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postgraduate thesis: Micro/nano-mechanics of cartilage with osteoarthritis

TitleMicro/nano-mechanics of cartilage with osteoarthritis
Authors
Advisors
Advisor(s):Tang, BLu, WW
Issue Date2011
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
AbstractThis study aimed to characterize the in-situ mechanical property and morphology of individual collagen fibril in osteoarthritic (OA) cartilage using indentation-type atomic force microscopy (IT-AFM). The specimens with intact articular cartilage (AC), mild to severe degenerated OA cartilage were collected with informed consent from the postmenopausal women who underwent hip or knee arthroplasty. The fresh specimens were cryo-sectioned by layers with 50m thick for each from the articular surface to calcified cartilage, and then processed for AFM imaging and nanoindentation test. For each layer, a total of twenty collagen fibrils were randomly selected for testing. AFM tips with the nominal radius less than 10 nm were employed for probing the individual collagen fibril, and the obtained cantilever deflection signal and displacement were recorded for calculating its elastic modulus. Besides AFM nanoindentation, AFM and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images, haematoxylin & eosin (H&E) staining and micro-indentation were performed on AC to study the changes of ultrastructure and composition between intact AC and OA cartilage. Results showed that an intact AC exhibited a gradation in elastic modulus of collagen fibrils from surface region (2.65±0.31GPa) to bottom region (3.70±0.44GPa). It was noted in the initial stage of OA cartilage that the coefficient of variation for mechanical properties of collagen fibers, ranging from 25~48%, significantly increased as compared with intact one (12%). The thickened and stiffened collagen fibrils initially occurred at either surface region (3.11±0.91GPa) or bottom region (5.64±1.10GPa) with OA progression. Besides thickens, alteration of D-periodic banding patterns of collagen fibrils was observed. It was echoed by fibrotic changes of surface region and tidemark irregularities. On the contrast, the micromechanical properties of cartilage decreased while AC suffered from OA. This result revealed the different approachs of nano and micro-mechanical properties changes in AC. In summary, the alteration of mechanical properties of collagen fibrils started from calcified cartilage as well as articular surface during OA onset, and the low compliance of thickened collagen fibrils deteriorated along disease progression. This study also reveals that the outstanding ability by AFM, in investigating the structure and mechanical properties of collagen fibrils and AC in nanometer scale, is impressive and this nanotechnological instrument is worth to be expected in further development for clinical use.
DegreeMaster of Philosophy
SubjectArticular cartilage.
Osteoarthritis - Treatment.
Collagen.
Dept/ProgramMechanical Engineering

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.advisorTang, B-
dc.contributor.advisorLu, WW-
dc.contributor.authorWu, Cheuk-bun, Benny.-
dc.contributor.author胡卓斌.-
dc.date.issued2011-
dc.description.abstractThis study aimed to characterize the in-situ mechanical property and morphology of individual collagen fibril in osteoarthritic (OA) cartilage using indentation-type atomic force microscopy (IT-AFM). The specimens with intact articular cartilage (AC), mild to severe degenerated OA cartilage were collected with informed consent from the postmenopausal women who underwent hip or knee arthroplasty. The fresh specimens were cryo-sectioned by layers with 50m thick for each from the articular surface to calcified cartilage, and then processed for AFM imaging and nanoindentation test. For each layer, a total of twenty collagen fibrils were randomly selected for testing. AFM tips with the nominal radius less than 10 nm were employed for probing the individual collagen fibril, and the obtained cantilever deflection signal and displacement were recorded for calculating its elastic modulus. Besides AFM nanoindentation, AFM and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images, haematoxylin & eosin (H&E) staining and micro-indentation were performed on AC to study the changes of ultrastructure and composition between intact AC and OA cartilage. Results showed that an intact AC exhibited a gradation in elastic modulus of collagen fibrils from surface region (2.65±0.31GPa) to bottom region (3.70±0.44GPa). It was noted in the initial stage of OA cartilage that the coefficient of variation for mechanical properties of collagen fibers, ranging from 25~48%, significantly increased as compared with intact one (12%). The thickened and stiffened collagen fibrils initially occurred at either surface region (3.11±0.91GPa) or bottom region (5.64±1.10GPa) with OA progression. Besides thickens, alteration of D-periodic banding patterns of collagen fibrils was observed. It was echoed by fibrotic changes of surface region and tidemark irregularities. On the contrast, the micromechanical properties of cartilage decreased while AC suffered from OA. This result revealed the different approachs of nano and micro-mechanical properties changes in AC. In summary, the alteration of mechanical properties of collagen fibrils started from calcified cartilage as well as articular surface during OA onset, and the low compliance of thickened collagen fibrils deteriorated along disease progression. This study also reveals that the outstanding ability by AFM, in investigating the structure and mechanical properties of collagen fibrils and AC in nanometer scale, is impressive and this nanotechnological instrument is worth to be expected in further development for clinical use.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.source.urihttp://hub.hku.hk/bib/B4732210X-
dc.subject.lcshArticular cartilage.-
dc.subject.lcshOsteoarthritis - Treatment.-
dc.subject.lcshCollagen.-
dc.titleMicro/nano-mechanics of cartilage with osteoarthritis-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb4732210-
dc.description.thesisnameMaster of Philosophy-
dc.description.thesislevelMaster-
dc.description.thesisdisciplineMechanical Engineering-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b4732210-
dc.date.hkucongregation2012-

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