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Article: Effects of wheat pentosan and inulin on the metabolic activity of fecal microbiota and on bowel function in healthy humans

TitleEffects of wheat pentosan and inulin on the metabolic activity of fecal microbiota and on bowel function in healthy humans
Authors
KeywordsBowel Function
Human
Intestinal Metabolism
Inulin
Microbiota
Pentosan
Issue Date2003
PublisherElsevier Inc. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/nutres
Citation
Nutrition Research, 2003, v. 23 n. 11, p. 1503-1514 How to Cite?
AbstractThe effects of wheat pentosan and inulin on the metabolic activity of fecal microbiota and on bowel function were compared in healthy humans. In a parallel study 14 subjects consumed daily for three weeks 13 g of wheat pentosan or inulin baked in wheat bread. Activities of bacterial enzymes (β-glucuronidase, β-glucosidase, urease) and concentrations of bacterial metabolites (short chain fatty acids, phenol, p-cresol) in feces, bowel function and intestinal symptoms were measured at the beginning and end of the intervention period. Changes in most parameters studied were similar in subjects receiving pentosan or inulin bread, but pentosan increased total SCFA (P = 0.048) and butyrate (P = 0.009) concentrations in feces more than inulin. Pentosan also increased the occurrence of flatulence (P < 0.05). Pentosan appears to be more easily fermented than inulin, and due to the increase in the fecal butyrate concentration may have favourable effects on colonic health. © 2003 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/178849
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 2.523
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.171
ISI Accession Number ID
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorGråsten, Sen_US
dc.contributor.authorLiukkonen, KHen_US
dc.contributor.authorChrevatidis, Aen_US
dc.contributor.authorElNezami, Hen_US
dc.contributor.authorPoutanen, Ken_US
dc.contributor.authorMykkänen, Hen_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-12-19T09:50:08Z-
dc.date.available2012-12-19T09:50:08Z-
dc.date.issued2003en_US
dc.identifier.citationNutrition Research, 2003, v. 23 n. 11, p. 1503-1514en_US
dc.identifier.issn0271-5317en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/178849-
dc.description.abstractThe effects of wheat pentosan and inulin on the metabolic activity of fecal microbiota and on bowel function were compared in healthy humans. In a parallel study 14 subjects consumed daily for three weeks 13 g of wheat pentosan or inulin baked in wheat bread. Activities of bacterial enzymes (β-glucuronidase, β-glucosidase, urease) and concentrations of bacterial metabolites (short chain fatty acids, phenol, p-cresol) in feces, bowel function and intestinal symptoms were measured at the beginning and end of the intervention period. Changes in most parameters studied were similar in subjects receiving pentosan or inulin bread, but pentosan increased total SCFA (P = 0.048) and butyrate (P = 0.009) concentrations in feces more than inulin. Pentosan also increased the occurrence of flatulence (P < 0.05). Pentosan appears to be more easily fermented than inulin, and due to the increase in the fecal butyrate concentration may have favourable effects on colonic health. © 2003 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.en_US
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherElsevier Inc. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/nutresen_US
dc.relation.ispartofNutrition Researchen_US
dc.subjectBowel Functionen_US
dc.subjectHumanen_US
dc.subjectIntestinal Metabolismen_US
dc.subjectInulinen_US
dc.subjectMicrobiotaen_US
dc.subjectPentosanen_US
dc.titleEffects of wheat pentosan and inulin on the metabolic activity of fecal microbiota and on bowel function in healthy humansen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.emailElNezami, H: elnezami@hkucc.hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authorityElNezami, H=rp00694en_US
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltexten_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/S0271-5317(03)00164-7en_US
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-10744231343en_US
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-10744231343&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_US
dc.identifier.volume23en_US
dc.identifier.issue11en_US
dc.identifier.spage1503en_US
dc.identifier.epage1514en_US
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000186128000006-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Statesen_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridGråsten, S=6507401051en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLiukkonen, KH=6603516035en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridChrevatidis, A=6506152644en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridElNezami, H=6603690577en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridPoutanen, K=7004446742en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridMykkänen, H=7003915985en_US

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