File Download
  Links for fulltext
     (May Require Subscription)

Conference Paper: Effects of errorless learning on the acquisition of velopharyngeal movement control

TitleEffects of errorless learning on the acquisition of velopharyngeal movement control
Authors
KeywordsPhysics
Sound
Issue Date2012
PublisherAcoustical Society of America. The Journal's web site is located at http://asa.aip.org/jasa.html
Citation
The 2012 Annual Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America 9Acoustics 2012), Hong Kong, 13-18 May 2012. In Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 2012, v. 131 n. 4, p. 3273, abstract no. 1pSC8 How to Cite?
AbstractThe implicit motor learning literature suggests a benefit for learning if errors are minimized during practice. This study investigated whether the same principle holds for learning velopharyngeal movement control. Normal speaking participants learned to produce hypernasal speech in either an errorless learning condition (in which the possibility for errors was limited) or an errorful learning condition (in which the possibility for errors was not limited). Nasality level of the participants’ speech was measured by nasometer and reflected by nasalance scores (in %). Errorless learners practiced producing hypernasal speech with a threshold nasalance score of 10% at the beginning, which gradually increased to a threshold of 50% at the end. The same set of threshold targets were presented to errorful learners but in a reversed order. Errors were defined by the proportion of speech with a nasalance score below the threshold. The results showed that, relative to errorful learners, errorless learners displayed fewer errors (50.7% vs. 17.7%) and a higher mean nasalance score (31.3% vs. 46.7%) during the acquisition phase. Furthermore, errorless learners outperformed errorful learners in both retention and novel transfer tests. Acknowledgment: Supported by The University of Hong Kong Strategic Research Theme for Sciences of Learning © 2012 Acoustical Society of America
DescriptionSession 1pSC - Speech Communication: Cross-Linguistic Studies of Speech Sound Learning of the Languages of Hong Kong (Poster Session)
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/165669
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 1.572
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.938

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorWong, WKen_US
dc.contributor.authorWhitehill, Ten_US
dc.contributor.authorMa, Een_US
dc.contributor.authorMasters, Ren_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-09-20T08:21:57Z-
dc.date.available2012-09-20T08:21:57Z-
dc.date.issued2012en_US
dc.identifier.citationThe 2012 Annual Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America 9Acoustics 2012), Hong Kong, 13-18 May 2012. In Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 2012, v. 131 n. 4, p. 3273, abstract no. 1pSC8en_US
dc.identifier.issn0001-4966-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/165669-
dc.descriptionSession 1pSC - Speech Communication: Cross-Linguistic Studies of Speech Sound Learning of the Languages of Hong Kong (Poster Session)-
dc.description.abstractThe implicit motor learning literature suggests a benefit for learning if errors are minimized during practice. This study investigated whether the same principle holds for learning velopharyngeal movement control. Normal speaking participants learned to produce hypernasal speech in either an errorless learning condition (in which the possibility for errors was limited) or an errorful learning condition (in which the possibility for errors was not limited). Nasality level of the participants’ speech was measured by nasometer and reflected by nasalance scores (in %). Errorless learners practiced producing hypernasal speech with a threshold nasalance score of 10% at the beginning, which gradually increased to a threshold of 50% at the end. The same set of threshold targets were presented to errorful learners but in a reversed order. Errors were defined by the proportion of speech with a nasalance score below the threshold. The results showed that, relative to errorful learners, errorless learners displayed fewer errors (50.7% vs. 17.7%) and a higher mean nasalance score (31.3% vs. 46.7%) during the acquisition phase. Furthermore, errorless learners outperformed errorful learners in both retention and novel transfer tests. Acknowledgment: Supported by The University of Hong Kong Strategic Research Theme for Sciences of Learning © 2012 Acoustical Society of America-
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherAcoustical Society of America. The Journal's web site is located at http://asa.aip.org/jasa.html-
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of the Acoustical Society of Americaen_US
dc.rightsJournal of the Acoustical Society of America. Copyright © Acoustical Society of America.-
dc.rightsCopyright 2012 Acoustical Society of America. This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and the Acoustical Society of America.-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.subjectPhysics-
dc.subjectSound-
dc.titleEffects of errorless learning on the acquisition of velopharyngeal movement controlen_US
dc.typeConference_Paperen_US
dc.identifier.emailWong, WK: draw@hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.emailWhitehill, T: tara@hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.emailMa, E: estella.ma@hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.emailMasters, R: mastersr@hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authorityWhitehill, T=rp00970en_US
dc.identifier.authorityMa, E=rp00933en_US
dc.identifier.authorityMasters, R=rp00935en_US
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.1121/1.4708235-
dc.identifier.hkuros206470en_US
dc.identifier.hkuros202603-
dc.identifier.hkuros207665-
dc.identifier.volume131en_US
dc.identifier.issue4-
dc.identifier.spage3273en_US
dc.identifier.epage3273en_US
dc.publisher.placeUnited States-

Export via OAI-PMH Interface in XML Formats


OR


Export to Other Non-XML Formats