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Postgraduate Thesis: The significance of Dunhuang iconography from the perspective of Buddhist philosophy: a study mainly based onCave 45
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TitleThe significance of Dunhuang iconography from the perspective of Buddhist philosophy: a study mainly based onCave 45
 
AuthorsLok, Wai-ying.
駱慧瑛.
 
Issue Date2012
 
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
 
AbstractThis study explores the significance of Dunhuang 敦煌 iconography from the perspective of Buddhist philosophy. The time span of the Dunhuang iconography of the Grottoes runs from the 4th to the 14th centuries. This wide coverage makes it extremely valuable for revealing the developments in art, history, culture, and religious activities in China, and neighbouring regions along the Silk Road. Most scholars have approached the Dunhuang Grottoes from the perspectives of art, history, or archaeology. However, studying the Dunhuang Grottoes from the perspective of Buddhist philosophy has remained under-researched, and therefore, less exhaustively dealt with. It is in Dunhuang Mogao 莫高 Cave 45 that one can see the most well preserved Buddha statue group, and the only Guanyin S?tra 觀音經, i. e. the Chapter of the Universal Gateway of Avalokite?vara Bodhisattva 普門品 from the Saddharmapu??ar?ka S?tra 妙法蓮華經, painted on one entire wall. This dual association has rendered Cave 45 the most ideal source for this research. In this research, Buddhist iconography will be studied in the light of Buddhist philosophy. The study also takes into account triangulation of data collected through various sources, namely: (1) Field trips in Dunhuang and related areas for primary data collection; (2) Image analyses of data collected from primary and secondary sources; (3) Verification of data in the light of both ancient and modern Buddhist literature. The research will be focused on identifying Buddhist philosophy from the mural paintings of the Guanyin S?tra and on the conceptualized understanding of the material as presented in the paintings. The causes of suffering will be identified after examining the thirty-three manifestations / appearances of Avalokite?vara as depicted here. The scenes of various desires as identified and conceptualized in the mural painting of the Cave 45 will also be studied. The Buddha statue in the centre of the statue group portrays cessation of suffering. The statues of bodhisattvas and disciples along both sides, with different facial expressions and body gestures, portray the different levels of cessation of suffering, all leading to ultimate awakening and full emancipation. In this connection, the missing pair of statues in the statue group will also be explored and identified. It is true that Dunhuang iconography, as exemplified through Cave 45, can be approached from many perspectives. However, the primary objective of this study is to show that the Dunhuang iconography is designed as an artistic portrayal of the fundamental teachings of Buddhism.
 
AdvisorsJing, Y
 
DegreeDoctor of Philosophy
 
SubjectBuddhist sculpture - China - Dunhuang Caves.
Buddhist philosophy.
 
Dept/ProgramBuddhist Studies
 
DC FieldValue
dc.contributor.advisorJing, Y
 
dc.contributor.authorLok, Wai-ying.
 
dc.contributor.author駱慧瑛.
 
dc.date.hkucongregation2012
 
dc.date.issued2012
 
dc.description.abstractThis study explores the significance of Dunhuang 敦煌 iconography from the perspective of Buddhist philosophy. The time span of the Dunhuang iconography of the Grottoes runs from the 4th to the 14th centuries. This wide coverage makes it extremely valuable for revealing the developments in art, history, culture, and religious activities in China, and neighbouring regions along the Silk Road. Most scholars have approached the Dunhuang Grottoes from the perspectives of art, history, or archaeology. However, studying the Dunhuang Grottoes from the perspective of Buddhist philosophy has remained under-researched, and therefore, less exhaustively dealt with. It is in Dunhuang Mogao 莫高 Cave 45 that one can see the most well preserved Buddha statue group, and the only Guanyin S?tra 觀音經, i. e. the Chapter of the Universal Gateway of Avalokite?vara Bodhisattva 普門品 from the Saddharmapu??ar?ka S?tra 妙法蓮華經, painted on one entire wall. This dual association has rendered Cave 45 the most ideal source for this research. In this research, Buddhist iconography will be studied in the light of Buddhist philosophy. The study also takes into account triangulation of data collected through various sources, namely: (1) Field trips in Dunhuang and related areas for primary data collection; (2) Image analyses of data collected from primary and secondary sources; (3) Verification of data in the light of both ancient and modern Buddhist literature. The research will be focused on identifying Buddhist philosophy from the mural paintings of the Guanyin S?tra and on the conceptualized understanding of the material as presented in the paintings. The causes of suffering will be identified after examining the thirty-three manifestations / appearances of Avalokite?vara as depicted here. The scenes of various desires as identified and conceptualized in the mural painting of the Cave 45 will also be studied. The Buddha statue in the centre of the statue group portrays cessation of suffering. The statues of bodhisattvas and disciples along both sides, with different facial expressions and body gestures, portray the different levels of cessation of suffering, all leading to ultimate awakening and full emancipation. In this connection, the missing pair of statues in the statue group will also be explored and identified. It is true that Dunhuang iconography, as exemplified through Cave 45, can be approached from many perspectives. However, the primary objective of this study is to show that the Dunhuang iconography is designed as an artistic portrayal of the fundamental teachings of Buddhism.
 
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version
 
dc.description.thesisdisciplineBuddhist Studies
 
dc.description.thesisleveldoctoral
 
dc.description.thesisnameDoctor of Philosophy
 
dc.identifier.hkulb4819932
 
dc.languageeng
 
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
 
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)
 
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.
 
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License
 
dc.source.urihttp://hub.hku.hk/bib/B48199321
 
dc.subject.lcshBuddhist sculpture - China - Dunhuang Caves.
 
dc.subject.lcshBuddhist philosophy.
 
dc.titleThe significance of Dunhuang iconography from the perspective of Buddhist philosophy: a study mainly based onCave 45
 
dc.typePG_Thesis
 
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<item><contributor.advisor>Jing, Y</contributor.advisor>
<contributor.author>Lok, Wai-ying.</contributor.author>
<contributor.author>&#39409;&#24935;&#29787;.</contributor.author>
<date.issued>2012</date.issued>
<description.abstract>&#65279;This study explores the significance of Dunhuang &#25958;&#29004; iconography from the perspective of

Buddhist philosophy. The time span of the Dunhuang iconography of the Grottoes runs from

the 4th to the 14th centuries. This wide coverage makes it extremely valuable for revealing the

developments in art, history, culture, and religious activities in China, and neighbouring

regions along the Silk Road.

Most scholars have approached the Dunhuang Grottoes from the perspectives of art, history,

or archaeology. However, studying the Dunhuang Grottoes from the perspective of Buddhist

philosophy has remained under-researched, and therefore, less exhaustively dealt with. It is in

Dunhuang Mogao &#33707;&#39640;

Cave 45 that one can see the most well preserved Buddha statue

group, and the only Guanyin S?tra &#35264;&#38899;&#32147;, i. e. the Chapter of the Universal Gateway of

Avalokite?vara Bodhisattva &#26222;&#38272;&#21697;

from the Saddharmapu??ar?ka S?tra &#22937;&#27861;&#34030;&#33775;&#32147;, painted

on one entire wall. This dual association has rendered Cave 45 the most ideal source for this

research.

In this research, Buddhist iconography will be studied in the light of Buddhist philosophy.

The study also takes into account triangulation of data collected through various sources,

namely: (1) Field trips in Dunhuang and related areas for primary data collection; (2) Image

analyses of data collected from primary and secondary sources; (3) Verification of data in the

light of both ancient and modern Buddhist literature.

The research will be focused on identifying Buddhist philosophy from the mural paintings of

the Guanyin S?tra and on the conceptualized understanding of the material as presented in the

paintings. The causes

of suffering will be identified after examining the thirty-three

manifestations / appearances of Avalokite?vara as depicted here. The scenes of various

desires as identified and conceptualized in the mural painting of the Cave 45 will also be

studied.

The Buddha statue in the centre of the statue group portrays cessation of suffering. The

statues of bodhisattvas and disciples along both sides, with different facial expressions and

body gestures, portray the different levels of cessation of suffering, all leading to ultimate

awakening and full emancipation. In this connection, the missing pair of statues in the statue

group will also be explored and identified.

It is true that Dunhuang iconography, as exemplified through Cave 45, can be approached

from many perspectives. However, the primary objective of this study is to show that the

Dunhuang iconography is designed as an artistic portrayal of the fundamental teachings of

Buddhism.</description.abstract>
<language>eng</language>
<publisher>The University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)</publisher>
<relation.ispartof>HKU Theses Online (HKUTO)</relation.ispartof>
<rights>The author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.</rights>
<rights>Creative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License</rights>
<source.uri>http://hub.hku.hk/bib/B48199321</source.uri>
<subject.lcsh>Buddhist sculpture - China - Dunhuang Caves.</subject.lcsh>
<subject.lcsh>Buddhist philosophy.</subject.lcsh>
<title>The significance of Dunhuang iconography from the perspective of Buddhist philosophy: a study mainly based onCave 45</title>
<type>PG_Thesis</type>
<identifier.hkul>b4819932</identifier.hkul>
<description.thesisname>Doctor of Philosophy</description.thesisname>
<description.thesislevel>doctoral</description.thesislevel>
<description.thesisdiscipline>Buddhist Studies</description.thesisdiscipline>
<description.nature>published_or_final_version</description.nature>
<date.hkucongregation>2012</date.hkucongregation>
<bitstream.url>http://hub.hku.hk/bitstream/10722/167208/1/FullText.pdf</bitstream.url>
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