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Article: Short-term meditation induces white matter changes in the anterior cingulate
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TitleShort-term meditation induces white matter changes in the anterior cingulate
 
AuthorsTang, YY2 3
Lu, Q2
Geng, X1
Stein, EA1
Yang, Y1
Posner, MI3
 
KeywordsAnterior cingulate cortex
Anterior corona radiata
Integrative body-mind training
Relaxation training
Self-regulation
 
Issue Date2010
 
PublisherNational Academy of Sciences. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.pnas.org
 
CitationProceedings Of The National Academy Of Sciences Of The United States Of America, 2010, v. 107 n. 35, p. 15649-15652 [How to Cite?]
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1011043107
 
AbstractThe anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) is part of a network implicated in the development of self-regulation and whose connectivity changes dramatically in development. In previous studieswe showed that 3 h of mental training, based on traditional Chinese medicine (integrative body - mind training, IBMT), increases ACC activity and improves self-regulation. However, it is not known whether changes in white matter connectivity can result from small amounts of mental training. We here report that 11 h of IBMT increases fractional anisotropy (FA), an index indicating the integrity and efficiency ofwhite matter in the corona radiata, an important white-matter tract connecting the ACC to other structures. Thus IBMT could provide a means for improving self-regulation and perhaps reducing or preventing various mental disorders.
 
ISSN0027-8424
2013 Impact Factor: 9.809
 
DOIhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1011043107
 
ReferencesReferences in Scopus
 
DC FieldValue
dc.contributor.authorTang, YY
 
dc.contributor.authorLu, Q
 
dc.contributor.authorGeng, X
 
dc.contributor.authorStein, EA
 
dc.contributor.authorYang, Y
 
dc.contributor.authorPosner, MI
 
dc.date.accessioned2012-10-25T04:57:31Z
 
dc.date.available2012-10-25T04:57:31Z
 
dc.date.issued2010
 
dc.description.abstractThe anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) is part of a network implicated in the development of self-regulation and whose connectivity changes dramatically in development. In previous studieswe showed that 3 h of mental training, based on traditional Chinese medicine (integrative body - mind training, IBMT), increases ACC activity and improves self-regulation. However, it is not known whether changes in white matter connectivity can result from small amounts of mental training. We here report that 11 h of IBMT increases fractional anisotropy (FA), an index indicating the integrity and efficiency ofwhite matter in the corona radiata, an important white-matter tract connecting the ACC to other structures. Thus IBMT could provide a means for improving self-regulation and perhaps reducing or preventing various mental disorders.
 
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext
 
dc.identifier.citationProceedings Of The National Academy Of Sciences Of The United States Of America, 2010, v. 107 n. 35, p. 15649-15652 [How to Cite?]
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1011043107
 
dc.identifier.citeulike7662050
 
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1011043107
 
dc.identifier.epage15652
 
dc.identifier.issn0027-8424
2013 Impact Factor: 9.809
 
dc.identifier.issue35
 
dc.identifier.pmid20713717
 
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-77957261158
 
dc.identifier.spage15649
 
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/169877
 
dc.identifier.volume107
 
dc.languageeng
 
dc.publisherNational Academy of Sciences. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.pnas.org
 
dc.publisher.placeUnited States
 
dc.relation.ispartofProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
 
dc.relation.referencesReferences in Scopus
 
dc.subject.meshBrain - Anatomy & Histology - Physiology
 
dc.subject.meshBrain Mapping
 
dc.subject.meshExecutive Function - Physiology
 
dc.subject.meshFemale
 
dc.subject.meshGyrus Cinguli - Anatomy & Histology - Physiology
 
dc.subject.meshHumans
 
dc.subject.meshMale
 
dc.subject.meshMeditation - Methods - Psychology
 
dc.subject.meshPsychiatric Status Rating Scales - Statistics & Numerical Data
 
dc.subject.meshTime Factors
 
dc.subject.meshYoung Adult
 
dc.subjectAnterior cingulate cortex
 
dc.subjectAnterior corona radiata
 
dc.subjectIntegrative body-mind training
 
dc.subjectRelaxation training
 
dc.subjectSelf-regulation
 
dc.titleShort-term meditation induces white matter changes in the anterior cingulate
 
dc.typeArticle
 
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<contributor.author>Yang, Y</contributor.author>
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Author Affiliations
  1. National Institute on Drug Abuse
  2. Dalian University of Technology
  3. University of Oregon