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postgraduate thesis: Mutations of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) pathway genes andMET in primary lung adenocarcinoma

TitleMutations of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) pathway genes andMET in primary lung adenocarcinoma
Authors
Issue Date2012
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
AbstractThis study completed the analysis of mutational frequencies and clinicopathological patterns of six EGFR pathway-related genes (EGFR, HER2, HER4, KRAS, BRAF and MET) in 212 resected lung adenocarcinomas (AD) from 98 male and 114 female Chinese patients without prior chemotherapy or tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) therapy. Genomic DNA and cDNA sequencing, quantitative PCR and fluorescence in-situ hybridization (FISH) were employed to investigate mutation and amplification status of the relevant genes. Overall, more than 75% of tumours were detected to harbour mutations or amplification in one of these six genes. The commonest mutation was found to involve EGFR, comprising 60.38% of cases, followed by KRAS (9.43%), HER2 (2.36%), MET (2.36%), BRAF (1.42%) and HER4 (0.47%). Four somatic mutations in MET exon 14 splicing region were found, leading to alternative splicing and a transcript lacking exon 14. Two of the MET mutant tumours and one MET wild-type tumour showed MET amplification of more than 3.5 fold increase in copy number. Mutations of EGFR were significantly more frequent in female (p = 0.0196), non-smokers (p < 0.001) and well differentiated tumours (p = 0.0209). KRAS mutations showed significant association with male (p = 0.0099) and smoking history (p = 0.0011). A novel HER2 D769Y mutation was found and HER2 mutations were associated with smokers (p = 0.0013) and poorly differentiated tumours (p = 0.0147). BRAF, MET mutations and MET amplification were not associated with clinicopathological factors. Mutations were mutually exclusive except for two cases with KRAS and HER4/BRAF. MET amplification was co-existent with MET mutations in two cases. MET amplification was found to negatively correlate with disease-free and cancer-specific survivals. The results suggested that MET amplification may contribute to disease progression and could be a therapeutic target in primary lung AD in Hong Kong Chinese patients.
DegreeMaster of Medical Sciences
SubjectLungs - Cancer - Diagnosis.
Epidermal growth factor - Receptors.
Dept/ProgramPathology

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorHo, Ka-yan, Rebecca Lucinda.-
dc.contributor.author何嘉茵.-
dc.date.issued2012-
dc.description.abstractThis study completed the analysis of mutational frequencies and clinicopathological patterns of six EGFR pathway-related genes (EGFR, HER2, HER4, KRAS, BRAF and MET) in 212 resected lung adenocarcinomas (AD) from 98 male and 114 female Chinese patients without prior chemotherapy or tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) therapy. Genomic DNA and cDNA sequencing, quantitative PCR and fluorescence in-situ hybridization (FISH) were employed to investigate mutation and amplification status of the relevant genes. Overall, more than 75% of tumours were detected to harbour mutations or amplification in one of these six genes. The commonest mutation was found to involve EGFR, comprising 60.38% of cases, followed by KRAS (9.43%), HER2 (2.36%), MET (2.36%), BRAF (1.42%) and HER4 (0.47%). Four somatic mutations in MET exon 14 splicing region were found, leading to alternative splicing and a transcript lacking exon 14. Two of the MET mutant tumours and one MET wild-type tumour showed MET amplification of more than 3.5 fold increase in copy number. Mutations of EGFR were significantly more frequent in female (p = 0.0196), non-smokers (p < 0.001) and well differentiated tumours (p = 0.0209). KRAS mutations showed significant association with male (p = 0.0099) and smoking history (p = 0.0011). A novel HER2 D769Y mutation was found and HER2 mutations were associated with smokers (p = 0.0013) and poorly differentiated tumours (p = 0.0147). BRAF, MET mutations and MET amplification were not associated with clinicopathological factors. Mutations were mutually exclusive except for two cases with KRAS and HER4/BRAF. MET amplification was co-existent with MET mutations in two cases. MET amplification was found to negatively correlate with disease-free and cancer-specific survivals. The results suggested that MET amplification may contribute to disease progression and could be a therapeutic target in primary lung AD in Hong Kong Chinese patients.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.source.urihttp://hub.hku.hk/bib/B48333906-
dc.subject.lcshLungs - Cancer - Diagnosis.-
dc.subject.lcshEpidermal growth factor - Receptors.-
dc.titleMutations of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) pathway genes andMET in primary lung adenocarcinoma-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb4833390-
dc.description.thesisnameMaster of Medical Sciences-
dc.description.thesislevelMaster-
dc.description.thesisdisciplinePathology-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b4833390-
dc.date.hkucongregation2012-

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