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postgraduate thesis: Time-resolved spectroscopic studies of hydrogen abstraction and decarboxylation reactions of selected benzophenone derivatives

TitleTime-resolved spectroscopic studies of hydrogen abstraction and decarboxylation reactions of selected benzophenone derivatives
Authors
Issue Date2012
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Li, M. [李明德]. (2012). Time-resolved spectroscopic studies of hydrogen abstraction and decarboxylation reactions of selected benzophenone derivatives. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b4784935
AbstractNanosecond time-resolved resonance Raman spectroscopy (ns-TR3), nanosecond transient absorption (ns-TA) and femtosecond transient absorption (fs-TA) were utilized to investigate the photochemistry of ketoprofen (KP), ketoprofen-purine dyads, fenofebric acid (FA) in different solutions. For KP, the rate constant and reaction mechanism of KP are strongly dependent on the concentration of water. In neat acetonitrile and acetonitrile-rich solutions (water:acetonitrile?1:1, v:v), KP exhibits mostly benzophenone-like photochemistry to give rise to triplet state which in turn transforms to ketyl radical intermediate by hydrogen abstraction reaction. However, in aqueous solutions with higher water ratios (water:acetonitrile?80%) or acidic solutions, fs-TA studies found that after the irradiation of KP the singlet state will transform into the triplet state with a high efficiency through an intersystem crossing and a triplet state mediated decarboxylation reaction of KP is confirmed in water-rich and acidic solutions as well as the triplet state KP- anion generating a KP carbanion through a decarboxylation reaction. Triplet state ketoprofen (3KP) is firstly observed by ns-TR3 experiments and then excited triplet state intramolecular proton transfer (ESIPT) induces 3KP to facilely undergo the decarboxylation reaction to generate a triplet protonated carbanion biradical (3BCH) species, this observation is also confirmed by the results from density functional theory (DFT) calculations. For solutions with higher water concentrations (such as between 50% and 90% water by volume), the hydrogen abstraction and decarboxylation processes are two competitive pathways with different rate constants. For KP-purine dyads, intramolecular hydrogen abstraction has been proposed to form ketyl-C1 biradical in acetonitrile solvent. Fs-TA study on KP-purine nucleoside dyads reveals that 3KP of cisoid dyads decays faster than 3KP of transoid dyads obtained in acetonitrile-water mixtures. Ns-TR3 experiments and DFT calculations suggest that ketyl-C1 biradical intermediate is generated with a higher efficiency for the 5-KP-dG dyad than for the 5-KP-dA and 5-KPGly-dA dyads. There is no ketyl-C1 biradical observed in ns-TR3 experiments for the 3-KP-dA dyad with transoid structure due to a steric effect. For FA, a solvent dependent photochemistry is observed. A typical nπ* triplet state FA (3FA) is evolved by a high efficient intersystem crossing in acetonitrile-rich solutions and subsequently 3FA promptly abstracts a hydrogen from water molecule to generate a ketyl radical intermediate. In contrast, an inversion of the hydrogen abstraction and decarboxylation reactions of nπ* 3FA is rationalized with the assistance of water molecules when going from acetonitrile-rich to water-rich mixtures. However, in 50% PBS solution, FA carbanion is observed from the picosecond to nanosecond times and the cleavage of FA carbanion gives rise to the enolate 3- anion at later nanosecond delay times.
DegreeDoctor of Philosophy
SubjectTime-resolved spectroscopy.
Benzoates.
Organic compounds - Spectra.
Photochemistry.
Dept/ProgramChemistry
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/181853

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorLi, Mingde-
dc.contributor.author李明德-
dc.date.accessioned2013-03-20T06:29:01Z-
dc.date.available2013-03-20T06:29:01Z-
dc.date.issued2012-
dc.identifier.citationLi, M. [李明德]. (2012). Time-resolved spectroscopic studies of hydrogen abstraction and decarboxylation reactions of selected benzophenone derivatives. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b4784935-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/181853-
dc.description.abstractNanosecond time-resolved resonance Raman spectroscopy (ns-TR3), nanosecond transient absorption (ns-TA) and femtosecond transient absorption (fs-TA) were utilized to investigate the photochemistry of ketoprofen (KP), ketoprofen-purine dyads, fenofebric acid (FA) in different solutions. For KP, the rate constant and reaction mechanism of KP are strongly dependent on the concentration of water. In neat acetonitrile and acetonitrile-rich solutions (water:acetonitrile?1:1, v:v), KP exhibits mostly benzophenone-like photochemistry to give rise to triplet state which in turn transforms to ketyl radical intermediate by hydrogen abstraction reaction. However, in aqueous solutions with higher water ratios (water:acetonitrile?80%) or acidic solutions, fs-TA studies found that after the irradiation of KP the singlet state will transform into the triplet state with a high efficiency through an intersystem crossing and a triplet state mediated decarboxylation reaction of KP is confirmed in water-rich and acidic solutions as well as the triplet state KP- anion generating a KP carbanion through a decarboxylation reaction. Triplet state ketoprofen (3KP) is firstly observed by ns-TR3 experiments and then excited triplet state intramolecular proton transfer (ESIPT) induces 3KP to facilely undergo the decarboxylation reaction to generate a triplet protonated carbanion biradical (3BCH) species, this observation is also confirmed by the results from density functional theory (DFT) calculations. For solutions with higher water concentrations (such as between 50% and 90% water by volume), the hydrogen abstraction and decarboxylation processes are two competitive pathways with different rate constants. For KP-purine dyads, intramolecular hydrogen abstraction has been proposed to form ketyl-C1 biradical in acetonitrile solvent. Fs-TA study on KP-purine nucleoside dyads reveals that 3KP of cisoid dyads decays faster than 3KP of transoid dyads obtained in acetonitrile-water mixtures. Ns-TR3 experiments and DFT calculations suggest that ketyl-C1 biradical intermediate is generated with a higher efficiency for the 5-KP-dG dyad than for the 5-KP-dA and 5-KPGly-dA dyads. There is no ketyl-C1 biradical observed in ns-TR3 experiments for the 3-KP-dA dyad with transoid structure due to a steric effect. For FA, a solvent dependent photochemistry is observed. A typical nπ* triplet state FA (3FA) is evolved by a high efficient intersystem crossing in acetonitrile-rich solutions and subsequently 3FA promptly abstracts a hydrogen from water molecule to generate a ketyl radical intermediate. In contrast, an inversion of the hydrogen abstraction and decarboxylation reactions of nπ* 3FA is rationalized with the assistance of water molecules when going from acetonitrile-rich to water-rich mixtures. However, in 50% PBS solution, FA carbanion is observed from the picosecond to nanosecond times and the cleavage of FA carbanion gives rise to the enolate 3- anion at later nanosecond delay times.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.source.urihttp://hub.hku.hk/bib/B47849356-
dc.subject.lcshTime-resolved spectroscopy.-
dc.subject.lcshBenzoates.-
dc.subject.lcshOrganic compounds - Spectra.-
dc.subject.lcshPhotochemistry.-
dc.titleTime-resolved spectroscopic studies of hydrogen abstraction and decarboxylation reactions of selected benzophenone derivatives-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb4784935-
dc.description.thesisnameDoctor of Philosophy-
dc.description.thesislevelDoctoral-
dc.description.thesisdisciplineChemistry-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b4784935-
dc.date.hkucongregation2012-

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