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Article: Taekwondo training speeds up the development of balance and sensory functions in young adolescents

TitleTaekwondo training speeds up the development of balance and sensory functions in young adolescents
Authors
Issue Date2012
PublisherElsevier Australia. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescription.cws_home/707423/description?navopenmenu=-2
Citation
Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 2012, v. 15 n. 1, p. 64-68 How to Cite?
AbstractObjectives: This study aimed (1) to identify the developmental status of balance and sensory functions in young adolescents as compared to adults and, (2) to explore the effect of Taekwondo (TKD) training on the development of balance and sensory systems in young adolescents. Design: Cross-sectional controlled trial. Methods: Sixty-six participants including 42 adolescents (21 TKD practitioners, 21 non-TKD practitioners) and 24 adults were tested. The sway velocity of centre of gravity was recorded during standing on the non-dominant leg on a Smart Equitest ® system. The somatosensory, vestibular and visual ratios were also measured with the machine. Results: Adult participants swayed slower than both TKD and non-TKD adolescent groups during single leg stance with eyes open (p=0.007 and p< 0.001, respectively). The TKD adolescent group, in turn, swayed slower than the non-TKD adolescent group (p< 0.001). Adult participants had better visual ratio than both TKD and non-TKD adolescents (p=0.001 and p< 0.001, respectively) while there was no difference between the TKD and non-TKD adolescents (p=0.164). For the vestibular ratio, there was no significant difference between adult participants and TKD adolescents (p=0.432). Adolescents who did not practice TKD showed significantly lower vestibular ratio than TKD adolescents and adults (p=0.003 and p<0.001, respectively). In addition, there was no significant difference in the somatosensory ratio among the 3 participant groups (p=0.711). Conclusions: Participation in TKD appears to speed up the development of postural control and vestibular function in adolescents. Clinicians might advocate TKD exercise as a therapeutic intervention for young people with balance or vestibular dysfunctions. © 2011 Sports Medicine Australia.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/184219
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 3.756
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.484
ISI Accession Number ID
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorFong, SSMen_US
dc.contributor.authorFu, SNen_US
dc.contributor.authorNg, GYFen_US
dc.date.accessioned2013-06-25T03:02:17Z-
dc.date.available2013-06-25T03:02:17Z-
dc.date.issued2012en_US
dc.identifier.citationJournal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 2012, v. 15 n. 1, p. 64-68en_US
dc.identifier.issn1440-2440en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/184219-
dc.description.abstractObjectives: This study aimed (1) to identify the developmental status of balance and sensory functions in young adolescents as compared to adults and, (2) to explore the effect of Taekwondo (TKD) training on the development of balance and sensory systems in young adolescents. Design: Cross-sectional controlled trial. Methods: Sixty-six participants including 42 adolescents (21 TKD practitioners, 21 non-TKD practitioners) and 24 adults were tested. The sway velocity of centre of gravity was recorded during standing on the non-dominant leg on a Smart Equitest ® system. The somatosensory, vestibular and visual ratios were also measured with the machine. Results: Adult participants swayed slower than both TKD and non-TKD adolescent groups during single leg stance with eyes open (p=0.007 and p< 0.001, respectively). The TKD adolescent group, in turn, swayed slower than the non-TKD adolescent group (p< 0.001). Adult participants had better visual ratio than both TKD and non-TKD adolescents (p=0.001 and p< 0.001, respectively) while there was no difference between the TKD and non-TKD adolescents (p=0.164). For the vestibular ratio, there was no significant difference between adult participants and TKD adolescents (p=0.432). Adolescents who did not practice TKD showed significantly lower vestibular ratio than TKD adolescents and adults (p=0.003 and p<0.001, respectively). In addition, there was no significant difference in the somatosensory ratio among the 3 participant groups (p=0.711). Conclusions: Participation in TKD appears to speed up the development of postural control and vestibular function in adolescents. Clinicians might advocate TKD exercise as a therapeutic intervention for young people with balance or vestibular dysfunctions. © 2011 Sports Medicine Australia.en_US
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherElsevier Australia. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescription.cws_home/707423/description?navopenmenu=-2en_US
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Science and Medicine in Sporten_US
dc.rightsNOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 2012, v. 15 n. 1, p. 64-68. DOI: 10.1016/j.jsams.2011.06.001-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.subject.meshAdolescenten_US
dc.subject.meshChilden_US
dc.subject.meshCross-Sectional Studiesen_US
dc.subject.meshHong Kongen_US
dc.subject.meshHumansen_US
dc.subject.meshMartial Arts - Physiologyen_US
dc.subject.meshPostural Balance - Physiologyen_US
dc.subject.meshPsychomotor Performanceen_US
dc.subject.meshSexual Maturation - Physiologyen_US
dc.subject.meshYoung Adulten_US
dc.titleTaekwondo training speeds up the development of balance and sensory functions in young adolescentsen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.emailFong, SSM: smfong@hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authorityFong, SSM=rp01759en_US
dc.description.naturepostprinten_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.jsams.2011.06.001en_US
dc.identifier.pmid21802359-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-84855186595en_US
dc.identifier.hkuros225209-
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-84855186595&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_US
dc.identifier.volume15en_US
dc.identifier.issue1en_US
dc.identifier.spage64en_US
dc.identifier.epage68en_US
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000299585400012-
dc.publisher.placeAustraliaen_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridFong, SSM=7102255872en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridFu, SN=7402732494en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridNg, GYF=7102563754en_US

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