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postgraduate thesis: Microchip-capillary electrophoresis devices with dual-electrode detectors for determination of polyphenols, amino acids andmetabolites in wine and biofluids

TitleMicrochip-capillary electrophoresis devices with dual-electrode detectors for determination of polyphenols, amino acids andmetabolites in wine and biofluids
Authors
Advisors
Advisor(s):Fung, YS
Issue Date2012
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Du, F. [杜富滢]. (2012). Microchip-capillary electrophoresis devices with dual-electrode detectors for determination of polyphenols, amino acids and metabolites in wine and biofluids. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b4852169
AbstractThe electrochemical detector provides a promising detection mode for capillary electrophoresis (CE) due to its excellent sensitivity, good portability, high selectivity, easy miniaturization, low capital and running cost. To widen its scope for determining trace analytes in complex samples, three dual-electrode detectors were fabricated to enable the determination of electro-inactive analytes, to assess co-eluted peaks and to give a large enhancement of the detection sensitivity by modifying electrode surface using multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs). To determine trace non-electroactive amino acids present in human tears, a serial dual-electrode detector was developed using an upstream on-capillary Pt film electrode to oxidize bromide to bromine at +1.0 V and a downstream Pt disk electrode to detect the residual bromine at +0.2 V after their reaction with amino acids eluted out from the separation capillary. The bromide reagent was introduced after CE separation by a newly designed coaxial post-column reactor fabricated onto the PMMA chip. Using optimized CE buffer containing 20 mM borate, 20 mM SDS at pH 9.8, L-glutamine, L-alanine and taurine were baseline separated with detection limits ranging from 0.56-0.65 μM and a working range of 2-200 μM for L-glutamine and of 2-300 μM for both L-alanine and taurine. Method reliability was established by close to 100% recoveries for spiked amino acids and good agreement between the measured and the literature reported amino acid concentrations in tears. For the determination of polyphenols in wine, a microchip-CE device was fabricated with a dual-opposite carbon fiber microelectrode operated in a parallel mode to assess peak purity. Under optimized conditions, (+)-catechin, trans-resveratrol, quercetin, (-)-epicatechin and gallic acid were baseline separated within 16 min with detection limits ranging from 0.031- 0.21 mg/L and repeatability of 2.0-3.3 % (n=5). The use of an opposite dual-electrode enables the simultaneous determination of peaks and measurement of their current ratios at +0.8 V and +1.0 V vs Ag/AgCl. The capability of using current ratio to identify the presence of co-migrating impurities was demonstrated in a mixed standard solution with overlapping (+)-catechin and (-)-epicatechin peaks and in a commercial red wine with interfering impurities. Matching of both the migration time and the current ratio reduce false positive and validate polyphenol quantitation in red wine. Lastly, a dual-opposite MWNTs modified carbon fiber microelectrode (CFME) was developed to determine the biomarkers (4-nitrophenol, 4-nitrophenyl-glucuronide and 4-nitrophenyl-sulfate) needed to assess exposure to methyl parathion. Use of the MWNTs modified CFME showed a much higher sensitivity than bare CFME, with a detection limit of 0.46 μM for 4-nitrophenol. Baseline separation of all three biomarkers was obtained within 31 min by a 45 cm long capillary under 12 kV in a 20 mM phosphate buffer at pH 7.0. The method developed was successfully utilized to determine low levels of biomarkers in human urine without using complex pretreatment steps and delivered recoveries ranging from 95.3 - 97.3% and RSDs within 5.8% (n=3). Using a parallel dual-electrode detector was shown to deliver reliable results with matching current ratios and comparable migration time to those obtained from biomarker standards.
DegreeDoctor of Philosophy
SubjectCapillary electrophoresis.
Polyphenols - Analysis.
Amino acids - Analysis.
Metabolites - Analysis.
Dept/ProgramChemistry

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.advisorFung, YS-
dc.contributor.authorDu, Fuying.-
dc.contributor.author杜富滢.-
dc.date.issued2012-
dc.identifier.citationDu, F. [杜富滢]. (2012). Microchip-capillary electrophoresis devices with dual-electrode detectors for determination of polyphenols, amino acids and metabolites in wine and biofluids. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b4852169-
dc.description.abstractThe electrochemical detector provides a promising detection mode for capillary electrophoresis (CE) due to its excellent sensitivity, good portability, high selectivity, easy miniaturization, low capital and running cost. To widen its scope for determining trace analytes in complex samples, three dual-electrode detectors were fabricated to enable the determination of electro-inactive analytes, to assess co-eluted peaks and to give a large enhancement of the detection sensitivity by modifying electrode surface using multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs). To determine trace non-electroactive amino acids present in human tears, a serial dual-electrode detector was developed using an upstream on-capillary Pt film electrode to oxidize bromide to bromine at +1.0 V and a downstream Pt disk electrode to detect the residual bromine at +0.2 V after their reaction with amino acids eluted out from the separation capillary. The bromide reagent was introduced after CE separation by a newly designed coaxial post-column reactor fabricated onto the PMMA chip. Using optimized CE buffer containing 20 mM borate, 20 mM SDS at pH 9.8, L-glutamine, L-alanine and taurine were baseline separated with detection limits ranging from 0.56-0.65 μM and a working range of 2-200 μM for L-glutamine and of 2-300 μM for both L-alanine and taurine. Method reliability was established by close to 100% recoveries for spiked amino acids and good agreement between the measured and the literature reported amino acid concentrations in tears. For the determination of polyphenols in wine, a microchip-CE device was fabricated with a dual-opposite carbon fiber microelectrode operated in a parallel mode to assess peak purity. Under optimized conditions, (+)-catechin, trans-resveratrol, quercetin, (-)-epicatechin and gallic acid were baseline separated within 16 min with detection limits ranging from 0.031- 0.21 mg/L and repeatability of 2.0-3.3 % (n=5). The use of an opposite dual-electrode enables the simultaneous determination of peaks and measurement of their current ratios at +0.8 V and +1.0 V vs Ag/AgCl. The capability of using current ratio to identify the presence of co-migrating impurities was demonstrated in a mixed standard solution with overlapping (+)-catechin and (-)-epicatechin peaks and in a commercial red wine with interfering impurities. Matching of both the migration time and the current ratio reduce false positive and validate polyphenol quantitation in red wine. Lastly, a dual-opposite MWNTs modified carbon fiber microelectrode (CFME) was developed to determine the biomarkers (4-nitrophenol, 4-nitrophenyl-glucuronide and 4-nitrophenyl-sulfate) needed to assess exposure to methyl parathion. Use of the MWNTs modified CFME showed a much higher sensitivity than bare CFME, with a detection limit of 0.46 μM for 4-nitrophenol. Baseline separation of all three biomarkers was obtained within 31 min by a 45 cm long capillary under 12 kV in a 20 mM phosphate buffer at pH 7.0. The method developed was successfully utilized to determine low levels of biomarkers in human urine without using complex pretreatment steps and delivered recoveries ranging from 95.3 - 97.3% and RSDs within 5.8% (n=3). Using a parallel dual-electrode detector was shown to deliver reliable results with matching current ratios and comparable migration time to those obtained from biomarker standards.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.source.urihttp://hub.hku.hk/bib/B48521693-
dc.subject.lcshCapillary electrophoresis.-
dc.subject.lcshPolyphenols - Analysis.-
dc.subject.lcshAmino acids - Analysis.-
dc.subject.lcshMetabolites - Analysis.-
dc.titleMicrochip-capillary electrophoresis devices with dual-electrode detectors for determination of polyphenols, amino acids andmetabolites in wine and biofluids-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb4852169-
dc.description.thesisnameDoctor of Philosophy-
dc.description.thesislevelDoctoral-
dc.description.thesisdisciplineChemistry-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b4852169-
dc.date.hkucongregation2012-

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