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Article: Changes in suicide rates following media reports on celebrity suicide: A meta-analysis

TitleChanges in suicide rates following media reports on celebrity suicide: A meta-analysis
Authors
Issue Date2012
PublisherB M J Publishing Group. The Journal's web site is located at http://jech.bmjjournals.com/
Citation
Journal Of Epidemiology And Community Health, 2012, v. 66 n. 11, p. 1037-1042 How to Cite?
AbstractBackground: A growing number of studies indicate that sensationalist reporting of suicide is associated with increases in suicide rates, but in the light of some negative findings, the issue has remained controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the best current evidence on the association between celebrity suicide stories and subsequent suicides. Methods: Literature searches of six data sources (Medline, Psychlit, Communication Abstracts, Education Resources Information Center, Dissertation Abstracts and Australian Public Affairs Database (APAIS)) were conducted. Studies were included if they (1) adopted an ecological design, (2) focused on celebrity suicide, (3) had completed suicide as outcome variable, (4) analysed suicide rates across all suicide methods, (5) used data from after World War II and (6) satisfied basic quality criteria. Results: 10 studies with totally 98 suicides by celebrities met the criteria. The pooled estimate indicated a change in suicide rates (suicides per 100 000 population) of 0.26 (95% CI 0.09 to 0.43) in the month after a celebrity suicide. There was substantial heterogeneity between studies, which was explained by the type of celebrity (entertainment elite vs others) and the region of study, as indicated by mixed-effects meta-regression. The region-of-studyespecific effect of reporting a suicide by an entertainment celebrity was 0.64 (95% CI 0.55 to 0.73) in North America, 0.58 (95% CI 0.47 to 0.68) in Asia, 0.36 (95% CI --0.10 to 0.61) in Australia and 0.68 (95% CI 0.51 to 0.85) in Europe. There was no indication of publication bias. Conclusions: Reports on celebrity suicide are associated with increases in suicides. Study region and celebrity type appear to have an impact on the effect size.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/164877
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 3.865
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.890
ISI Accession Number ID
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorNiederkrotenthaler, Ten_HK
dc.contributor.authorFu, KWen_HK
dc.contributor.authorYip, PSFen_HK
dc.contributor.authorFong, DYTen_HK
dc.contributor.authorStack, Sen_HK
dc.contributor.authorCheng, Qen_HK
dc.contributor.authorPirkis, Jen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2012-09-20T08:11:36Z-
dc.date.available2012-09-20T08:11:36Z-
dc.date.issued2012en_HK
dc.identifier.citationJournal Of Epidemiology And Community Health, 2012, v. 66 n. 11, p. 1037-1042en_HK
dc.identifier.issn0143-005Xen_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/164877-
dc.description.abstractBackground: A growing number of studies indicate that sensationalist reporting of suicide is associated with increases in suicide rates, but in the light of some negative findings, the issue has remained controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the best current evidence on the association between celebrity suicide stories and subsequent suicides. Methods: Literature searches of six data sources (Medline, Psychlit, Communication Abstracts, Education Resources Information Center, Dissertation Abstracts and Australian Public Affairs Database (APAIS)) were conducted. Studies were included if they (1) adopted an ecological design, (2) focused on celebrity suicide, (3) had completed suicide as outcome variable, (4) analysed suicide rates across all suicide methods, (5) used data from after World War II and (6) satisfied basic quality criteria. Results: 10 studies with totally 98 suicides by celebrities met the criteria. The pooled estimate indicated a change in suicide rates (suicides per 100 000 population) of 0.26 (95% CI 0.09 to 0.43) in the month after a celebrity suicide. There was substantial heterogeneity between studies, which was explained by the type of celebrity (entertainment elite vs others) and the region of study, as indicated by mixed-effects meta-regression. The region-of-studyespecific effect of reporting a suicide by an entertainment celebrity was 0.64 (95% CI 0.55 to 0.73) in North America, 0.58 (95% CI 0.47 to 0.68) in Asia, 0.36 (95% CI --0.10 to 0.61) in Australia and 0.68 (95% CI 0.51 to 0.85) in Europe. There was no indication of publication bias. Conclusions: Reports on celebrity suicide are associated with increases in suicides. Study region and celebrity type appear to have an impact on the effect size.en_HK
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherB M J Publishing Group. The Journal's web site is located at http://jech.bmjjournals.com/en_HK
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Epidemiology and Community Healthen_HK
dc.titleChanges in suicide rates following media reports on celebrity suicide: A meta-analysisen_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.emailFu, KW: kwfu@hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.emailYip, PSF: sfpyip@hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.emailFong, DYT: dytfong@hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityFu, KW=rp00552en_HK
dc.identifier.authorityYip, PSF=rp00596en_HK
dc.identifier.authorityFong, DYT=rp00253en_HK
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1136/jech-2011-200707en_HK
dc.identifier.pmid22523342-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-84868660687en_HK
dc.identifier.hkuros211117en_US
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-84868660687&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_HK
dc.identifier.volume66en_HK
dc.identifier.issue11en_HK
dc.identifier.spage1037en_HK
dc.identifier.epage1042en_HK
dc.identifier.eissn1470-2738-
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000309650500013-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdomen_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridNiederkrotenthaler, T=16304838000en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridFu, KW=16315896700en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridYip, PSF=7102503720en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridFong, DYT=35261710300en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridStack, S=7004565279en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridCheng, Q=37053342400en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridPirkis, J=55191019700en_HK

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