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postgraduate thesis: Genetic risk factors for late-onset Alzheimer's disease in Chinese

TitleGenetic risk factors for late-onset Alzheimer's disease in Chinese
Authors
Advisors
Advisor(s):Song, Y
Issue Date2012
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Chen, L. [陈璐华]. (2012). Genetic risk factors for late-onset Alzheimer's disease in Chinese. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b4961758
AbstractAlzheimer’s disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder, with genetic factors playing critical roles in its pathogenesis. Mutations in APP, PSEN1 and PSEN2 genes are confirmed to be causative risk factors for early-onset Alzheimer’s disease (EOAD). For late-onset Alzheimer’s disease (LOAD), growing evidence suggests it is caused by multiple genetic risk factors in corporation with the environmental exposures. Although, so far, APOE is the most well recognized common genetic risk factor for LOAD, other susceptible candidate genes, such as CR1, CLU and PICALM, have recently been identified in Caucasians using genome-wide association approach. In order to have a better understanding on the genetic components of LOAD in Chinese as well as identify other potential genetic risk factors for Chinese ethnic population, we conducted a case-control study using candidate gene association approach. In view of increasing evidence on the neural protective effects of sex steroid hormones both in vivo and in vitro, we hypothesized variations on sex steroid metabolic pathway genes were associated with LOAD. Four candidate genes (ESR1, ESR2, CYP19A1, CYP11A1) were evaluated based on 462 cases and 350 non-demented controls. Apart from consistent result for APOE, polymorphisms in ESR2 and CYP11A1 were found to be significantly associated with the disease. When stratification according to gender, marginally significant associations were detected for ESR1 and ESR2 variants in men while CYP11A1 variants relevant to LOAD risk were detected exclusively in women. Additionally, genotypic and phenotypic correlation analysis revealed CYP19A1 was significantly relevant to serum 17-estradiol (E2) levels in 689 subgroup participants, especially in 400 LOAD patients of subgroup. Further gene-level analyses based on whole sample confirmed above disease association for ESR2 and CYP11A1 and pathway-level analyses highlighted the impact of sex steroid metabolic pathway on disease predisposition. The independent follow-up study for CR1, CLU and PICALM previously reported by genome-wide association study (GWAS) in Caucasians was conducted in the same Chinese cohort. Similar to the Caucasian cohort, polymorphisms in CR1 and CLU were found to be significantly different between cases and non-demented controls. However, significant disease association for PICAML was detected only in the APOE ε4 (-) subgroup of our Chinese cohort. In conclusions, genetic abnormalities were founded in Chinese LOAD patients. In addition to confirmation disease susceptibility for APOE, CR1, CLU and PICALM, we were first to report the associations between several sex steroid metabolic pathway genes and LOAD. This valuable genetic information obtained from Chinese patients may lead to the development of novel diagnostic strategies and therapeutic interventions in LOAD.
DegreeDoctor of Philosophy
SubjectAlzheimer's disease - Genetic aspects.
Dept/ProgramBiochemistry
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/180938

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.advisorSong, Y-
dc.contributor.authorChen, Lu-hua.-
dc.contributor.author陈璐华.-
dc.date.accessioned2013-02-07T06:20:56Z-
dc.date.available2013-02-07T06:20:56Z-
dc.date.issued2012-
dc.identifier.citationChen, L. [陈璐华]. (2012). Genetic risk factors for late-onset Alzheimer's disease in Chinese. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b4961758-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/180938-
dc.description.abstractAlzheimer’s disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder, with genetic factors playing critical roles in its pathogenesis. Mutations in APP, PSEN1 and PSEN2 genes are confirmed to be causative risk factors for early-onset Alzheimer’s disease (EOAD). For late-onset Alzheimer’s disease (LOAD), growing evidence suggests it is caused by multiple genetic risk factors in corporation with the environmental exposures. Although, so far, APOE is the most well recognized common genetic risk factor for LOAD, other susceptible candidate genes, such as CR1, CLU and PICALM, have recently been identified in Caucasians using genome-wide association approach. In order to have a better understanding on the genetic components of LOAD in Chinese as well as identify other potential genetic risk factors for Chinese ethnic population, we conducted a case-control study using candidate gene association approach. In view of increasing evidence on the neural protective effects of sex steroid hormones both in vivo and in vitro, we hypothesized variations on sex steroid metabolic pathway genes were associated with LOAD. Four candidate genes (ESR1, ESR2, CYP19A1, CYP11A1) were evaluated based on 462 cases and 350 non-demented controls. Apart from consistent result for APOE, polymorphisms in ESR2 and CYP11A1 were found to be significantly associated with the disease. When stratification according to gender, marginally significant associations were detected for ESR1 and ESR2 variants in men while CYP11A1 variants relevant to LOAD risk were detected exclusively in women. Additionally, genotypic and phenotypic correlation analysis revealed CYP19A1 was significantly relevant to serum 17-estradiol (E2) levels in 689 subgroup participants, especially in 400 LOAD patients of subgroup. Further gene-level analyses based on whole sample confirmed above disease association for ESR2 and CYP11A1 and pathway-level analyses highlighted the impact of sex steroid metabolic pathway on disease predisposition. The independent follow-up study for CR1, CLU and PICALM previously reported by genome-wide association study (GWAS) in Caucasians was conducted in the same Chinese cohort. Similar to the Caucasian cohort, polymorphisms in CR1 and CLU were found to be significantly different between cases and non-demented controls. However, significant disease association for PICAML was detected only in the APOE ε4 (-) subgroup of our Chinese cohort. In conclusions, genetic abnormalities were founded in Chinese LOAD patients. In addition to confirmation disease susceptibility for APOE, CR1, CLU and PICALM, we were first to report the associations between several sex steroid metabolic pathway genes and LOAD. This valuable genetic information obtained from Chinese patients may lead to the development of novel diagnostic strategies and therapeutic interventions in LOAD.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.source.urihttp://hub.hku.hk/bib/B49617588-
dc.subject.lcshAlzheimer's disease - Genetic aspects.-
dc.titleGenetic risk factors for late-onset Alzheimer's disease in Chinese-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb4961758-
dc.description.thesisnameDoctor of Philosophy-
dc.description.thesislevelDoctoral-
dc.description.thesisdisciplineBiochemistry-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b4961758-
dc.date.hkucongregation2013-

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