File Download
  Links for fulltext
     (May Require Subscription)
Supplementary

postgraduate thesis: Mechanisms of thermally stabilizing copper and zinc waste in ceramic matrix

TitleMechanisms of thermally stabilizing copper and zinc waste in ceramic matrix
Authors
Advisors
Advisor(s):Shih, K
Issue Date2012
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Tang, Y. [唐圆圆]. (2012). Mechanisms of thermally stabilizing copper and zinc waste in ceramic matrix. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b4832964
AbstractThis study proposed and evaluated a waste-to-resource strategy for beneficially using solid waste as ceramic raw materials. The sludge generated from waterworks and sewage treatment processes contains significant amounts of aluminum and iron, and the industrial sludge is enriched with high metal content. The hazardous metals in waste sludge may lead to metal bioaccumulation and cause adverse effects for ecosystem. This study aims to stabilize copper- and zinc-laden sludge in commonly available ceramic products, and to beneficially use waterworks and sewage sludge to incorporate waste metals. The study was first investigated by sintering simulated metal-laden sludge with Al-rich (γ-Al2O3, -Al2O3, kaolinite, mullite) and Fe-rich (Fe2O3) precursors. Secondly, the practicability of recycling Cu-bearing electroplating sludge as a part of ceramic raw materials was evaluated through thermal interaction with Al-rich precursors. Furthermore, the potential of using water and sewage treatment works sludge to stabilize metals were also examined. Sintering procedures were carried out within 650-1450 oC for 3 h, and phase transformations were studied using X-ray diffraction (XRD) with the quantification technique of Rietveld refinement analysis. The formation of CuAl2O4 spinel was initiated at 650 oC using γ-Al2O3, and the maximum copper transformation reached 80%. The copper incorporation into CuAl2O4 started at 850 oC and reached 95% in -Al2O3 system. The growth of CuAl2O4 was found at 750 oC using kaolinite, but at 900 oC in mullite system. The maximum copper transformation for both kaolinite and mullite reached ~80%. With CuAl2O4, decomposing, the formation of CuAlO2 predominated in alumina systems, but CuO and Cu2O were found in kaolinite and mullite systems. When using Fe2O3, the CuFe2O4 with tetragonal structure was observed at lower temperatures, and the cubic CuFe2O4 became predominant at 1000 oC. The formation of ZnAl2O4 spinel started at 750 oC in γ-Al2O3 system and at 950 oC in -Al2O3 system, respectively. The zinc transformation completed in both γ-Al2O3 and -Al2O3 systems at higher temperatures. The coexistence and competition between ZnAl2O4 and Zn2SiO4 were found using kaolinite and mullite. The increase of temperature to 1350 °C resulted in complete zinc transformation to ZnAl2O4 in mullite system. Through leaching tests, aluminates and ferrites were found to be superior to oxide and silicate phases in immobilizing hazardous metals. The leachates of aluminates and ferrites exhibited the behavior of incongruent dissolution, and the Zn2SiO4 leachate showed congruent dissolution. The CuAl2O4 spinel was observed when sintering Cu-laden electroplating sludge with aluminate precursors. The copper leachability decreased with CuAl2O4 developing and the lowest copper concentration in leachates was within the optimal temperature range for CuAl2O4 generation. Both copper and zinc were successfully incorporated into the spinel structure using waterworks sludge, and the cubic CuFe2O4 became the main component when using sewage sludge to stabilize copper. Overall, this study demonstrated a promising process to stabilize hazardous metals in waste materials, such as sludge, ash, and slag, through sintering with the inexpensive ceramic precursors. This may provide an avenue for economically reduce the environmental hazards of toxic metals by reliably blending them into the marketable ceramic products.
DegreeDoctor of Philosophy
SubjectHazardous wastes - Stabilization.
Metal wastes.
Ceramic-matrix composites.
Dept/ProgramCivil Engineering

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.advisorShih, K-
dc.contributor.authorTang, Yuanyuan-
dc.contributor.author唐圆圆-
dc.date.issued2012-
dc.identifier.citationTang, Y. [唐圆圆]. (2012). Mechanisms of thermally stabilizing copper and zinc waste in ceramic matrix. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b4832964-
dc.description.abstractThis study proposed and evaluated a waste-to-resource strategy for beneficially using solid waste as ceramic raw materials. The sludge generated from waterworks and sewage treatment processes contains significant amounts of aluminum and iron, and the industrial sludge is enriched with high metal content. The hazardous metals in waste sludge may lead to metal bioaccumulation and cause adverse effects for ecosystem. This study aims to stabilize copper- and zinc-laden sludge in commonly available ceramic products, and to beneficially use waterworks and sewage sludge to incorporate waste metals. The study was first investigated by sintering simulated metal-laden sludge with Al-rich (γ-Al2O3, -Al2O3, kaolinite, mullite) and Fe-rich (Fe2O3) precursors. Secondly, the practicability of recycling Cu-bearing electroplating sludge as a part of ceramic raw materials was evaluated through thermal interaction with Al-rich precursors. Furthermore, the potential of using water and sewage treatment works sludge to stabilize metals were also examined. Sintering procedures were carried out within 650-1450 oC for 3 h, and phase transformations were studied using X-ray diffraction (XRD) with the quantification technique of Rietveld refinement analysis. The formation of CuAl2O4 spinel was initiated at 650 oC using γ-Al2O3, and the maximum copper transformation reached 80%. The copper incorporation into CuAl2O4 started at 850 oC and reached 95% in -Al2O3 system. The growth of CuAl2O4 was found at 750 oC using kaolinite, but at 900 oC in mullite system. The maximum copper transformation for both kaolinite and mullite reached ~80%. With CuAl2O4, decomposing, the formation of CuAlO2 predominated in alumina systems, but CuO and Cu2O were found in kaolinite and mullite systems. When using Fe2O3, the CuFe2O4 with tetragonal structure was observed at lower temperatures, and the cubic CuFe2O4 became predominant at 1000 oC. The formation of ZnAl2O4 spinel started at 750 oC in γ-Al2O3 system and at 950 oC in -Al2O3 system, respectively. The zinc transformation completed in both γ-Al2O3 and -Al2O3 systems at higher temperatures. The coexistence and competition between ZnAl2O4 and Zn2SiO4 were found using kaolinite and mullite. The increase of temperature to 1350 °C resulted in complete zinc transformation to ZnAl2O4 in mullite system. Through leaching tests, aluminates and ferrites were found to be superior to oxide and silicate phases in immobilizing hazardous metals. The leachates of aluminates and ferrites exhibited the behavior of incongruent dissolution, and the Zn2SiO4 leachate showed congruent dissolution. The CuAl2O4 spinel was observed when sintering Cu-laden electroplating sludge with aluminate precursors. The copper leachability decreased with CuAl2O4 developing and the lowest copper concentration in leachates was within the optimal temperature range for CuAl2O4 generation. Both copper and zinc were successfully incorporated into the spinel structure using waterworks sludge, and the cubic CuFe2O4 became the main component when using sewage sludge to stabilize copper. Overall, this study demonstrated a promising process to stabilize hazardous metals in waste materials, such as sludge, ash, and slag, through sintering with the inexpensive ceramic precursors. This may provide an avenue for economically reduce the environmental hazards of toxic metals by reliably blending them into the marketable ceramic products.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.source.urihttp://hub.hku.hk/bib/B48329642-
dc.subject.lcshHazardous wastes - Stabilization.-
dc.subject.lcshMetal wastes.-
dc.subject.lcshCeramic-matrix composites.-
dc.titleMechanisms of thermally stabilizing copper and zinc waste in ceramic matrix-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb4832964-
dc.description.thesisnameDoctor of Philosophy-
dc.description.thesislevelDoctoral-
dc.description.thesisdisciplineCivil Engineering-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b4832964-
dc.date.hkucongregation2012-

Export via OAI-PMH Interface in XML Formats


OR


Export to Other Non-XML Formats