with attention-related processing; whereas responses of LKM experts to sad pictures were more in line with differentiating emotional contagion from compassion/emotional regulation processes. Our findings provide the first report of distinct neural activity associated with forms of meditation during sustained attention and emotion processing.en_US
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherPublic Library of Science. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.plosone.org/home.actionen_US
dc.relation.ispartofPLoS Oneen_US
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.subject.meshAttention - physiologyen_US
dc.subject.meshBrain - physiologyen_US
dc.subject.meshBrain Mapping - methodsen_US
dc.subject.meshCognitionen_US
dc.subject.meshMeditation - methods - psychologyen_US
dc.titleDistinct neural activity associated with focused-attention meditation and loving-kindness meditationen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.emailLee, TMC: tmclee@hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.emailHou, WK: houwk@hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.emailTang, JCY: joeytang@HKUCC.hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.emailJing, Y: jingyin@hkucc.hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.emailSo, KF: hrmaskf@hkucc.hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.emailLee, CF: leecf@hkucc.hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.emailChan, CCH: chetwyn.chan@inet.polyu.edu.hken_US
dc.identifier.authorityLee, TMC=rp00564en_US
dc.identifier.authorityHou, WK=rp01481en_US
dc.identifier.authorityTang, JCY=rp00639en_US
dc.identifier.authorityJing, Y=rp01139en_US
dc.identifier.authoritySo, KF=rp00329en_US
dc.identifier.authorityLee, CF=rp00139en_US
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_versionen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1371/journal.pone.0040054en_US
dc.identifier.pmid22905090en_US
dc.identifier.pmcidPMC3419705en_US
dc.identifier.hkuros218981en_US
dc.identifier.volume7en_US
dc.identifier.issue8, article no. e40054en_US
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000307823600003-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Statesen_US

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