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postgraduate thesis: Relations between dietary soy intake and premenstrual syndrome in young Chinese women

TitleRelations between dietary soy intake and premenstrual syndrome in young Chinese women
Authors
Issue Date2012
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Ho, K. C. [何家怡]. (2012). Relations between dietary soy intake and premenstrual syndrome in young Chinese women. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b4842316
AbstractBackground: The premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a collection of physical and emotional symptoms that occurs related to women’s menstrual cycle. PMS usually occurs a few days before the onset of menstruation and relieved by the onset of menstruation. There are more than 200 reported symptoms and the most usual symptoms include abdominal bloating, back pain, breast pain, irritability, fatigue, depression and change in eating patterns. However, the cause of PMS is not clear, but a number of factors have been suggested including disturbances in hormones and neurotransmitters, dietary intake and life style. Besides medication to relieve the symptoms, there are alternative prevention methods including diet and lifestyle changes including regular exercise, adequate sleep, and healthy balanced diet. High soy product intake is one of the suggested alternative dietary therapies for PMS by reducing circulating estrogen. Prior studies have indicated that isoflavones can affect estrogen metabolism and influence ovarian cyclicity. Since PMS is common in Hong Kong, it causes significant burden on quality of life in economic and social aspects by affecting social activities, working, or health care use. Objectives: To investigate the association between dietary soy intake and premenstrual syndrome among young Chinese female Design: A cross-sectional analytical study Methods: The research was carried out in a sample of 242 young Chinese women (mean age 20.8±2.59 years) who are students at the University of Hong Kong in April 2012. Face-to-face survey was carried out in campus. Self-administered questionnaire was used to obtain demographic data. A semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire with 20 food items was used to estimate the habitual dietary soy exposures. Moos Menstrual Distress Questionnaire was used to assess menstrual history and the PMS score. The study protocol received the approval of the Institutional Review Board of The University of Hong Kong/ Hospital Authority Hong Kong West Cluster. (UW 11-485) Results: 60% of participating women reported to have premenstrual syndrome. The mean score of total MDQ results at menstrual phase, premenstrual phase and postmenstrual phase were 378.5±70.05, 372.9±66.21, and 351.6±36.3 respectively. Soy intake was significantly negative correlated with MDQ scores in premenstrual phase (r=-0.191, p<0.05) and menstrual phase (r=-0.249, p<0.001). The beneficial effect of dietary soy was especially in pain, auto reaction and behavioral change (p<0.05). Adjusted for potential confounders, soy intake was independently associated with reduced PMS (B= -0.496, p<0.001) at premenstrual phase. Only 37% of those women with PMS would take medication or doctor consultation to relieve the symptoms. Over 78% of participating women were willing to try dietary therapy if it was reported to be helpful. Physical symptoms were the most commonly reported. Conclusions: Soy intake was associated with reduced PMS score, suggesting it may have beneficial effects on preventing or alleviating severity of PMS. Further prospective study and randomized controlled trials will be needed to demonstrate causality and clinical effectiveness.
DegreeMaster of Public Health
SubjectPremenstrual syndrome - China - Hong Kong.
Dept/ProgramPublic Health

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorHo, Ka-yee, Carey.-
dc.contributor.author何家怡.-
dc.date.issued2012-
dc.identifier.citationHo, K. C. [何家怡]. (2012). Relations between dietary soy intake and premenstrual syndrome in young Chinese women. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b4842316-
dc.description.abstractBackground: The premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a collection of physical and emotional symptoms that occurs related to women’s menstrual cycle. PMS usually occurs a few days before the onset of menstruation and relieved by the onset of menstruation. There are more than 200 reported symptoms and the most usual symptoms include abdominal bloating, back pain, breast pain, irritability, fatigue, depression and change in eating patterns. However, the cause of PMS is not clear, but a number of factors have been suggested including disturbances in hormones and neurotransmitters, dietary intake and life style. Besides medication to relieve the symptoms, there are alternative prevention methods including diet and lifestyle changes including regular exercise, adequate sleep, and healthy balanced diet. High soy product intake is one of the suggested alternative dietary therapies for PMS by reducing circulating estrogen. Prior studies have indicated that isoflavones can affect estrogen metabolism and influence ovarian cyclicity. Since PMS is common in Hong Kong, it causes significant burden on quality of life in economic and social aspects by affecting social activities, working, or health care use. Objectives: To investigate the association between dietary soy intake and premenstrual syndrome among young Chinese female Design: A cross-sectional analytical study Methods: The research was carried out in a sample of 242 young Chinese women (mean age 20.8±2.59 years) who are students at the University of Hong Kong in April 2012. Face-to-face survey was carried out in campus. Self-administered questionnaire was used to obtain demographic data. A semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire with 20 food items was used to estimate the habitual dietary soy exposures. Moos Menstrual Distress Questionnaire was used to assess menstrual history and the PMS score. The study protocol received the approval of the Institutional Review Board of The University of Hong Kong/ Hospital Authority Hong Kong West Cluster. (UW 11-485) Results: 60% of participating women reported to have premenstrual syndrome. The mean score of total MDQ results at menstrual phase, premenstrual phase and postmenstrual phase were 378.5±70.05, 372.9±66.21, and 351.6±36.3 respectively. Soy intake was significantly negative correlated with MDQ scores in premenstrual phase (r=-0.191, p<0.05) and menstrual phase (r=-0.249, p<0.001). The beneficial effect of dietary soy was especially in pain, auto reaction and behavioral change (p<0.05). Adjusted for potential confounders, soy intake was independently associated with reduced PMS (B= -0.496, p<0.001) at premenstrual phase. Only 37% of those women with PMS would take medication or doctor consultation to relieve the symptoms. Over 78% of participating women were willing to try dietary therapy if it was reported to be helpful. Physical symptoms were the most commonly reported. Conclusions: Soy intake was associated with reduced PMS score, suggesting it may have beneficial effects on preventing or alleviating severity of PMS. Further prospective study and randomized controlled trials will be needed to demonstrate causality and clinical effectiveness.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.source.urihttp://hub.hku.hk/bib/B48423166-
dc.subject.lcshPremenstrual syndrome - China - Hong Kong.-
dc.titleRelations between dietary soy intake and premenstrual syndrome in young Chinese women-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb4842316-
dc.description.thesisnameMaster of Public Health-
dc.description.thesislevelMaster-
dc.description.thesisdisciplinePublic Health-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b4842316-
dc.date.hkucongregation2012-

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