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Article: CARS spectroscopy of O2(1Δg) from the Hartley band photodissociation of O3: Dynamics of the dissociation

TitleCARS spectroscopy of O2(1Δg) from the Hartley band photodissociation of O3: Dynamics of the dissociation
Authors
Issue Date1986
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics. The Journal's web site is located at http://jcp.aip.org/jcp/staff.jsp
Citation
The Journal Of Chemical Physics, 1986, v. 86 n. 12, p. 6745-6756 How to Cite?
AbstractRotationally and vibrationally resolved CARS spectra of the O 2(1Δg8) photofragment produced by the photodissociation of O3 at 17 wavelengths between 230 and 311 nm are reported. The spectra are taken under collision-free conditions, therefore, they reveal the nascent rotational and vibrational state distributions of the O 2(1Δg) photofragment. At all photolysis wavelengths studied the vibrational distribution peaks very sharply at v=0, although all energetically allowed vibrational states are observed. The rotational state distributions are narrow, and peak typically at high J. The rotational distribution shifts to lower J as the photolysis wavelength increases. These observations imply vibrationally adiabatic, rotationally impulsive energy release in the dissociation. The shape and width of the rotational distributions can be completely accounted for by the spread in the O3 thermal rotation and zero-point vibration contributions to the O2(1Δg) photofragment angular momentum. The most striking observation about the O2(1Δ g) photofragment quantum state distribution is an apparent propensity for even-J states. Experiments with 18O enriched ozone indicate that this propensity is observed only for 16O16O, not for 18O16O, and by implication not for 17O 16O. We show that this is the consequence of a selective depletion of only odd-J rotational states of 16O16O( 1Δg) by a curve crossing to O2( 3Σg), but an equal depletion of both even-J and odd-J rotational states of 18O16O and 17O 16O(1Δg) by the curve crossing. The odd-J selectivity for 16O16O is a consequence of the restriction of 3Σg to only odd-J states, due to the requirement of even nuclear exchange symmetry for this homonuclear species with spin-zero nuclei. As a result of the different curve crossing behavior, the quantum yield for 3Σg is twice as great for 18O16O and 17O16O as it is for 16O16O, and this imposes a mass-independent isotopic fractionation in the photodissociation: the O2(1Δ g) fragments are depleted of 17O and 18O, while the O2(3Σg) fragments are enriched in these isotopes. © 1987 American Institute of Physics.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/168154
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 2.894
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.959

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorValentini, JJen_US
dc.contributor.authorGerrity, DPen_US
dc.contributor.authorPhillips, DLen_US
dc.contributor.authorNieh, JCen_US
dc.contributor.authorTabor, KDen_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-10-08T03:15:45Z-
dc.date.available2012-10-08T03:15:45Z-
dc.date.issued1986en_US
dc.identifier.citationThe Journal Of Chemical Physics, 1986, v. 86 n. 12, p. 6745-6756en_US
dc.identifier.issn0021-9606en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/168154-
dc.description.abstractRotationally and vibrationally resolved CARS spectra of the O 2(1Δg8) photofragment produced by the photodissociation of O3 at 17 wavelengths between 230 and 311 nm are reported. The spectra are taken under collision-free conditions, therefore, they reveal the nascent rotational and vibrational state distributions of the O 2(1Δg) photofragment. At all photolysis wavelengths studied the vibrational distribution peaks very sharply at v=0, although all energetically allowed vibrational states are observed. The rotational state distributions are narrow, and peak typically at high J. The rotational distribution shifts to lower J as the photolysis wavelength increases. These observations imply vibrationally adiabatic, rotationally impulsive energy release in the dissociation. The shape and width of the rotational distributions can be completely accounted for by the spread in the O3 thermal rotation and zero-point vibration contributions to the O2(1Δg) photofragment angular momentum. The most striking observation about the O2(1Δ g) photofragment quantum state distribution is an apparent propensity for even-J states. Experiments with 18O enriched ozone indicate that this propensity is observed only for 16O16O, not for 18O16O, and by implication not for 17O 16O. We show that this is the consequence of a selective depletion of only odd-J rotational states of 16O16O( 1Δg) by a curve crossing to O2( 3Σg), but an equal depletion of both even-J and odd-J rotational states of 18O16O and 17O 16O(1Δg) by the curve crossing. The odd-J selectivity for 16O16O is a consequence of the restriction of 3Σg to only odd-J states, due to the requirement of even nuclear exchange symmetry for this homonuclear species with spin-zero nuclei. As a result of the different curve crossing behavior, the quantum yield for 3Σg is twice as great for 18O16O and 17O16O as it is for 16O16O, and this imposes a mass-independent isotopic fractionation in the photodissociation: the O2(1Δ g) fragments are depleted of 17O and 18O, while the O2(3Σg) fragments are enriched in these isotopes. © 1987 American Institute of Physics.en_US
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherAmerican Institute of Physics. The Journal's web site is located at http://jcp.aip.org/jcp/staff.jspen_US
dc.relation.ispartofThe Journal of Chemical Physicsen_US
dc.titleCARS spectroscopy of O2(1Δg) from the Hartley band photodissociation of O3: Dynamics of the dissociationen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltexten_US
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-36549102615en_US
dc.identifier.volume86en_US
dc.identifier.issue12en_US
dc.identifier.spage6745en_US
dc.identifier.epage6756en_US
dc.publisher.placeUnited Statesen_US

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