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Article: Children's Emotional Manifestation Scale: Development and testing

TitleChildren's Emotional Manifestation Scale: Development and testing
Authors
Issue Date2005
PublisherWiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.wiley.com/bw/journal.asp?ref=0962-1067
Citation
Journal Of Clinical Nursing, 2005, v. 14 n. 2, p. 223-229 How to Cite?
AbstractAims and objectives. The objectives of this study were to develop an objective and operationalized behavioural observation scale that can be used to document children's emotional responses during stressful medical procedures, and to test the psychometric properties of this newly developed scale. Background. The availability of a valid and reliable instrument that accurately documents the manifestation of children's emotions prior to undergoing surgery or during stressful medical procedures is crucial before any intervention can be appropriately planned and evaluated. There is a lack of such an instrument with effective psychometric properties in the literature. Design. A cross-sectional study was employed. A convenience sample of 82 children admitted for day surgery was recruited in this study. Method. Based on systematic literature search, a number of observable emotional behaviours with different levels or intensities were identified. A panel of nurse experts was set up to review this finding and develop the scale. Intra-class correlation was used to estimate the inter-rater reliability coefficient. Internal consistency reliability was assessed by determining the Cronbach's alpha. Content validity was established by six nurse experts' ratings. The validity of the scale was also confirmed by convergent validity. Results. The results showed that there was adequate inter-rater reliability, high internal consistency reliability, good content validity and excellent convergent validity. Conclusions. This study has addressed a gap in the literature by developing an objective tool to document children's emotional responses during stressful medical procedure, which are under-researched in the literature. Relevance to clinical practice. The Children's Emotional Manifestation Scale was developed to provide a simple, objective and consistent method for nurses to document children's emotional behaviour during stressful medical procedures. Clinical nurses can also use this scale to evaluate preoperative interventions directed towards minimizing anxiety and bolstering coping mechanisms in children undergoing surgery.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/178274
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 1.384
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.755
ISI Accession Number ID
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorLi, HCWen_US
dc.contributor.authorLopez, Ven_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-12-19T09:44:57Z-
dc.date.available2012-12-19T09:44:57Z-
dc.date.issued2005en_US
dc.identifier.citationJournal Of Clinical Nursing, 2005, v. 14 n. 2, p. 223-229en_US
dc.identifier.issn0962-1067en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/178274-
dc.description.abstractAims and objectives. The objectives of this study were to develop an objective and operationalized behavioural observation scale that can be used to document children's emotional responses during stressful medical procedures, and to test the psychometric properties of this newly developed scale. Background. The availability of a valid and reliable instrument that accurately documents the manifestation of children's emotions prior to undergoing surgery or during stressful medical procedures is crucial before any intervention can be appropriately planned and evaluated. There is a lack of such an instrument with effective psychometric properties in the literature. Design. A cross-sectional study was employed. A convenience sample of 82 children admitted for day surgery was recruited in this study. Method. Based on systematic literature search, a number of observable emotional behaviours with different levels or intensities were identified. A panel of nurse experts was set up to review this finding and develop the scale. Intra-class correlation was used to estimate the inter-rater reliability coefficient. Internal consistency reliability was assessed by determining the Cronbach's alpha. Content validity was established by six nurse experts' ratings. The validity of the scale was also confirmed by convergent validity. Results. The results showed that there was adequate inter-rater reliability, high internal consistency reliability, good content validity and excellent convergent validity. Conclusions. This study has addressed a gap in the literature by developing an objective tool to document children's emotional responses during stressful medical procedure, which are under-researched in the literature. Relevance to clinical practice. The Children's Emotional Manifestation Scale was developed to provide a simple, objective and consistent method for nurses to document children's emotional behaviour during stressful medical procedures. Clinical nurses can also use this scale to evaluate preoperative interventions directed towards minimizing anxiety and bolstering coping mechanisms in children undergoing surgery.en_US
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherWiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.wiley.com/bw/journal.asp?ref=0962-1067en_US
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Clinical Nursingen_US
dc.subject.meshAmbulatory Surgical Procedures - Adverse Effects - Psychologyen_US
dc.subject.meshChilden_US
dc.subject.meshChild Behavioren_US
dc.subject.meshChild Psychologyen_US
dc.subject.meshCooperative Behavioren_US
dc.subject.meshCross-Sectional Studiesen_US
dc.subject.meshEmotionsen_US
dc.subject.meshFacial Expressionen_US
dc.subject.meshFemaleen_US
dc.subject.meshHong Kongen_US
dc.subject.meshHumansen_US
dc.subject.meshMaleen_US
dc.subject.meshNursing Assessment - Methodsen_US
dc.subject.meshNursing Evaluation Researchen_US
dc.subject.meshObserver Variationen_US
dc.subject.meshPsychiatric Status Rating Scales - Standardsen_US
dc.subject.meshPsychometricsen_US
dc.subject.meshSelection Biasen_US
dc.subject.meshSensitivity And Specificityen_US
dc.subject.meshSeverity Of Illness Indexen_US
dc.subject.meshStress, Psychological - Diagnosis - Etiology - Psychologyen_US
dc.subject.meshVerbal Behavioren_US
dc.titleChildren's Emotional Manifestation Scale: Development and testingen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.emailLi, HCW: william3@hkucc.hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authorityLi, HCW=rp00528en_US
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltexten_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1111/j.1365-2702.2004.01031.xen_US
dc.identifier.pmid15669931-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-13444257681en_US
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-13444257681&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_US
dc.identifier.volume14en_US
dc.identifier.issue2en_US
dc.identifier.spage223en_US
dc.identifier.epage229en_US
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000226512400010-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdomen_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLi, HCW=8973660200en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLopez, V=7103022537en_US
dc.identifier.citeulike82522-

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