File Download
 
 
Supplementary

Postgraduate Thesis: Plasma inflammatory biomarkers in stable COPD patients
  • Basic View
  • Metadata View
  • XML View
TitlePlasma inflammatory biomarkers in stable COPD patients
 
AuthorsChu, Ling-fung.
朱凌峯.
 
Issue Date2012
 
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
 
AbstractChronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is one of the world’s most common chronic diseases, and consists of chronic bronchitis that involves chronic inflammation of the bronchi, or emphysema that involves destruction of lung alveoli. In COPD patients, the airways become narrowed, and the airflow is irreversibly obstructed. This leads to a limitation of the flow of air to and from the lungs, causing shortness of breath (dyspnea), as well as abnormal inflammatory response in the lung. Nowadays, COPD is often under-diagnosed, as spirometry was not performed until patient has significant symptoms of dyspnea, cough and sputum production. At that stage, the COPD patients may have reached an advanced stage with considerable loss of lung function. Thus, biomarkers are of great interest for research and clinical purposes in COPD, especially for early diagnosis of COPD. In this study, the relationship between plasma levels of different biomarkers, including monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP)-1 (a primary chemoattractant biomarker), matrix metalloproteinase nine (MMP)-9, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) (injury and repair biomarkers), and growth differentiation factor 15 (GDF)-15 (a novel biomarker), in 29 healthy ever-smokers and 116 COPD patients was investigated using commercially available enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits. We also investigated the correlations between these biomarkers and lung function. There were significant increases in plasma MCP-1, MMP-9, HGF and GDF-15 in COPD patients compared to healthy smokers. Among ever-smokers with or without COPD, plasma MCP-1, MMP-9 and HGF levels were inversely correlated with force expiratory volume in one second![FEV1 (% predicted)] after adjustment for age, smoking status and packyears smoked. Correlation was also found between plasma MCP-1 and HGF, plasma MMP-9 and HGF or GDF-15, plasma HGF and GDF-15 after adjustment for age, smoking status and pack-years smoked. Further multiple linear regression analyses demonstrated that plasma MMP-9 level increased with the COPD GOLD stages. In conclusion, our findings suggest that MMP-9 might be as an important biomarker for COPD initiation and progression. As this study provides only evidence of association rather than of causation, prospective studies are required to assess biological significance of these associations between the plasma biomarkers.
 
DegreeMaster of Medical Sciences
 
SubjectLungs - Diseases, Obstructive - Diagnosis.
Biochemical markers.
 
Dept/ProgramMedicine
 
DC FieldValue
dc.contributor.authorChu, Ling-fung.
 
dc.contributor.author朱凌峯.
 
dc.date.hkucongregation2012
 
dc.date.issued2012
 
dc.description.abstractChronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is one of the world’s most common chronic diseases, and consists of chronic bronchitis that involves chronic inflammation of the bronchi, or emphysema that involves destruction of lung alveoli. In COPD patients, the airways become narrowed, and the airflow is irreversibly obstructed. This leads to a limitation of the flow of air to and from the lungs, causing shortness of breath (dyspnea), as well as abnormal inflammatory response in the lung. Nowadays, COPD is often under-diagnosed, as spirometry was not performed until patient has significant symptoms of dyspnea, cough and sputum production. At that stage, the COPD patients may have reached an advanced stage with considerable loss of lung function. Thus, biomarkers are of great interest for research and clinical purposes in COPD, especially for early diagnosis of COPD. In this study, the relationship between plasma levels of different biomarkers, including monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP)-1 (a primary chemoattractant biomarker), matrix metalloproteinase nine (MMP)-9, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) (injury and repair biomarkers), and growth differentiation factor 15 (GDF)-15 (a novel biomarker), in 29 healthy ever-smokers and 116 COPD patients was investigated using commercially available enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits. We also investigated the correlations between these biomarkers and lung function. There were significant increases in plasma MCP-1, MMP-9, HGF and GDF-15 in COPD patients compared to healthy smokers. Among ever-smokers with or without COPD, plasma MCP-1, MMP-9 and HGF levels were inversely correlated with force expiratory volume in one second![FEV1 (% predicted)] after adjustment for age, smoking status and packyears smoked. Correlation was also found between plasma MCP-1 and HGF, plasma MMP-9 and HGF or GDF-15, plasma HGF and GDF-15 after adjustment for age, smoking status and pack-years smoked. Further multiple linear regression analyses demonstrated that plasma MMP-9 level increased with the COPD GOLD stages. In conclusion, our findings suggest that MMP-9 might be as an important biomarker for COPD initiation and progression. As this study provides only evidence of association rather than of causation, prospective studies are required to assess biological significance of these associations between the plasma biomarkers.
 
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version
 
dc.description.thesisdisciplineMedicine
 
dc.description.thesislevelmaster's
 
dc.description.thesisnameMaster of Medical Sciences
 
dc.identifier.hkulb4833368
 
dc.languageeng
 
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
 
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)
 
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.
 
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License
 
dc.source.urihttp://hub.hku.hk/bib/B48333682
 
dc.subject.lcshLungs - Diseases, Obstructive - Diagnosis.
 
dc.subject.lcshBiochemical markers.
 
dc.titlePlasma inflammatory biomarkers in stable COPD patients
 
dc.typePG_Thesis
 
<?xml encoding="utf-8" version="1.0"?>
<item><contributor.author>Chu, Ling-fung.</contributor.author>
<contributor.author>&#26417;&#20940;&#23791;.</contributor.author>
<date.issued>2012</date.issued>
<description.abstract>&#65279;Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is one of the world&#8217;s most common chronic diseases, and consists of chronic bronchitis that involves chronic inflammation of the bronchi, or emphysema that involves destruction of lung alveoli. In COPD patients, the airways become narrowed, and the airflow is irreversibly obstructed. This leads to a limitation of the flow of air to and from the lungs, causing shortness of breath (dyspnea), as well as abnormal inflammatory response in the lung. Nowadays, COPD is often under-diagnosed, as spirometry was not performed until patient has significant symptoms of dyspnea, cough and sputum production. At that stage, the COPD patients may have reached an advanced stage with considerable loss of lung function. Thus, biomarkers are of great interest for research and clinical purposes in COPD, especially for early diagnosis of COPD.



In this study, the relationship between plasma levels of different biomarkers, including monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP)-1 (a primary chemoattractant biomarker), matrix metalloproteinase nine (MMP)-9, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) (injury and repair biomarkers), and growth differentiation factor 15 (GDF)-15 (a novel biomarker), in 29 healthy ever-smokers and 116 COPD patients was investigated using commercially available enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits. We also investigated the correlations between these biomarkers and lung function. There were significant increases in plasma MCP-1, MMP-9, HGF and GDF-15 in COPD patients compared to healthy smokers. Among ever-smokers with or without COPD, plasma MCP-1, MMP-9 and HGF levels were inversely correlated with force expiratory volume in one second![FEV1 (% predicted)] after adjustment for age, smoking status and packyears smoked. Correlation was also found between plasma MCP-1 and HGF, plasma MMP-9 and HGF or GDF-15, plasma HGF and GDF-15 after adjustment for age, smoking status and pack-years smoked. Further multiple linear regression analyses demonstrated that plasma MMP-9 level increased with the COPD GOLD stages.



In conclusion, our findings suggest that MMP-9 might be as an important biomarker for COPD initiation and progression. As this study provides only evidence of association rather than of causation, prospective studies are required to assess biological significance of these associations between the plasma biomarkers.</description.abstract>
<language>eng</language>
<publisher>The University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)</publisher>
<relation.ispartof>HKU Theses Online (HKUTO)</relation.ispartof>
<rights>The author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.</rights>
<rights>Creative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License</rights>
<source.uri>http://hub.hku.hk/bib/B48333682</source.uri>
<subject.lcsh>Lungs - Diseases, Obstructive - Diagnosis.</subject.lcsh>
<subject.lcsh>Biochemical markers.</subject.lcsh>
<title>Plasma inflammatory biomarkers in stable COPD patients</title>
<type>PG_Thesis</type>
<identifier.hkul>b4833368</identifier.hkul>
<description.thesisname>Master of Medical Sciences</description.thesisname>
<description.thesislevel>master&apos;s</description.thesislevel>
<description.thesisdiscipline>Medicine</description.thesisdiscipline>
<description.nature>published_or_final_version</description.nature>
<date.hkucongregation>2012</date.hkucongregation>
<bitstream.url>http://hub.hku.hk/bitstream/10722/173944/1/FullText.pdf</bitstream.url>
</item>