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Conference Paper: Tailor-made Oral Health Education for Pakistani Adults in Hong Kong

TitleTailor-made Oral Health Education for Pakistani Adults in Hong Kong
Authors
KeywordsCaries
Ethnic minorities
Health services research and Periodontal disease
Issue Date2012
PublisherSage Publications, Inc.. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.sagepub.com/journalsProdDesc.nav?prodId=Journal201925
Citation
The Annual Meeting of the International Association for Dental Research (IADR) Southeast Asian Division, Hong Kong, China, 3-4 November 2012. In Journal of Dental Research, 2012, v. 91 n. Special Issue C: abstract no. 169548 How to Cite?
AbstractObjectives: Pakistani is one of the main ethnic minority groups in Hong Kong. This project aimed to investigate the oral health knowledge, attitudes, practice and status of Pakistani adults, deliver tailor-made oral health education programme to this community, and evaluate the effectiveness of this programme. Methods: With the support of four non-governmental organizations (NGO), 108 Pakistani adults (aged 18 years+) were recruited. A questionnaire on their oral health knowledge, attitudes and practice was completed. Their oral hygiene status was assessed using the Visible Plaque Index and Gingival Bleeding Index. Oral health knowledge and skill training were delivered to them using tailor-made materials (pamphlets and video) and customized oral hygiene advice. These materials were designed based on the information collected from a focus group discussion with the target community and consultation with the NGO staff. After 1 month, 53 (49%) participants were re-evaluated. Their tooth status (Decayed, Missing, and Filled Teeth) and periodontal condition (Community Periodontal Index) were also recorded. Results: Poor oral health knowledge (especially on periodontal health) and attitudes were found among the participants. Their need for treatment of caries and periodontal disease was high. No participant had healthy gingiva and 59% had at least one untreated decayed tooth. Their utilization of dental services was scarce. Our oral health education programme has significantly improved their overall knowledge on oral health (p=0.041), especially on periodontal diseases, but not on attitudes (p=0.927). No statistically significant change was found in their toothbrushing habits, despite the slight decrease in number of irregular brushers (11% to 6%; p=0.125). Significant reduction in % surfaces with visible plaque accumulation was observed (37% to 33%, p=0.033). Conclusions: This study revealed unsatisfactory dental awareness and poor oral health status of Pakistani adults. Tailor-made oral health education programmes were useful for oral health promotion in this minority community.
DescriptionSession: Behavioral, Epidemiologic and Health Services Research
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/182087
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 4.602
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.714

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorLee, PCen_US
dc.contributor.authorChan, KLen_US
dc.contributor.authorFung, CHen_US
dc.contributor.authorLi, MTen_US
dc.contributor.authorMa, KNen_US
dc.contributor.authorSo, YTen_US
dc.contributor.authorWong, YSen_US
dc.contributor.authorZhong, Cen_US
dc.contributor.authorWong, MCMen_US
dc.contributor.authorGao, Xen_US
dc.date.accessioned2013-04-17T07:20:50Z-
dc.date.available2013-04-17T07:20:50Z-
dc.date.issued2012en_US
dc.identifier.citationThe Annual Meeting of the International Association for Dental Research (IADR) Southeast Asian Division, Hong Kong, China, 3-4 November 2012. In Journal of Dental Research, 2012, v. 91 n. Special Issue C: abstract no. 169548en_US
dc.identifier.issn0022-0345-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/182087-
dc.descriptionSession: Behavioral, Epidemiologic and Health Services Research-
dc.description.abstractObjectives: Pakistani is one of the main ethnic minority groups in Hong Kong. This project aimed to investigate the oral health knowledge, attitudes, practice and status of Pakistani adults, deliver tailor-made oral health education programme to this community, and evaluate the effectiveness of this programme. Methods: With the support of four non-governmental organizations (NGO), 108 Pakistani adults (aged 18 years+) were recruited. A questionnaire on their oral health knowledge, attitudes and practice was completed. Their oral hygiene status was assessed using the Visible Plaque Index and Gingival Bleeding Index. Oral health knowledge and skill training were delivered to them using tailor-made materials (pamphlets and video) and customized oral hygiene advice. These materials were designed based on the information collected from a focus group discussion with the target community and consultation with the NGO staff. After 1 month, 53 (49%) participants were re-evaluated. Their tooth status (Decayed, Missing, and Filled Teeth) and periodontal condition (Community Periodontal Index) were also recorded. Results: Poor oral health knowledge (especially on periodontal health) and attitudes were found among the participants. Their need for treatment of caries and periodontal disease was high. No participant had healthy gingiva and 59% had at least one untreated decayed tooth. Their utilization of dental services was scarce. Our oral health education programme has significantly improved their overall knowledge on oral health (p=0.041), especially on periodontal diseases, but not on attitudes (p=0.927). No statistically significant change was found in their toothbrushing habits, despite the slight decrease in number of irregular brushers (11% to 6%; p=0.125). Significant reduction in % surfaces with visible plaque accumulation was observed (37% to 33%, p=0.033). Conclusions: This study revealed unsatisfactory dental awareness and poor oral health status of Pakistani adults. Tailor-made oral health education programmes were useful for oral health promotion in this minority community.-
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherSage Publications, Inc.. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.sagepub.com/journalsProdDesc.nav?prodId=Journal201925-
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Dental Researchen_US
dc.rightsJournal of Dental Research. Copyright © Sage Publications, Inc..-
dc.subjectCaries-
dc.subjectEthnic minorities-
dc.subjectHealth services research and Periodontal disease-
dc.titleTailor-made Oral Health Education for Pakistani Adults in Hong Kongen_US
dc.typeConference_Paperen_US
dc.identifier.emailWong, MCM: mcmwong@hkucc.hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.emailGao, X: gaoxl@hkucc.hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authorityWong, MCM=rp00024en_US
dc.identifier.authorityGao, X=rp01509en_US
dc.identifier.hkuros213951en_US
dc.identifier.hkuros213031-
dc.identifier.volume91en_US
dc.identifier.issueSpecial Issue C: abstract no. 169548en_US
dc.publisher.placeUnited States-

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