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postgraduate thesis: Effectiveness of hand hygiene programs that improve compliance rate among healthcare workers: a systematic review

TitleEffectiveness of hand hygiene programs that improve compliance rate among healthcare workers: a systematic review
Authors
Issue Date2012
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Mok, A. [莫彤]. (2012). Effectiveness of hand hygiene programs that improve compliance rate among healthcare workers : a systematic review. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b4842498
AbstractIntroduction: Hand hygiene, the most effective and economical way to prevent the transmission of many bacteria and viruses in healthcare settings, yet, its compliance rate remained unacceptably poor in many countries. Compliance with hand hygiene among healthcare workers increased substantially during outbreak of serious acute respiratory symptoms (SARS) in 2003 but decreased to the baseline after SARS, to improve compliance rate sustainable, many hand hygiene intervention programs have been established since 2003. However, the effectiveness of these programs were in big variations. The objectives of this review were to identify the effectiveness of these hand hygiene intervention programs. Methods: This review was conducted using the search engines – PubMed. The key words “hand hygiene”, “hand-washing”, “compliance”, “healthcare personnel”, and “program*” were used for searching literature published from 2003 to July 2012.. Forty-Seven articles were initially obtained. After screening and reviewing of these articles,9 articles met the requirements for inclusion and exclusion criteria were included in this review. The outcome measure was set as the differences and relative ratios in the observed hand hygiene compliance rate before and after intervention. Results: Results showed that 8 hand hygiene programs were effective while 1 programme was ineffective in improving hand hygiene compliance rates. Of the eight studies that reported improvement in compliance with hand hygiene, improvement in compliance rate after the interventions was ranged from (24% to 50%) while the relative ratio of compliance (after vs. before intervention) was ranged from 1.78 to 4. The study that reported no improvement in compliance with hand hygiene had a relative high naseline hand hygiene compliance rate of 61% Conclusion: Hand hygiene programs that improve compliance rate among healthcare workers were effective overall. The effectiveness of hand hygiene programs seemed to be positively associated with the numbers of intervention types involved. Research on non-compliance and intrapersonal behavior on hand hygiene was suggested for future investigation.
DegreeMaster of Public Health
SubjectHand washing.
Hand - Care and hygiene.
Dept/ProgramPublic Health

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorMok, Anthony.-
dc.contributor.author莫彤.-
dc.date.issued2012-
dc.identifier.citationMok, A. [莫彤]. (2012). Effectiveness of hand hygiene programs that improve compliance rate among healthcare workers : a systematic review. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b4842498-
dc.description.abstractIntroduction: Hand hygiene, the most effective and economical way to prevent the transmission of many bacteria and viruses in healthcare settings, yet, its compliance rate remained unacceptably poor in many countries. Compliance with hand hygiene among healthcare workers increased substantially during outbreak of serious acute respiratory symptoms (SARS) in 2003 but decreased to the baseline after SARS, to improve compliance rate sustainable, many hand hygiene intervention programs have been established since 2003. However, the effectiveness of these programs were in big variations. The objectives of this review were to identify the effectiveness of these hand hygiene intervention programs. Methods: This review was conducted using the search engines – PubMed. The key words “hand hygiene”, “hand-washing”, “compliance”, “healthcare personnel”, and “program*” were used for searching literature published from 2003 to July 2012.. Forty-Seven articles were initially obtained. After screening and reviewing of these articles,9 articles met the requirements for inclusion and exclusion criteria were included in this review. The outcome measure was set as the differences and relative ratios in the observed hand hygiene compliance rate before and after intervention. Results: Results showed that 8 hand hygiene programs were effective while 1 programme was ineffective in improving hand hygiene compliance rates. Of the eight studies that reported improvement in compliance with hand hygiene, improvement in compliance rate after the interventions was ranged from (24% to 50%) while the relative ratio of compliance (after vs. before intervention) was ranged from 1.78 to 4. The study that reported no improvement in compliance with hand hygiene had a relative high naseline hand hygiene compliance rate of 61% Conclusion: Hand hygiene programs that improve compliance rate among healthcare workers were effective overall. The effectiveness of hand hygiene programs seemed to be positively associated with the numbers of intervention types involved. Research on non-compliance and intrapersonal behavior on hand hygiene was suggested for future investigation.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.source.urihttp://hub.hku.hk/bib/B48424985-
dc.subject.lcshHand washing.-
dc.subject.lcshHand - Care and hygiene.-
dc.titleEffectiveness of hand hygiene programs that improve compliance rate among healthcare workers: a systematic review-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb4842498-
dc.description.thesisnameMaster of Public Health-
dc.description.thesislevelMaster-
dc.description.thesisdisciplinePublic Health-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b4842498-
dc.date.hkucongregation2012-

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