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Conference Paper: Factors affecting parental and self-toothbrushing among 2-year-old Hong Kong children

TitleFactors affecting parental and self-toothbrushing among 2-year-old Hong Kong children
Authors
KeywordsClinical trials
Infants
Preventive dentistry
Toothbrushes and toothbrushing
Issue Date2012
PublisherSage Publications, Inc. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.sagepub.com/journalsProdDesc.nav?prodId=Journal201925
Citation
The Annual Meeting of the International Association for Dental Research (IADR) Southeast Asian Division, Hong Kong, China, 3-4 November 2012. In Journal of Dental Research, 2012, v. 91 n. Special Issue C: abstract no. 168962 How to Cite?
AbstractObjectives: to investigate the factors affecting practice of parental and self-toothbrushing among young children in Hong Kong. Methods: A clinical trial was conducted on generally healthy 1-year-old children and their parents, recruited from child day care centers or parenting education centers. Children were randomly allocated into a positive control group which received a brief oral health talk (Gp1) and two intervention groups which included oral health talk and training in parental toothbrushing, reinforced every 6 months, with or without semi-annual application of 5% NaF varnish (Gp2 or Gp3). At baseline and 1-year follow-up, parents were asked to complete a questionnaire about their child’s background and parent’s and child’s practice in brushing the child’s teeth. Results: A total of 450 children with a mean age of 15 months were recruited at baseline and 429 (95%) children were followed up for 1 year. At the 1-year follow-up, proportions of children in Gp1, Gp2 and Gp3 who practiced self-toothbrushing twice or more daily were 46%, 48% and 46%, respectively (p=0.929). The proportions of parents in Gp1 to Gp3 who brushed their child’s teeth twice or more a day were 55%, 54% and 56%, respectively (p=0.942). Factors associated with the practice of twice daily parental or child’s self-toothbrushing were similar. These included parents’ oral health knowledge (p<0.01), parents’ education level (p<0.001), and household income (p<0.001), but not the group allocation in the trial. Conclusions: Young children’s toothbrurshing behaviors were influenced by their socio-economic background, but not significantly improved by providing training on toothbrushing to their parents. (Funded by Hong Kong Research Grants Council, Grant # HKU771709M)
DescriptionSession: Behavioral, Epidemiologic and Health Services Research
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/182066
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 4.602
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.714

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorJiang, Men_US
dc.contributor.authorLo, ECMen_US
dc.contributor.authorChu, CHen_US
dc.contributor.authorWong, MCMen_US
dc.date.accessioned2013-04-17T07:20:44Z-
dc.date.available2013-04-17T07:20:44Z-
dc.date.issued2012en_US
dc.identifier.citationThe Annual Meeting of the International Association for Dental Research (IADR) Southeast Asian Division, Hong Kong, China, 3-4 November 2012. In Journal of Dental Research, 2012, v. 91 n. Special Issue C: abstract no. 168962en_US
dc.identifier.issn0022-0345-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/182066-
dc.descriptionSession: Behavioral, Epidemiologic and Health Services Research-
dc.description.abstractObjectives: to investigate the factors affecting practice of parental and self-toothbrushing among young children in Hong Kong. Methods: A clinical trial was conducted on generally healthy 1-year-old children and their parents, recruited from child day care centers or parenting education centers. Children were randomly allocated into a positive control group which received a brief oral health talk (Gp1) and two intervention groups which included oral health talk and training in parental toothbrushing, reinforced every 6 months, with or without semi-annual application of 5% NaF varnish (Gp2 or Gp3). At baseline and 1-year follow-up, parents were asked to complete a questionnaire about their child’s background and parent’s and child’s practice in brushing the child’s teeth. Results: A total of 450 children with a mean age of 15 months were recruited at baseline and 429 (95%) children were followed up for 1 year. At the 1-year follow-up, proportions of children in Gp1, Gp2 and Gp3 who practiced self-toothbrushing twice or more daily were 46%, 48% and 46%, respectively (p=0.929). The proportions of parents in Gp1 to Gp3 who brushed their child’s teeth twice or more a day were 55%, 54% and 56%, respectively (p=0.942). Factors associated with the practice of twice daily parental or child’s self-toothbrushing were similar. These included parents’ oral health knowledge (p<0.01), parents’ education level (p<0.001), and household income (p<0.001), but not the group allocation in the trial. Conclusions: Young children’s toothbrurshing behaviors were influenced by their socio-economic background, but not significantly improved by providing training on toothbrushing to their parents. (Funded by Hong Kong Research Grants Council, Grant # HKU771709M)-
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherSage Publications, Inc. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.sagepub.com/journalsProdDesc.nav?prodId=Journal201925-
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Dental Researchen_US
dc.rightsJournal of Dental Research. Copyright © Sage Publications, Inc.-
dc.subjectClinical trials-
dc.subjectInfants-
dc.subjectPreventive dentistry-
dc.subjectToothbrushes and toothbrushing-
dc.titleFactors affecting parental and self-toothbrushing among 2-year-old Hong Kong childrenen_US
dc.typeConference_Paperen_US
dc.identifier.emailLo, ECM: hrdplcm@hkucc.hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.emailChu, CH: chchu@hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.emailWong, MCM: mcmwong@hkucc.hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authorityLo, ECM=rp00015en_US
dc.identifier.authorityChu, CH=rp00022en_US
dc.identifier.authorityWong, MCM=rp00024en_US
dc.identifier.hkuros213914en_US
dc.identifier.volume91en_US
dc.identifier.issueSpecial Issue C: abstract no. 168962en_US
dc.publisher.placeUnited States-

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