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postgraduate thesis: Synthesis of photosensitizing molecules and fabrication of inorganic nanostructures for dye-sensitized solar cell

TitleSynthesis of photosensitizing molecules and fabrication of inorganic nanostructures for dye-sensitized solar cell
Authors
Issue Date2012
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Chan, H. [陳鴻達]. (2012). Synthesis of photosensitizing molecules and fabrication of inorganic nanostructures for dye-sensitized solar cell. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b4784934
AbstractDye-sensitized solar cells (DSSC) have drawn much attention due to their higher versatility and lower production cost compared to inorganic photovoltaics. The top performers of DSSC have achieved power conversion efficiency over 10%, which is comparable to amorphous silicon solar cells. In this work, new photosensitizers and nanostructure for improving the photovoltaic performance of DSSC were developed and evaluated. Two series of cyclometalated ruthenium(II) complex photosensitizer were presented and their photosensitizing properties in DSSC were studied. Eight cyclometalated ruthenium(II) terpyridine complexes with three carboxylic acid groups on the terpyridine ligand were synthesized. Series A (M1 to M4) consist of C,N,N’ ligands substituted with phenyl group whereas series B (M5 to M8) consist of C,N,N’ ligands substituted with m-fluorophenyl group. All of the complexes exhibited broad aborption spectra covering the whole visible spectrum. The complexes in series B generally showed better photovoltaic performance than those in series A in the DSSCs. DSSC fabricated from M7 achieved the highest Voc, Jsc and power conversion efficiency among other DSSC, which were 0.56 V, 7.30 mAcm-2 and 2.63 % respectively. Truxene-core donor--acceptor dyes were presented and their photosensitizing properties in DSSC were studied. Eight dyes with either one donor two acceptors system (T2, B2, T2R and B2R) or two donor one acceptor system (T1, B1, T1R and B1R) were synthesized. Dyes with two acceptors have high molar extinction coefficients originated from the charge-transfer transition band, which are almost two times higher than those with only one accceptors. Both the enhanced absorption and better anchoring geometry on TiO2 contribute to the better photovoltaic performance of the two acceptors dyes in the DSSCs. Devices fabricated from B2 and volatile solvent electrolyte exhibited the best photovoltaic performance among the truxene-core dyes. The Voc, Jsc, FF and power conversion efficiency of the device were 0.59 V, 9.69 mAcm-2, 0.63 and 3.62 % respectively. Dyes based on cyanoacrylic acid anchoring groups (T1, T2, B1 and B2) were found to perform better than those based on rhodanine-3-acetic acid dyes (T1R, T2R, B1R and B2R) in both donor--acceptor configurations. ITO nanorod/TiO2 nanoparticle composite films with the three different types of ITO nanorod with different length (150 nm, 600 nm and 1.5 μm) were fabricated on FTO glass substrate. The transmittance and sheet resistance of the ITO nanorod array on the FTO glass substrate were found decreased with increasing the length of the ITO nanorod. When the ITO nanorod/TiO2 nanoparticle composite films were applied as the anode in DSSCs, the device fabricated from 600 nm ITO nanorod with TiO2 ‘double layer‘ film showed enhanced photocurrent generation. The improved photocurrent generation is suggested to be due to an improved charge collection efficiency at the ITO nanorod back electrode.
DegreeDoctor of Philosophy
SubjectNanostructured materials - Synthesis.
Dye-sensitized solar cells.
Dept/ProgramChemistry
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/181606

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorChan, Hung-tat.-
dc.contributor.author陳鴻達.-
dc.date.accessioned2013-03-10T06:50:07Z-
dc.date.available2013-03-10T06:50:07Z-
dc.date.issued2012-
dc.identifier.citationChan, H. [陳鴻達]. (2012). Synthesis of photosensitizing molecules and fabrication of inorganic nanostructures for dye-sensitized solar cell. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b4784934-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/181606-
dc.description.abstractDye-sensitized solar cells (DSSC) have drawn much attention due to their higher versatility and lower production cost compared to inorganic photovoltaics. The top performers of DSSC have achieved power conversion efficiency over 10%, which is comparable to amorphous silicon solar cells. In this work, new photosensitizers and nanostructure for improving the photovoltaic performance of DSSC were developed and evaluated. Two series of cyclometalated ruthenium(II) complex photosensitizer were presented and their photosensitizing properties in DSSC were studied. Eight cyclometalated ruthenium(II) terpyridine complexes with three carboxylic acid groups on the terpyridine ligand were synthesized. Series A (M1 to M4) consist of C,N,N’ ligands substituted with phenyl group whereas series B (M5 to M8) consist of C,N,N’ ligands substituted with m-fluorophenyl group. All of the complexes exhibited broad aborption spectra covering the whole visible spectrum. The complexes in series B generally showed better photovoltaic performance than those in series A in the DSSCs. DSSC fabricated from M7 achieved the highest Voc, Jsc and power conversion efficiency among other DSSC, which were 0.56 V, 7.30 mAcm-2 and 2.63 % respectively. Truxene-core donor--acceptor dyes were presented and their photosensitizing properties in DSSC were studied. Eight dyes with either one donor two acceptors system (T2, B2, T2R and B2R) or two donor one acceptor system (T1, B1, T1R and B1R) were synthesized. Dyes with two acceptors have high molar extinction coefficients originated from the charge-transfer transition band, which are almost two times higher than those with only one accceptors. Both the enhanced absorption and better anchoring geometry on TiO2 contribute to the better photovoltaic performance of the two acceptors dyes in the DSSCs. Devices fabricated from B2 and volatile solvent electrolyte exhibited the best photovoltaic performance among the truxene-core dyes. The Voc, Jsc, FF and power conversion efficiency of the device were 0.59 V, 9.69 mAcm-2, 0.63 and 3.62 % respectively. Dyes based on cyanoacrylic acid anchoring groups (T1, T2, B1 and B2) were found to perform better than those based on rhodanine-3-acetic acid dyes (T1R, T2R, B1R and B2R) in both donor--acceptor configurations. ITO nanorod/TiO2 nanoparticle composite films with the three different types of ITO nanorod with different length (150 nm, 600 nm and 1.5 μm) were fabricated on FTO glass substrate. The transmittance and sheet resistance of the ITO nanorod array on the FTO glass substrate were found decreased with increasing the length of the ITO nanorod. When the ITO nanorod/TiO2 nanoparticle composite films were applied as the anode in DSSCs, the device fabricated from 600 nm ITO nanorod with TiO2 ‘double layer‘ film showed enhanced photocurrent generation. The improved photocurrent generation is suggested to be due to an improved charge collection efficiency at the ITO nanorod back electrode.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.source.urihttp://hub.hku.hk/bib/B47849344-
dc.subject.lcshNanostructured materials - Synthesis.-
dc.subject.lcshDye-sensitized solar cells.-
dc.titleSynthesis of photosensitizing molecules and fabrication of inorganic nanostructures for dye-sensitized solar cell-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb4784934-
dc.description.thesisnameDoctor of Philosophy-
dc.description.thesislevelDoctoral-
dc.description.thesisdisciplineChemistry-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b4784934-
dc.date.hkucongregation2012-

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