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postgraduate thesis: Plasma inflammatory biomarkers in stable COPD patients

TitlePlasma inflammatory biomarkers in stable COPD patients
Authors
Issue Date2012
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
AbstractChronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is one of the world’s most common chronic diseases, and consists of chronic bronchitis that involves chronic inflammation of the bronchi, or emphysema that involves destruction of lung alveoli. In COPD patients, the airways become narrowed, and the airflow is irreversibly obstructed. This leads to a limitation of the flow of air to and from the lungs, causing shortness of breath (dyspnea), as well as abnormal inflammatory response in the lung. Nowadays, COPD is often under-diagnosed, as spirometry was not performed until patient has significant symptoms of dyspnea, cough and sputum production. At that stage, the COPD patients may have reached an advanced stage with considerable loss of lung function. Thus, biomarkers are of great interest for research and clinical purposes in COPD, especially for early diagnosis of COPD. In this study, the relationship between plasma levels of different biomarkers, including monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP)-1 (a primary chemoattractant biomarker), matrix metalloproteinase nine (MMP)-9, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) (injury and repair biomarkers), and growth differentiation factor 15 (GDF)-15 (a novel biomarker), in 29 healthy ever-smokers and 116 COPD patients was investigated using commercially available enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits. We also investigated the correlations between these biomarkers and lung function. There were significant increases in plasma MCP-1, MMP-9, HGF and GDF-15 in COPD patients compared to healthy smokers. Among ever-smokers with or without COPD, plasma MCP-1, MMP-9 and HGF levels were inversely correlated with force expiratory volume in one second![FEV1 (% predicted)] after adjustment for age, smoking status and packyears smoked. Correlation was also found between plasma MCP-1 and HGF, plasma MMP-9 and HGF or GDF-15, plasma HGF and GDF-15 after adjustment for age, smoking status and pack-years smoked. Further multiple linear regression analyses demonstrated that plasma MMP-9 level increased with the COPD GOLD stages. In conclusion, our findings suggest that MMP-9 might be as an important biomarker for COPD initiation and progression. As this study provides only evidence of association rather than of causation, prospective studies are required to assess biological significance of these associations between the plasma biomarkers.
DegreeMaster of Medical Sciences
SubjectLungs - Diseases, Obstructive - Diagnosis.
Biochemical markers.
Dept/ProgramMedicine

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorChu, Ling-fung.-
dc.contributor.author朱凌峯.-
dc.date.issued2012-
dc.description.abstractChronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is one of the world’s most common chronic diseases, and consists of chronic bronchitis that involves chronic inflammation of the bronchi, or emphysema that involves destruction of lung alveoli. In COPD patients, the airways become narrowed, and the airflow is irreversibly obstructed. This leads to a limitation of the flow of air to and from the lungs, causing shortness of breath (dyspnea), as well as abnormal inflammatory response in the lung. Nowadays, COPD is often under-diagnosed, as spirometry was not performed until patient has significant symptoms of dyspnea, cough and sputum production. At that stage, the COPD patients may have reached an advanced stage with considerable loss of lung function. Thus, biomarkers are of great interest for research and clinical purposes in COPD, especially for early diagnosis of COPD. In this study, the relationship between plasma levels of different biomarkers, including monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP)-1 (a primary chemoattractant biomarker), matrix metalloproteinase nine (MMP)-9, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) (injury and repair biomarkers), and growth differentiation factor 15 (GDF)-15 (a novel biomarker), in 29 healthy ever-smokers and 116 COPD patients was investigated using commercially available enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits. We also investigated the correlations between these biomarkers and lung function. There were significant increases in plasma MCP-1, MMP-9, HGF and GDF-15 in COPD patients compared to healthy smokers. Among ever-smokers with or without COPD, plasma MCP-1, MMP-9 and HGF levels were inversely correlated with force expiratory volume in one second![FEV1 (% predicted)] after adjustment for age, smoking status and packyears smoked. Correlation was also found between plasma MCP-1 and HGF, plasma MMP-9 and HGF or GDF-15, plasma HGF and GDF-15 after adjustment for age, smoking status and pack-years smoked. Further multiple linear regression analyses demonstrated that plasma MMP-9 level increased with the COPD GOLD stages. In conclusion, our findings suggest that MMP-9 might be as an important biomarker for COPD initiation and progression. As this study provides only evidence of association rather than of causation, prospective studies are required to assess biological significance of these associations between the plasma biomarkers.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.source.urihttp://hub.hku.hk/bib/B48333682-
dc.subject.lcshLungs - Diseases, Obstructive - Diagnosis.-
dc.subject.lcshBiochemical markers.-
dc.titlePlasma inflammatory biomarkers in stable COPD patients-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb4833368-
dc.description.thesisnameMaster of Medical Sciences-
dc.description.thesislevelMaster-
dc.description.thesisdisciplineMedicine-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b4833368-
dc.date.hkucongregation2012-

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