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Postgraduate Thesis: Night shift work and risk of breast cancer in women: a literature review
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TitleNight shift work and risk of breast cancer in women: a literature review
 
AuthorsCheng, Shuk-wai, Sherry.
鄭淑慧
 
Issue Date2011
 
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
 
AbstractBackground Night shift work is inevitable for maintaining continuous services in different sectors e.g. healthcare, financial, transport and service sectors. Night shift work increases exposure of light at night. Exposure of light at night suppresses production of a neurohormone melatonin. Melatonin has shown potential cancer protective action in animal experiments. Melatonin deficiency is suggested to be related to the development of various cancer especially breast cancer. Breast cancer incidence in Hong Kong is rising. Particular concern about association between night shift work and breast cancer is raised. Objective To collect evidence from studies of other countries with study populations of different professions and to evaluate the relationship between night shift work and breast cancer Method MEDLINE was searched to identify publications, limited to English articles, from 1973 to May 2011. Search terms include (circadian rhythm or night work or night shift or shift work or work schedule tolerance) and (cancer or neoplasm or neoplasia) and (risk or rate or incidence). No restriction was set to the publication type. Results Altogether 343 titles retrieved from MEDLINE search. Finally, 8 primary observational studies that met inclusion criteria were identified for this review. Of these, two were prospective cohort studies, one was retrospective cohort study, two were nested case-control studies and three were case-control studies. Most of the study had crude exposure assessment of night shift work, in which four studies relied on group level of exposure probability instead of individual exposure information. Six of eight studies showed positive results on the association of night shift work and breast cancer in women. Three studies found that risk of breast cancer was increased significantly for those who had engaged in night shift work in a long duration i.e. more than 20-30 years, but they were all conducted in populations of same occupational group i.e. nurse and only a moderate increase of breast cancer risk was found. The results were subject to confounding and bias. No consistent results were found for effect of shorter duration of night shift work on risk of breast cancer. Conclusion Based on the studies included, there is suggestive evidence of an association of night shift work and breast cancer. Further studies on this are needed. Involvement of population of different occupational groups, controlling confounder of hormone use and conducting exposure assessment with high reliability using individual information instead of that from group are suggested.
 
DegreeMaster of Public Health
 
SubjectShift systems - Health aspects.
Breast - Cancer - Risk factors.
 
Dept/ProgramCommunity Medicine
 
DC FieldValue
dc.contributor.authorCheng, Shuk-wai, Sherry.
 
dc.contributor.author鄭淑慧
 
dc.date.hkucongregation2012
 
dc.date.issued2011
 
dc.description.abstractBackground Night shift work is inevitable for maintaining continuous services in different sectors e.g. healthcare, financial, transport and service sectors. Night shift work increases exposure of light at night. Exposure of light at night suppresses production of a neurohormone melatonin. Melatonin has shown potential cancer protective action in animal experiments. Melatonin deficiency is suggested to be related to the development of various cancer especially breast cancer. Breast cancer incidence in Hong Kong is rising. Particular concern about association between night shift work and breast cancer is raised. Objective To collect evidence from studies of other countries with study populations of different professions and to evaluate the relationship between night shift work and breast cancer Method MEDLINE was searched to identify publications, limited to English articles, from 1973 to May 2011. Search terms include (circadian rhythm or night work or night shift or shift work or work schedule tolerance) and (cancer or neoplasm or neoplasia) and (risk or rate or incidence). No restriction was set to the publication type. Results Altogether 343 titles retrieved from MEDLINE search. Finally, 8 primary observational studies that met inclusion criteria were identified for this review. Of these, two were prospective cohort studies, one was retrospective cohort study, two were nested case-control studies and three were case-control studies. Most of the study had crude exposure assessment of night shift work, in which four studies relied on group level of exposure probability instead of individual exposure information. Six of eight studies showed positive results on the association of night shift work and breast cancer in women. Three studies found that risk of breast cancer was increased significantly for those who had engaged in night shift work in a long duration i.e. more than 20-30 years, but they were all conducted in populations of same occupational group i.e. nurse and only a moderate increase of breast cancer risk was found. The results were subject to confounding and bias. No consistent results were found for effect of shorter duration of night shift work on risk of breast cancer. Conclusion Based on the studies included, there is suggestive evidence of an association of night shift work and breast cancer. Further studies on this are needed. Involvement of population of different occupational groups, controlling confounder of hormone use and conducting exposure assessment with high reliability using individual information instead of that from group are suggested.
 
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version
 
dc.description.thesisdisciplineCommunity Medicine
 
dc.description.thesislevelmaster's
 
dc.description.thesisnameMaster of Public Health
 
dc.identifier.hkulb4756004
 
dc.languageeng
 
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
 
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)
 
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.
 
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License
 
dc.source.urihttp://hub.hku.hk/bib/B47560046
 
dc.subject.lcshShift systems - Health aspects.
 
dc.subject.lcshBreast - Cancer - Risk factors.
 
dc.titleNight shift work and risk of breast cancer in women: a literature review
 
dc.typePG_Thesis
 
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<item><contributor.author>Cheng, Shuk-wai, Sherry.</contributor.author>
<contributor.author>&#37165;&#28113;&#24935;</contributor.author>
<date.issued>2011</date.issued>
<description.abstract>&#65279;Background 

Night shift work is inevitable for maintaining continuous services in different sectors e.g. healthcare, financial, transport and service sectors. Night shift work increases exposure of light at night. Exposure of light at night suppresses production of a neurohormone melatonin. Melatonin has shown potential cancer protective action in animal experiments. Melatonin deficiency is suggested to be related to the development of various cancer especially breast cancer. Breast cancer incidence in Hong Kong is rising. Particular concern about association between night shift work and breast cancer is raised.

Objective 

To collect evidence from studies of other countries with study populations of different professions and to evaluate the relationship between night shift work and breast cancer 

Method 

MEDLINE was searched to identify publications, limited to English articles, from 1973 to May 2011. Search terms include (circadian rhythm or night work or night shift or shift work or work schedule tolerance) and (cancer or neoplasm or neoplasia) and (risk or rate or incidence). No restriction was set to the publication type. 

Results 

Altogether 343 titles retrieved from MEDLINE search. Finally, 8 primary observational studies that met inclusion criteria were identified for this review. Of these, two were prospective cohort studies, one was retrospective cohort study, two were nested case-control studies and three were case-control studies. 

Most of the study had crude exposure assessment of night shift work, in which four studies relied on group level of exposure probability instead of individual exposure information. Six of eight studies showed positive results on the association of night shift work and breast cancer in women. Three studies found that risk of breast cancer was increased significantly for those who had engaged in night shift work in a long duration i.e. more than 20-30 years, but they were all conducted in populations of same occupational group i.e. nurse and only a moderate increase of breast cancer risk was found. The results were subject to confounding and bias. No consistent results were found for effect of shorter duration of night shift work on risk of breast cancer. 

Conclusion 

Based on the studies included, there is suggestive evidence of an association of night shift work and breast cancer. Further studies on this are needed. Involvement of population of different occupational groups, controlling confounder of hormone use and conducting exposure assessment with high reliability using individual information instead of that from group are suggested.</description.abstract>
<language>eng</language>
<publisher>The University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)</publisher>
<relation.ispartof>HKU Theses Online (HKUTO)</relation.ispartof>
<rights>The author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.</rights>
<rights>Creative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License</rights>
<source.uri>http://hub.hku.hk/bib/B47560046</source.uri>
<subject.lcsh>Shift systems - Health aspects.</subject.lcsh>
<subject.lcsh>Breast - Cancer - Risk factors.</subject.lcsh>
<title>Night shift work and risk of breast cancer in women: a literature review</title>
<type>PG_Thesis</type>
<identifier.hkul>b4756004</identifier.hkul>
<description.thesisname>Master of Public Health</description.thesisname>
<description.thesislevel>master&apos;s</description.thesislevel>
<description.thesisdiscipline>Community Medicine</description.thesisdiscipline>
<description.nature>published_or_final_version</description.nature>
<date.hkucongregation>2012</date.hkucongregation>
<bitstream.url>http://hub.hku.hk/bitstream/10722/174428/1/FullText.pdf</bitstream.url>
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