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Conference Paper: Hands-on Training in Parental Toothbrushing among Young Children- 2-year Results

TitleHands-on Training in Parental Toothbrushing among Young Children- 2-year Results
Authors
KeywordsBehavioral science
Caries
Children
Clinical trials and Oral hygiene
Issue Date2013
PublisherSage Publications, Inc. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.sagepub.com/journalsProdDesc.nav?prodId=Journal201925
Citation
The 91st General Session & Exhibition of the International Association for Dental Research (IADR), Seattle, Washington, USA, 20-23 March 2013. In Journal of Dental Research, 2013, v. 92 n. Special Issue A: abstract no. 2018 How to Cite?
AbstractObjectives: to investigate the effects of hands-on training in parental toothbrushing in improving children’s oral health behaviors and status. Methods: This study was conducted among young children in Hong Kong. Subjects were recruited from child care centers or parenting education centers and were randomly allocated into one positive control group (Gp1, brief oral health education without hands-on training to parents) and two interventional groups (Gp2- semi-annual reinforced oral health education and hands-on training in parental toothbrushing; Gp3- semi-annual application of fluoride varnish in addition to the intervention provided to Gp2). At baseline and after 2 years, the children were clinically examined and parents were asked to complete questionnaires to collect information on the child’s oral health related behaviors and parents’ knowledge and attitude towards child’s oral health. Results: A total of 450 children aged 8-23 months were recruited at baseline. So far, 205 children were followed for 2 years. The incidences of caries in Gp1 to Gp3 were 10%, 13% and 16%, respectively (P=0.572). Mean Visible Plaque Index scores of Gp1, Gp2, and Gp3 were 20%, 24%, and 18%, respectively (P=0.009). Overall, around 70% of the parents brushed their child’s teeth at least twice a day. The proportions of children with at least twice daily self-toothbrushing in Gp1 to Gp3 were 44%, 49% and 61%, respectively (P=0.120). 55% of parents in Gp1 thought they knew how to brush child’s teeth properly, and this figure increased to 69% and 85% in Gp2 and Gp3, respectively (P=0.001). The parents’ oral health knowledge scores in Gp1 to Gp3 were 4.4, 4.7 and 5.1, respectively (P=0.001). Conclusions: Hands-on parental toothbrushing training can improve parents’ oral health knowledge and self-efficacy on parental toothbrushing. However this may not result in reducing incidence of dental caries among the young children. (Funded by HK Research Grants Council, #HKU771709M)
DescriptionPoster Presentation
Session 257: Caries Clinical Studies II
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/183212
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 4.602
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.714

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorJiang, Men_US
dc.contributor.authorLo, ECMen_US
dc.contributor.authorChu, CHen_US
dc.contributor.authorWong, MCMen_US
dc.date.accessioned2013-05-15T01:48:17Z-
dc.date.available2013-05-15T01:48:17Z-
dc.date.issued2013en_US
dc.identifier.citationThe 91st General Session & Exhibition of the International Association for Dental Research (IADR), Seattle, Washington, USA, 20-23 March 2013. In Journal of Dental Research, 2013, v. 92 n. Special Issue A: abstract no. 2018en_US
dc.identifier.issn0022-0345-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/183212-
dc.descriptionPoster Presentation-
dc.descriptionSession 257: Caries Clinical Studies II-
dc.description.abstractObjectives: to investigate the effects of hands-on training in parental toothbrushing in improving children’s oral health behaviors and status. Methods: This study was conducted among young children in Hong Kong. Subjects were recruited from child care centers or parenting education centers and were randomly allocated into one positive control group (Gp1, brief oral health education without hands-on training to parents) and two interventional groups (Gp2- semi-annual reinforced oral health education and hands-on training in parental toothbrushing; Gp3- semi-annual application of fluoride varnish in addition to the intervention provided to Gp2). At baseline and after 2 years, the children were clinically examined and parents were asked to complete questionnaires to collect information on the child’s oral health related behaviors and parents’ knowledge and attitude towards child’s oral health. Results: A total of 450 children aged 8-23 months were recruited at baseline. So far, 205 children were followed for 2 years. The incidences of caries in Gp1 to Gp3 were 10%, 13% and 16%, respectively (P=0.572). Mean Visible Plaque Index scores of Gp1, Gp2, and Gp3 were 20%, 24%, and 18%, respectively (P=0.009). Overall, around 70% of the parents brushed their child’s teeth at least twice a day. The proportions of children with at least twice daily self-toothbrushing in Gp1 to Gp3 were 44%, 49% and 61%, respectively (P=0.120). 55% of parents in Gp1 thought they knew how to brush child’s teeth properly, and this figure increased to 69% and 85% in Gp2 and Gp3, respectively (P=0.001). The parents’ oral health knowledge scores in Gp1 to Gp3 were 4.4, 4.7 and 5.1, respectively (P=0.001). Conclusions: Hands-on parental toothbrushing training can improve parents’ oral health knowledge and self-efficacy on parental toothbrushing. However this may not result in reducing incidence of dental caries among the young children. (Funded by HK Research Grants Council, #HKU771709M)-
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherSage Publications, Inc. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.sagepub.com/journalsProdDesc.nav?prodId=Journal201925-
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Dental Researchen_US
dc.rightsJournal of Dental Research. Copyright © Sage Publications, Inc.-
dc.subjectBehavioral science-
dc.subjectCaries-
dc.subjectChildren-
dc.subjectClinical trials and Oral hygiene-
dc.titleHands-on Training in Parental Toothbrushing among Young Children- 2-year Resultsen_US
dc.typeConference_Paperen_US
dc.identifier.emailLo, ECM: hrdplcm@hkucc.hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.emailChu, CH: chchu@hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.emailWong, MCM: mcmwong@hkucc.hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authorityLo, ECM=rp00015en_US
dc.identifier.authorityChu, CH=rp00022en_US
dc.identifier.authorityWong, MCM=rp00024en_US
dc.identifier.hkuros214391en_US
dc.identifier.volume92en_US
dc.identifier.issueSpecial Issue A: abstract no. 2018en_US
dc.publisher.placeUnited States-

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