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Article: Depression literacy among Australians of Chinese-speaking background in Melbourne, Australia

TitleDepression literacy among Australians of Chinese-speaking background in Melbourne, Australia
Authors
Issue Date2010
PublisherBioMed Central Ltd. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.biomedcentral.com/bmcpsychiatr/
Citation
Bmc Psychiatry, 2010, v. 10 How to Cite?
AbstractBackground: This study investigated the knowledge of depression and preference for professional help, medications and treatment methods among Australians of Chinese-speaking background, and the perceptions of this population of the causes of mental illness.Methods: Adopting a cluster convenience sampling method, the study recruited 200 Chinese-speaking subjects from four major areas in metropolitan Melbourne where many Chinese live. The respondents were presented with a vignette describing an individual with depression and then asked questions to assess their understanding of depression and preference for professional help, medications and treatment methods. A comparative approach was used to compare the findings with those of a previous study of the mental health literacy of Australian and Japanese adults.Results: Compared to the Australian and Japanese samples, a much lower percentage of Chinese-speaking Australians (14%) could correctly identify major depression described in the vignette, and a higher percentage believed that counseling professionals could be helpful. Higher percentages of those who believed that close family members could be helpful were found in the Chinese-speaking Australian and Japanese samples, and these two groups also expressed more uncertainty about the usefulness or harmfulness of certain medications compared to the Australian sample. Higher percentages of respondents in both the Chinese-speaking Australian and the Australian sample considered "lifestyle changes" to be helpful compared to the Japanese sample. In the Chinese-speaking sample, 30%, 17.4%, 33% and 27% of the respondents rated "traditional Chinese medicine doctors," "Chinese herbal medications," "taking Chinese nutritional foods/supplements" and "qiqong" as helpful. Many perceived "changing fungshui" and "traditional Chinese worship" to be harmful. Regarding the perception of causes of mental illness, items related to psychosocial perspectives including "life stress" and "interpersonal conflict" were rated highly by the respondents, whereas traditional beliefs including "punishment for misdeeds conducted by ancestors" and "demon possession" had the lowest ratings.Conclusions: Campaigns to increase the mental health literacy of Chinese-speaking Australians are needed. The abovementioned socially and culturally driven beliefs need to be taken into consideration in the development of culturally relevant education programs. © 2010 Wong et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/172229
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 2.576
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.307
ISI Accession Number ID
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorWong, FKDen_US
dc.contributor.authorLam, YKAen_US
dc.contributor.authorPoon, Aen_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-10-30T06:20:49Z-
dc.date.available2012-10-30T06:20:49Z-
dc.date.issued2010en_US
dc.identifier.citationBmc Psychiatry, 2010, v. 10en_US
dc.identifier.issn1471-244Xen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/172229-
dc.description.abstractBackground: This study investigated the knowledge of depression and preference for professional help, medications and treatment methods among Australians of Chinese-speaking background, and the perceptions of this population of the causes of mental illness.Methods: Adopting a cluster convenience sampling method, the study recruited 200 Chinese-speaking subjects from four major areas in metropolitan Melbourne where many Chinese live. The respondents were presented with a vignette describing an individual with depression and then asked questions to assess their understanding of depression and preference for professional help, medications and treatment methods. A comparative approach was used to compare the findings with those of a previous study of the mental health literacy of Australian and Japanese adults.Results: Compared to the Australian and Japanese samples, a much lower percentage of Chinese-speaking Australians (14%) could correctly identify major depression described in the vignette, and a higher percentage believed that counseling professionals could be helpful. Higher percentages of those who believed that close family members could be helpful were found in the Chinese-speaking Australian and Japanese samples, and these two groups also expressed more uncertainty about the usefulness or harmfulness of certain medications compared to the Australian sample. Higher percentages of respondents in both the Chinese-speaking Australian and the Australian sample considered "lifestyle changes" to be helpful compared to the Japanese sample. In the Chinese-speaking sample, 30%, 17.4%, 33% and 27% of the respondents rated "traditional Chinese medicine doctors," "Chinese herbal medications," "taking Chinese nutritional foods/supplements" and "qiqong" as helpful. Many perceived "changing fungshui" and "traditional Chinese worship" to be harmful. Regarding the perception of causes of mental illness, items related to psychosocial perspectives including "life stress" and "interpersonal conflict" were rated highly by the respondents, whereas traditional beliefs including "punishment for misdeeds conducted by ancestors" and "demon possession" had the lowest ratings.Conclusions: Campaigns to increase the mental health literacy of Chinese-speaking Australians are needed. The abovementioned socially and culturally driven beliefs need to be taken into consideration in the development of culturally relevant education programs. © 2010 Wong et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.en_US
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherBioMed Central Ltd. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.biomedcentral.com/bmcpsychiatr/en_US
dc.relation.ispartofBMC Psychiatryen_US
dc.titleDepression literacy among Australians of Chinese-speaking background in Melbourne, Australiaen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.emailWong, FKD: dfkwong@hkucc.hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authorityWong, FKD=rp00593en_US
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltexten_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1186/1471-244X-10-7en_US
dc.identifier.pmid20082724-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-77249168833en_US
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-77249168833&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_US
dc.identifier.volume10en_US
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000275670800001-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdomen_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridWong, FKD=35231716600en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLam, YKA=33068137400en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridPoon, A=33068355500en_US
dc.identifier.citeulike6563345-

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