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postgraduate thesis: All-fiber laser sources for fiber optical parametric amplifiers in 1 um

TitleAll-fiber laser sources for fiber optical parametric amplifiers in 1 um
Authors
Issue Date2011
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Li, Q. [李沁]. (2011). All-fiber laser sources for fiber optical parametric amplifiers in 1 um. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b4717589
AbstractFiber optical parametric amplifier (FOPA) is undoubtedly one of the most thriving research topics about optical amplifiers during the past decades. The high optical gain, arbitrary gain regions and wavelength conversion with large frequency shift make FOPA outstanding in diverse application areas like the high-speed all-optical communication, wavelength-tunable laser sources and optical imaging systems. Special fiber gain medium and proper pump source are two essential elements in an FOPA setup. As the research interest on FOPAs has recently gradually extended from the conventional 1.5-_m region to the shorter wavelength band at 1 μm, photonic crystal fibers (PCFs) act as the gain media by virtue of their customized dispersion curve and nonlinearity in this band. And the 1-mum laser sources incorporating ytterbium-doped fiber (YDF) as the gain medium have been investigated as well. We prefer all-fiber laser as the pump source not only because of its high output quality but also its compatibility with other fiber systems like FOPA. However, compared with 1.5-_m range, fiber lasers in 1-_m wavelength window have not been fully developed. Most of the laser sources reported in this wavelength range are not all-fiber base. For those few all-fiber reports, the tuning range of the pulsing wavelength is not wide enough, which might limit the performance of the FOPA. In this thesis, we have investigated tunable fiber lasers aiming at becoming the promising pump sources for 1-μm FOPAs. All-fiber lasers with different techniques and operation schemes based on the YDF have been discussed. Tunable ytterbium (Yb) fiber lasers with short pulsed output are important for pulsed-pumped FOPAs in 1 _m. Passive and active mode locking techniques are both commonly employed in short pulse generation. Passive mode-locking laser cavity usually works at the fundamental frequency of the cavity (?MHz) and has the potential to generate ultra-short pulse (? fs) due to its fast recovery time. On the other hand, active mode locking is more agile in terms of the repetition rate, which is synchronized with the external electrical signal. It can be as high as tens of GHz, which is useful for high-speed optical communication, and also can be as low as tens of MHz, which can benefit applications that require high peak power. For an all-fiber mode-locked laser based on YDF, the self-starting of the passive mode locking in 1 _m is more difficult than in 1.5 μm due to the large value of the normal material dispersion in optical fibers in this shorter wavelength range. In this thesis, we have focused on the active mode-locking cavity. Two schemes of actively mode-locked fiber lasers have be demonstrated. One is with a high repetition rate of about 10-GHz at around 1030 nm. The 30-nm tuning range is beneficial to the development of the wavelength-division multiplexing (WDM) technology in the newly developed 1-μm communication band. And on the basis of this scheme, another actively mode-locked fiber laser with a wider tuning range (almost 50 nm) have been achieved by optimizing the length of the YDF inside the cavity. Considering the applications like fiber sensing or spectroscopy where high peak power is more essential and also due to the limitation of our 980-nm pump power, the repetition rate has been lowered down to around 300 MHz in the second scheme. Tunable continuous-wave (CW) fiber lasers in 1 _m have also been discussed. For an all-fiber ring laser cavity, a stable CW output without mode-hopping can be achieved by selecting out single frequency. Various experimental configurations have been proposed for single-longitudinal-mode (SLM) oscillation. We have combined the multiple-ring cavity (MRC) and the saturable absorber in the same fiber laser cavity to facilitate the SLM generation in 1 _m. The tunable CW SLM fiber laser has the potential to build a sweeping source with instantaneous narrow linewidth for optical coherence tomography (OCT) in this range. It can also be utilized as the pump source for CW FOPAs, which is more immune from the walk-off effect between the pulsed pump and the signal, as long as the stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS) has been suppressed properly.
DegreeMaster of Philosophy
SubjectLasers.
Optical fibers.
Optical amplifiers.
Parametric devices.
Dept/ProgramElectrical and Electronic Engineering

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorLi, Qin-
dc.contributor.author李沁-
dc.date.issued2011-
dc.identifier.citationLi, Q. [李沁]. (2011). All-fiber laser sources for fiber optical parametric amplifiers in 1 um. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b4717589-
dc.description.abstractFiber optical parametric amplifier (FOPA) is undoubtedly one of the most thriving research topics about optical amplifiers during the past decades. The high optical gain, arbitrary gain regions and wavelength conversion with large frequency shift make FOPA outstanding in diverse application areas like the high-speed all-optical communication, wavelength-tunable laser sources and optical imaging systems. Special fiber gain medium and proper pump source are two essential elements in an FOPA setup. As the research interest on FOPAs has recently gradually extended from the conventional 1.5-_m region to the shorter wavelength band at 1 μm, photonic crystal fibers (PCFs) act as the gain media by virtue of their customized dispersion curve and nonlinearity in this band. And the 1-mum laser sources incorporating ytterbium-doped fiber (YDF) as the gain medium have been investigated as well. We prefer all-fiber laser as the pump source not only because of its high output quality but also its compatibility with other fiber systems like FOPA. However, compared with 1.5-_m range, fiber lasers in 1-_m wavelength window have not been fully developed. Most of the laser sources reported in this wavelength range are not all-fiber base. For those few all-fiber reports, the tuning range of the pulsing wavelength is not wide enough, which might limit the performance of the FOPA. In this thesis, we have investigated tunable fiber lasers aiming at becoming the promising pump sources for 1-μm FOPAs. All-fiber lasers with different techniques and operation schemes based on the YDF have been discussed. Tunable ytterbium (Yb) fiber lasers with short pulsed output are important for pulsed-pumped FOPAs in 1 _m. Passive and active mode locking techniques are both commonly employed in short pulse generation. Passive mode-locking laser cavity usually works at the fundamental frequency of the cavity (?MHz) and has the potential to generate ultra-short pulse (? fs) due to its fast recovery time. On the other hand, active mode locking is more agile in terms of the repetition rate, which is synchronized with the external electrical signal. It can be as high as tens of GHz, which is useful for high-speed optical communication, and also can be as low as tens of MHz, which can benefit applications that require high peak power. For an all-fiber mode-locked laser based on YDF, the self-starting of the passive mode locking in 1 _m is more difficult than in 1.5 μm due to the large value of the normal material dispersion in optical fibers in this shorter wavelength range. In this thesis, we have focused on the active mode-locking cavity. Two schemes of actively mode-locked fiber lasers have be demonstrated. One is with a high repetition rate of about 10-GHz at around 1030 nm. The 30-nm tuning range is beneficial to the development of the wavelength-division multiplexing (WDM) technology in the newly developed 1-μm communication band. And on the basis of this scheme, another actively mode-locked fiber laser with a wider tuning range (almost 50 nm) have been achieved by optimizing the length of the YDF inside the cavity. Considering the applications like fiber sensing or spectroscopy where high peak power is more essential and also due to the limitation of our 980-nm pump power, the repetition rate has been lowered down to around 300 MHz in the second scheme. Tunable continuous-wave (CW) fiber lasers in 1 _m have also been discussed. For an all-fiber ring laser cavity, a stable CW output without mode-hopping can be achieved by selecting out single frequency. Various experimental configurations have been proposed for single-longitudinal-mode (SLM) oscillation. We have combined the multiple-ring cavity (MRC) and the saturable absorber in the same fiber laser cavity to facilitate the SLM generation in 1 _m. The tunable CW SLM fiber laser has the potential to build a sweeping source with instantaneous narrow linewidth for optical coherence tomography (OCT) in this range. It can also be utilized as the pump source for CW FOPAs, which is more immune from the walk-off effect between the pulsed pump and the signal, as long as the stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS) has been suppressed properly.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.source.urihttp://hub.hku.hk/bib/B47175898-
dc.subject.lcshLasers.-
dc.subject.lcshOptical fibers.-
dc.subject.lcshOptical amplifiers.-
dc.subject.lcshParametric devices.-
dc.titleAll-fiber laser sources for fiber optical parametric amplifiers in 1 um-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb4717589-
dc.description.thesisnameMaster of Philosophy-
dc.description.thesislevelMaster-
dc.description.thesisdisciplineElectrical and Electronic Engineering-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b4717589-
dc.date.hkucongregation2012-

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