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Article: Simulation of patient encounters using a virtual patient in periodontology instruction of dental students: design, usability, and learning effect in history-taking skills.

TitleSimulation of patient encounters using a virtual patient in periodontology instruction of dental students: design, usability, and learning effect in history-taking skills.
Authors
Issue Date2004
PublisherBlackwell Munksgaard. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/journals/EJE
Citation
European Journal Of Dental Education : Official Journal Of The Association For Dental Education In Europe, 2004, v. 8 n. 3, p. 111-119 How to Cite?
AbstractSimulations are important educational tools in the development of health care competence. This study describes a virtual learning environment (VLE) for diagnosis and treatment planning in oral health care. The VLE is a web-based, database application where the learner uses free text communication on the screen to interact with patient data. The VLE contains forms for history taking, clinical images, clinical data and X-rays. After reviewing the patient information, the student proposes therapy and makes prognostic evaluations of the case in free text. A usability test of the application was performed with seven dental students. The usability test showed that the software responded with correct answers to the majority of the free text questions. The application is generic in its basic functions and can be adapted to other dental or medical subject areas. A randomised controlled trial was carried out with 39 students who attended instruction in history taking with problem-based learning cases, lectures and seminars. In addition, 16 of the 39 students were randomly chosen to practise history taking using the virtual patient prior to their first patient encounter. The performance of each student was recorded on video during the patient sessions. The type and order of the questions asked by the student and the degree of empathy displayed towards the patient were analysed systematically on the videos. The data indicate that students who also undertook history taking with a virtual patient asked more relevant questions, spent more time on patient issues, and performed a more complete history interview compared with students who had only undergone standard teaching. The students who had worked with the virtual patient also seemed to have more empathy for the patients than the students who had not. The practising of history taking with a virtual patient appears to improve the capability of dental students to take a relevant oral health history.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/167032
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 0.784
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.524

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorSchittek Janda, Men_US
dc.contributor.authorMattheos, Nen_US
dc.contributor.authorNattestad, Aen_US
dc.contributor.authorWagner, Aen_US
dc.contributor.authorNebel, Den_US
dc.contributor.authorFärbom, Cen_US
dc.contributor.authorLê, DHen_US
dc.contributor.authorAttström, Ren_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-09-28T04:02:03Z-
dc.date.available2012-09-28T04:02:03Z-
dc.date.issued2004en_US
dc.identifier.citationEuropean Journal Of Dental Education : Official Journal Of The Association For Dental Education In Europe, 2004, v. 8 n. 3, p. 111-119en_US
dc.identifier.issn1396-5883en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/167032-
dc.description.abstractSimulations are important educational tools in the development of health care competence. This study describes a virtual learning environment (VLE) for diagnosis and treatment planning in oral health care. The VLE is a web-based, database application where the learner uses free text communication on the screen to interact with patient data. The VLE contains forms for history taking, clinical images, clinical data and X-rays. After reviewing the patient information, the student proposes therapy and makes prognostic evaluations of the case in free text. A usability test of the application was performed with seven dental students. The usability test showed that the software responded with correct answers to the majority of the free text questions. The application is generic in its basic functions and can be adapted to other dental or medical subject areas. A randomised controlled trial was carried out with 39 students who attended instruction in history taking with problem-based learning cases, lectures and seminars. In addition, 16 of the 39 students were randomly chosen to practise history taking using the virtual patient prior to their first patient encounter. The performance of each student was recorded on video during the patient sessions. The type and order of the questions asked by the student and the degree of empathy displayed towards the patient were analysed systematically on the videos. The data indicate that students who also undertook history taking with a virtual patient asked more relevant questions, spent more time on patient issues, and performed a more complete history interview compared with students who had only undergone standard teaching. The students who had worked with the virtual patient also seemed to have more empathy for the patients than the students who had not. The practising of history taking with a virtual patient appears to improve the capability of dental students to take a relevant oral health history.en_US
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherBlackwell Munksgaard. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/journals/EJEen_US
dc.relation.ispartofEuropean journal of dental education : official journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europeen_US
dc.subject.meshClinical Competenceen_US
dc.subject.meshComputer Simulationen_US
dc.subject.meshComputer-Assisted Instructionen_US
dc.subject.meshDatabases As Topicen_US
dc.subject.meshEducation, Dentalen_US
dc.subject.meshEmpathyen_US
dc.subject.meshHumansen_US
dc.subject.meshInterneten_US
dc.subject.meshInterpersonal Relationsen_US
dc.subject.meshLearningen_US
dc.subject.meshMedical History Takingen_US
dc.subject.meshPeriodontics - Educationen_US
dc.subject.meshProblem-Based Learningen_US
dc.subject.meshSoftware Designen_US
dc.subject.meshStudents, Dentalen_US
dc.subject.meshUser-Computer Interfaceen_US
dc.subject.meshVideotape Recordingen_US
dc.titleSimulation of patient encounters using a virtual patient in periodontology instruction of dental students: design, usability, and learning effect in history-taking skills.en_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.emailMattheos, N: mattheos@hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authorityMattheos, N=rp01662en_US
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltexten_US
dc.identifier.pmid15233775-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-4344565832en_US
dc.identifier.volume8en_US
dc.identifier.issue3en_US
dc.identifier.spage111en_US
dc.identifier.epage119en_US
dc.publisher.placeDenmarken_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridSchittek Janda, M=6506716652en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridMattheos, N=6602862633en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridNattestad, A=6701582728en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridWagner, A=7401456453en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridNebel, D=8219351700en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridFärbom, C=6505665998en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLê, DH=7005205375en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridAttström, R=7005222726en_US

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