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postgraduate thesis: Flow cytometric analysis of intra-platelet VASP for evaluation of clopidogrel resistance in ischemic heart disease patients undergoingpercutaneous coronary intervention

TitleFlow cytometric analysis of intra-platelet VASP for evaluation of clopidogrel resistance in ischemic heart disease patients undergoingpercutaneous coronary intervention
Authors
Issue Date2012
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Lam, L. [林立峰]. (2012). Flow cytometric analysis of intra-platelet VASP for evaluation of clopidogrel resistance in ischemic heart disease patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b4842120
AbstractIschemic heart disease (IHD) is the most common cause of death around the world. The underlying cause of IHD is myocardial ischemia as a result of progressive narrowing of coronary arteries due to atherosclerosis with potential thrombotic complications mediated by platelets. In addition to the role in hemostasis, platelets are increasingly recognized as an important mediator in this atherothrombotic disease. Basic management of IHD lies on medical therapy and coronary revascularization procedures. Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is a commonly used revascularization procedure in the treatment of IHD especially for relief and reduction of symptoms. On the other hand, antiplatelet therapy is often administrated to patients undergoing PCI in an attempt to prevent major adverse cardiac events (MACE) following the procedures. However not all patients respond to the same degree of the antiplatelet therapy and some still develop MACE or stent thrombosis in the presence of the treatment with antiplatelet drugs. Recently a flow cytometric-based assay has been developed to monitor the effect of the antiplatelet drug, particularly the P2Y12 receptor antagonist, in patients treated with this kind of drug. This assay measures the activity of platelets as platelet reactivity index (PRI) based on the phosphorylation state of an intracellular platelet protein called vasodilator stimulated phosphoprotein (VASP). The measured value of PRI is inversely related to the response of patient to the antiplatelet drug. In this study, the response of patients to the P2Y12 receptor antagonist Clopidogrel was investigated following PCI. The PRI of patients was found to be significantly lower than normal subjects without taking this drug, indicating the therapeutic effect of this drug on the patients. However nearly one-third of patients (17 out of 59) studied were found to be non-responsive to clopidogrel treatment based on a cut-off established in this study for classifying patients into responders or non-responders. Furthermore, significant difference between the two types of stents used in PCI procedure, namely bare metal stent (BMS) and drug eluting stent (DES), was observed in the study. Patients receiving DES had nearly three times higher percentage of being non-responsive to clopidogrel than the BMS counterpart (45% vs. 16%, p<0.028). This study provides evidence that DES may be implicated in the non-responsiveness or drug resistance of clopidogrel in patient undergoing PCI.
DegreeMaster of Medical Sciences
SubjectCardiovascular system - Diseases - Treatment.
Dept/ProgramPathology

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorLam, Lap-fung.-
dc.contributor.author林立峰.-
dc.date.issued2012-
dc.identifier.citationLam, L. [林立峰]. (2012). Flow cytometric analysis of intra-platelet VASP for evaluation of clopidogrel resistance in ischemic heart disease patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b4842120-
dc.description.abstractIschemic heart disease (IHD) is the most common cause of death around the world. The underlying cause of IHD is myocardial ischemia as a result of progressive narrowing of coronary arteries due to atherosclerosis with potential thrombotic complications mediated by platelets. In addition to the role in hemostasis, platelets are increasingly recognized as an important mediator in this atherothrombotic disease. Basic management of IHD lies on medical therapy and coronary revascularization procedures. Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is a commonly used revascularization procedure in the treatment of IHD especially for relief and reduction of symptoms. On the other hand, antiplatelet therapy is often administrated to patients undergoing PCI in an attempt to prevent major adverse cardiac events (MACE) following the procedures. However not all patients respond to the same degree of the antiplatelet therapy and some still develop MACE or stent thrombosis in the presence of the treatment with antiplatelet drugs. Recently a flow cytometric-based assay has been developed to monitor the effect of the antiplatelet drug, particularly the P2Y12 receptor antagonist, in patients treated with this kind of drug. This assay measures the activity of platelets as platelet reactivity index (PRI) based on the phosphorylation state of an intracellular platelet protein called vasodilator stimulated phosphoprotein (VASP). The measured value of PRI is inversely related to the response of patient to the antiplatelet drug. In this study, the response of patients to the P2Y12 receptor antagonist Clopidogrel was investigated following PCI. The PRI of patients was found to be significantly lower than normal subjects without taking this drug, indicating the therapeutic effect of this drug on the patients. However nearly one-third of patients (17 out of 59) studied were found to be non-responsive to clopidogrel treatment based on a cut-off established in this study for classifying patients into responders or non-responders. Furthermore, significant difference between the two types of stents used in PCI procedure, namely bare metal stent (BMS) and drug eluting stent (DES), was observed in the study. Patients receiving DES had nearly three times higher percentage of being non-responsive to clopidogrel than the BMS counterpart (45% vs. 16%, p<0.028). This study provides evidence that DES may be implicated in the non-responsiveness or drug resistance of clopidogrel in patient undergoing PCI.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.source.urihttp://hub.hku.hk/bib/B48421200-
dc.subject.lcshCardiovascular system - Diseases - Treatment.-
dc.titleFlow cytometric analysis of intra-platelet VASP for evaluation of clopidogrel resistance in ischemic heart disease patients undergoingpercutaneous coronary intervention-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb4842120-
dc.description.thesisnameMaster of Medical Sciences-
dc.description.thesislevelMaster-
dc.description.thesisdisciplinePathology-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b4842120-
dc.date.hkucongregation2012-

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