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Article: Taekwondo training improves sensory organization and balance control in children with developmental coordination disorder: A randomized controlled trial

TitleTaekwondo training improves sensory organization and balance control in children with developmental coordination disorder: A randomized controlled trial
Authors
Issue Date2012
PublisherPergamon. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/redevdis
Citation
Research in Developmental Disabilities, 2012, v. 33 n. 1, p. 85-95 How to Cite?
AbstractChildren with developmental coordination disorder (DCD) have poorer postural control and are more susceptible to falls and injuries than their healthy counterparts. Sports training may improve sensory organization and balance ability in this population. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of three months of Taekwondo (TKD) training on the sensory organization and standing balance of children with DCD. It is a randomized controlled trial. Forty-four children with DCD (mean age: 7.6 ± 1.3 years) and 18 typically developing children (mean age: 7.2 ± 1.0 years) participated in the study. Twenty-one children with DCD were randomly selected to undergo daily TKD training for three months (1. h per day). Twenty-three children with DCD and 18 typically developing children received no training as controls. Sensory organization and standing balance were evaluated using a sensory organization test (SOT) and unilateral stance test (UST), respectively. Repeated measures MANCOVA showed a significant group by time interaction effect. Post hoc analysis demonstrated that improvements in the vestibular ratio (p= 0.003) and UST sway velocity (p= 0.007) were significantly greater in the DCD-TKD group than in the DCD-control group. There was no significant difference in the average vestibular ratio or UST sway velocity between the DCD-TKD and normal-control group after three months of TKD training (p> 0.05). No change was found in the somatosensory ratio after TKD training (p> 0.05). Significant improvements in visual ratios, vestibular ratios, SOT composite scores and UST sway velocities were also observed in the DCD-TKD group after training (p≤ 0.01). Three months of daily TKD training can improve sensory organization and standing balance for children with DCD. Clinicians can suggest TKD as a therapeutic leisure activity for this population. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/184216
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 1.877
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.967
ISI Accession Number ID
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorFong, SSMen_US
dc.contributor.authorTsang, WWNen_US
dc.contributor.authorNg, GYFen_US
dc.date.accessioned2013-06-25T03:02:14Z-
dc.date.available2013-06-25T03:02:14Z-
dc.date.issued2012en_US
dc.identifier.citationResearch in Developmental Disabilities, 2012, v. 33 n. 1, p. 85-95en_US
dc.identifier.issn0891-4222en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/184216-
dc.description.abstractChildren with developmental coordination disorder (DCD) have poorer postural control and are more susceptible to falls and injuries than their healthy counterparts. Sports training may improve sensory organization and balance ability in this population. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of three months of Taekwondo (TKD) training on the sensory organization and standing balance of children with DCD. It is a randomized controlled trial. Forty-four children with DCD (mean age: 7.6 ± 1.3 years) and 18 typically developing children (mean age: 7.2 ± 1.0 years) participated in the study. Twenty-one children with DCD were randomly selected to undergo daily TKD training for three months (1. h per day). Twenty-three children with DCD and 18 typically developing children received no training as controls. Sensory organization and standing balance were evaluated using a sensory organization test (SOT) and unilateral stance test (UST), respectively. Repeated measures MANCOVA showed a significant group by time interaction effect. Post hoc analysis demonstrated that improvements in the vestibular ratio (p= 0.003) and UST sway velocity (p= 0.007) were significantly greater in the DCD-TKD group than in the DCD-control group. There was no significant difference in the average vestibular ratio or UST sway velocity between the DCD-TKD and normal-control group after three months of TKD training (p> 0.05). No change was found in the somatosensory ratio after TKD training (p> 0.05). Significant improvements in visual ratios, vestibular ratios, SOT composite scores and UST sway velocities were also observed in the DCD-TKD group after training (p≤ 0.01). Three months of daily TKD training can improve sensory organization and standing balance for children with DCD. Clinicians can suggest TKD as a therapeutic leisure activity for this population. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.en_US
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherPergamon. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/redevdisen_US
dc.relation.ispartofResearch in Developmental Disabilitiesen_US
dc.rightsNOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Research in Developmental Disabilities. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Research in Developmental Disabilities, 2012, v. 33 n. 1, p. 85-95. DOI: 10.1016/j.ridd.2011.08.023-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.subject.meshChilden_US
dc.subject.meshFemaleen_US
dc.subject.meshHumansen_US
dc.subject.meshMaleen_US
dc.subject.meshMartial Artsen_US
dc.subject.meshMotor Skills Disorders - Physiopathology - Rehabilitationen_US
dc.subject.meshPostural Balanceen_US
dc.subject.meshSingle-Blind Methoden_US
dc.subject.meshSpace Perceptionen_US
dc.titleTaekwondo training improves sensory organization and balance control in children with developmental coordination disorder: A randomized controlled trialen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.emailFong, SSM: smfong@hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authorityFong, SSM=rp01759en_US
dc.description.naturepostprinten_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.ridd.2011.08.023en_US
dc.identifier.pmid22093652-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-80053440531en_US
dc.identifier.hkuros225210-
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-80053440531&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_US
dc.identifier.volume33en_US
dc.identifier.issue1en_US
dc.identifier.spage85en_US
dc.identifier.epage95en_US
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000297661500011-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdomen_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridFong, SSM=7102255872en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridTsang, WWN=24825641200en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridNg, GYF=7102563754en_US

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