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Article: Prevalence of childhood asthma, allergic rhinitis and eczema in Urumqi and Beijing

TitlePrevalence of childhood asthma, allergic rhinitis and eczema in Urumqi and Beijing
Authors
KeywordsAllergic thiniris
Allergy
Asthma
Childhood
China
Eczema
Epidemiology
ISAAC
Issue Date2000
PublisherBlackwell Publishing Asia. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/journals/JPC
Citation
Journal Of Paediatrics And Child Health, 2000, v. 36 n. 2, p. 128-133 How to Cite?
AbstractObjective: To assess the prevalence of asthma and other allergies in children in Urumqi and Beijing, compared with that in Hong Kong. Methods: A total of 7754 primary school students were randomly selected to participate in the study. Data were collected in 1995-96 using the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) protocol for 6- and 7-year-olds. The study design and data quality assurance in all aspects followed the protocol, including the double entry of data. Results: The questionnaire response rate was high (98.9%). Beijing children reported significantly more asthma than those living in Urumqi in three categories: wheezing or whistling in the chest in the past year (6.0%, 95% confidence interval (CI): 5.1-6.9% vs 2.9%. 2.3-3.5%. P < 0.001), sleeping disturbed due to wheezing (1.3%, 0.9- 1.7% vs 0.6%, 0.3-0.9%, P < 0.03) and having experienced asthma ever (10.7%, 9.6-11.8% vs 7.6%. 6.6-8.6%, P < 0.001). The prevalence of allergic thiniris (30.0% vs 31.1% estimated as 12-month nasal symptoms in Beijing and Urumqi, respectively) and eczema (2.8% vs 2.0% recorded as 12-month itchy rash) in the two cities were not significantly different. A similar study was also performed in Hong Kong in 1995 using the same ISAAC protocol. The children in Urumqi and Beijing had fewer (P < 0.05) allergic symptoms compared to those living in Hong Kong (n = 3618). The 12-month prevalence of wheezing, nasal symptoms and itchy rash found in Hong Kong were 9.2% (95% CI: 8.2-10.2%), 35.1% (33.5-36.7%) and 4.2% (3.5-4.9%), respectively. Conclusion: Urumqi, Beijing and Hong Kong represent communities at different stages of westernization and the results from these three cities reflect a worldwide trend for an increasing prevalence of allergies along with westernization. These three cities could assist in identifying risk factors involved in the increase in asthma, allergic thiniris and eczema.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/170303
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 1.477
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.692
ISI Accession Number ID
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorZhao, TBen_HK
dc.contributor.authorWang, HJen_HK
dc.contributor.authorChen, YZen_HK
dc.contributor.authorXiao, MLen_HK
dc.contributor.authorDuo, LKen_HK
dc.contributor.authorLiu, Gen_HK
dc.contributor.authorLau, YLen_HK
dc.contributor.authorKarlberg, Jen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2012-10-30T06:07:21Z-
dc.date.available2012-10-30T06:07:21Z-
dc.date.issued2000en_HK
dc.identifier.citationJournal Of Paediatrics And Child Health, 2000, v. 36 n. 2, p. 128-133en_HK
dc.identifier.issn1034-4810en_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/170303-
dc.description.abstractObjective: To assess the prevalence of asthma and other allergies in children in Urumqi and Beijing, compared with that in Hong Kong. Methods: A total of 7754 primary school students were randomly selected to participate in the study. Data were collected in 1995-96 using the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) protocol for 6- and 7-year-olds. The study design and data quality assurance in all aspects followed the protocol, including the double entry of data. Results: The questionnaire response rate was high (98.9%). Beijing children reported significantly more asthma than those living in Urumqi in three categories: wheezing or whistling in the chest in the past year (6.0%, 95% confidence interval (CI): 5.1-6.9% vs 2.9%. 2.3-3.5%. P < 0.001), sleeping disturbed due to wheezing (1.3%, 0.9- 1.7% vs 0.6%, 0.3-0.9%, P < 0.03) and having experienced asthma ever (10.7%, 9.6-11.8% vs 7.6%. 6.6-8.6%, P < 0.001). The prevalence of allergic thiniris (30.0% vs 31.1% estimated as 12-month nasal symptoms in Beijing and Urumqi, respectively) and eczema (2.8% vs 2.0% recorded as 12-month itchy rash) in the two cities were not significantly different. A similar study was also performed in Hong Kong in 1995 using the same ISAAC protocol. The children in Urumqi and Beijing had fewer (P < 0.05) allergic symptoms compared to those living in Hong Kong (n = 3618). The 12-month prevalence of wheezing, nasal symptoms and itchy rash found in Hong Kong were 9.2% (95% CI: 8.2-10.2%), 35.1% (33.5-36.7%) and 4.2% (3.5-4.9%), respectively. Conclusion: Urumqi, Beijing and Hong Kong represent communities at different stages of westernization and the results from these three cities reflect a worldwide trend for an increasing prevalence of allergies along with westernization. These three cities could assist in identifying risk factors involved in the increase in asthma, allergic thiniris and eczema.en_HK
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherBlackwell Publishing Asia. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/journals/JPCen_HK
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Paediatrics and Child Healthen_HK
dc.subjectAllergic thinirisen_HK
dc.subjectAllergyen_HK
dc.subjectAsthmaen_HK
dc.subjectChildhooden_HK
dc.subjectChinaen_HK
dc.subjectEczemaen_HK
dc.subjectEpidemiologyen_HK
dc.subjectISAACen_HK
dc.subject.meshAsthma - Epidemiologyen_US
dc.subject.meshChilden_US
dc.subject.meshChina - Epidemiologyen_US
dc.subject.meshData Collectionen_US
dc.subject.meshEczema - Epidemiologyen_US
dc.subject.meshHong Kong - Epidemiologyen_US
dc.subject.meshHumansen_US
dc.subject.meshPrevalenceen_US
dc.subject.meshRhinitis, Allergic, Perennial - Epidemiologyen_US
dc.subject.meshRisk Factorsen_US
dc.subject.meshUrban Populationen_US
dc.titlePrevalence of childhood asthma, allergic rhinitis and eczema in Urumqi and Beijingen_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.emailLau, YL: lauylung@hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.emailKarlberg, J: jpekarl@hkucc.hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityLau, YL=rp00361en_HK
dc.identifier.authorityKarlberg, J=rp00400en_HK
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltexten_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1046/j.1440-1754.2000.00457.xen_HK
dc.identifier.pmid10760010-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-0034068365en_HK
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-0034068365&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_HK
dc.identifier.volume36en_HK
dc.identifier.issue2en_HK
dc.identifier.spage128en_HK
dc.identifier.epage133en_HK
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000086246300007-
dc.publisher.placeAustraliaen_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridZhao, TB=7402268340en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridWang, HJ=7501733786en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridChen, YZ=8446901900en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridXiao, ML=7202520977en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridDuo, LK=36907740000en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLiu, G=36078445800en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLau, YL=7201403380en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridKarlberg, J=7005218406en_HK

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