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postgraduate thesis: Neuroprotective strategies in a rat model of retinal detachment

TitleNeuroprotective strategies in a rat model of retinal detachment
Authors
Issue Date2012
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Woo, T. T. [胡德欣]. (2012). Neuroprotective strategies in a rat model of retinal detachment. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b4833491
AbstractRetinal detachment (RD) is a leading cause of blindness and although final surgical reattachment rate has greatly improved, visual outcome in many macula-off detachments is disappointing, mainly because of photoreceptor cell death. We previously showed that both lutein and Lycium barbarum polysaccharides (LBP) are neuroprotective in a rodent model of ischemia/reperfusion injury. The objective of this study is to investigate lutein and LBP as possible pharmacological adjuncts to surgery. Lutein: Subretinal injections of 1.4% sodium hyaluronate were used to induce RD in Sprague-Dawley rats until their retinae were approximately 70% detached. Daily injections of corn oil (control group) or 0.5mg/kg lutein in corn oil (treatment group) were given intraperitoneally starting 4 hours after RD induction. Animals were euthanized 3 days and 30 days after RD and their retinae were analyzed for photoreceptor apoptosis and cell survival at the outer nuclear layer (ONL) using TUNEL staining and cell counting on retinal sections. Glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and rhodopsin (RHO) expression were evaluated with immunohistochemistry. Western blotting was done with antibodies against cleaved caspase-3, cleaved caspase-8 and cleaved caspase-9 to delineate lutein’s mechanism of action in the apoptotic cascade. To seek a possible therapeutic time window, the same set of experiment was repeated with treatment commencing 36 hours after RD. When lutein was given 4 hours after RD, there was significantly fewer TUNELpositive cells in ONL 3 days after RD when compared with the vehicle group. Cell counting showed that there were significantly more nuclei in ONL in lutein-treated retinae by day 30. Treatment groups also showed significantly reduced GFAP immunoreactivity and preserved RHO expression. At day 3 after RD, Western blotting showed reduced expression of cleaved caspase-3 and cleaved caspase-8 in the treatment group. No difference was found for cleaved caspase-9. When lutein was given 36 hours after RD similar results were observed. Our results suggest that lutein is a potent neuroprotective agent that can salvage photoreceptors in rats with RD, with a therapeutic window of at least 36 hours. The use of lutein in patients with RD may serve as an adjunct to surgery to improve visual outcomes. LBP: The same RD model was used for the LBP experiment. Phosphate buffered solution (PBS) or LBP in PBS was given orally through a gavage at 1mg/kg and 10mg/kg concentrations. For this experiment, animals were sacrificed 7 days after RD, and only cell counting of the ONL and TUNEL staining were performed. Both sets of results did not produce statistically significant changes with the use of LBP. Our preliminary data for the effect of LBP on retinal detachment shows no significant beneficial effect.
DegreeMaster of Research in Medicine
SubjectNeuroprotective agents.
Lycium chinense - Therapeutic use.
Xanthophylls.
Retinal detachment.
Dept/ProgramMedicine

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorWoo, Tak-yunn, Tiffany.-
dc.contributor.author胡德欣.-
dc.date.issued2012-
dc.identifier.citationWoo, T. T. [胡德欣]. (2012). Neuroprotective strategies in a rat model of retinal detachment. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b4833491-
dc.description.abstractRetinal detachment (RD) is a leading cause of blindness and although final surgical reattachment rate has greatly improved, visual outcome in many macula-off detachments is disappointing, mainly because of photoreceptor cell death. We previously showed that both lutein and Lycium barbarum polysaccharides (LBP) are neuroprotective in a rodent model of ischemia/reperfusion injury. The objective of this study is to investigate lutein and LBP as possible pharmacological adjuncts to surgery. Lutein: Subretinal injections of 1.4% sodium hyaluronate were used to induce RD in Sprague-Dawley rats until their retinae were approximately 70% detached. Daily injections of corn oil (control group) or 0.5mg/kg lutein in corn oil (treatment group) were given intraperitoneally starting 4 hours after RD induction. Animals were euthanized 3 days and 30 days after RD and their retinae were analyzed for photoreceptor apoptosis and cell survival at the outer nuclear layer (ONL) using TUNEL staining and cell counting on retinal sections. Glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and rhodopsin (RHO) expression were evaluated with immunohistochemistry. Western blotting was done with antibodies against cleaved caspase-3, cleaved caspase-8 and cleaved caspase-9 to delineate lutein’s mechanism of action in the apoptotic cascade. To seek a possible therapeutic time window, the same set of experiment was repeated with treatment commencing 36 hours after RD. When lutein was given 4 hours after RD, there was significantly fewer TUNELpositive cells in ONL 3 days after RD when compared with the vehicle group. Cell counting showed that there were significantly more nuclei in ONL in lutein-treated retinae by day 30. Treatment groups also showed significantly reduced GFAP immunoreactivity and preserved RHO expression. At day 3 after RD, Western blotting showed reduced expression of cleaved caspase-3 and cleaved caspase-8 in the treatment group. No difference was found for cleaved caspase-9. When lutein was given 36 hours after RD similar results were observed. Our results suggest that lutein is a potent neuroprotective agent that can salvage photoreceptors in rats with RD, with a therapeutic window of at least 36 hours. The use of lutein in patients with RD may serve as an adjunct to surgery to improve visual outcomes. LBP: The same RD model was used for the LBP experiment. Phosphate buffered solution (PBS) or LBP in PBS was given orally through a gavage at 1mg/kg and 10mg/kg concentrations. For this experiment, animals were sacrificed 7 days after RD, and only cell counting of the ONL and TUNEL staining were performed. Both sets of results did not produce statistically significant changes with the use of LBP. Our preliminary data for the effect of LBP on retinal detachment shows no significant beneficial effect.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.source.urihttp://hub.hku.hk/bib/B48334911-
dc.subject.lcshNeuroprotective agents.-
dc.subject.lcshLycium chinense - Therapeutic use.-
dc.subject.lcshXanthophylls.-
dc.subject.lcshRetinal detachment.-
dc.titleNeuroprotective strategies in a rat model of retinal detachment-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb4833491-
dc.description.thesisnameMaster of Research in Medicine-
dc.description.thesislevelMaster-
dc.description.thesisdisciplineMedicine-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b4833491-
dc.date.hkucongregation2012-

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