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Article: Competitiveness is not that bad...at least in the East: testing the hierarchical model of achievement motivation in the Asian setting

TitleCompetitiveness is not that bad...at least in the East: testing the hierarchical model of achievement motivation in the Asian setting
Authors
KeywordsCompetitiveness
Deep learning
Mastery goals
Performance goals
Surface learning
Issue Date2012
PublisherPergamon. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/ijintrel
Citation
International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 2012, v. 36 n. 3, p. 446-457 How to Cite?
AbstractCompetitiveness has usually been viewed as a negative trait as it leads to suboptimal outcomes. However, research in cross-cultural psychology has indicated that competitiveness may hold different meanings for people from individualist and collectivist cultures. The current study investigates the effects of competitiveness on different educational outcomes in the collectivistic Chinese cultural context. Utilizing the hierarchical model of achievement motivation, this study aims to examine the relationships among individual differences (trait mastery and trait competitiveness), achievement goals (mastery and performance goals), and learning strategies (deep and surface learning strategies). Six hundred ninety-seven secondary school students from Hong Kong answered questionnaires assessing the relevant variables. Path models indicated that there were important differences in the pattern of relationships among the variables in our study compared to previous findings in the West. First, contrary to Western studies, trait competitiveness was predictive of mastery goals and not only of performance goals. Second, performance goals positively predicted the adoption of deep learning strategies but were not significantly related to surface learning strategies. Results are discussed in light of current findings in cross-cultural psychology. The findings hold substantive theoretical and practical implications for researchers and practitioners seeking to understand achievement motivation of students from more collectivist cultures. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/164705
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 0.963
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.581
ISI Accession Number ID

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorKing, RBen_US
dc.contributor.authorMcInerney, DMen_US
dc.contributor.authorWatkins, DAen_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-09-20T08:08:06Z-
dc.date.available2012-09-20T08:08:06Z-
dc.date.issued2012en_US
dc.identifier.citationInternational Journal of Intercultural Relations, 2012, v. 36 n. 3, p. 446-457en_US
dc.identifier.issn0147-1767en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/164705-
dc.description.abstractCompetitiveness has usually been viewed as a negative trait as it leads to suboptimal outcomes. However, research in cross-cultural psychology has indicated that competitiveness may hold different meanings for people from individualist and collectivist cultures. The current study investigates the effects of competitiveness on different educational outcomes in the collectivistic Chinese cultural context. Utilizing the hierarchical model of achievement motivation, this study aims to examine the relationships among individual differences (trait mastery and trait competitiveness), achievement goals (mastery and performance goals), and learning strategies (deep and surface learning strategies). Six hundred ninety-seven secondary school students from Hong Kong answered questionnaires assessing the relevant variables. Path models indicated that there were important differences in the pattern of relationships among the variables in our study compared to previous findings in the West. First, contrary to Western studies, trait competitiveness was predictive of mastery goals and not only of performance goals. Second, performance goals positively predicted the adoption of deep learning strategies but were not significantly related to surface learning strategies. Results are discussed in light of current findings in cross-cultural psychology. The findings hold substantive theoretical and practical implications for researchers and practitioners seeking to understand achievement motivation of students from more collectivist cultures. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.-
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherPergamon. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/ijintrelen_US
dc.relation.ispartofInternational Journal of Intercultural Relationsen_US
dc.subjectCompetitiveness-
dc.subjectDeep learning-
dc.subjectMastery goals-
dc.subjectPerformance goals-
dc.subjectSurface learning-
dc.titleCompetitiveness is not that bad...at least in the East: testing the hierarchical model of achievement motivation in the Asian settingen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.openurlhttp://library.hku.hk:4550/resserv?sid=HKU:IR&issn=ISSN: 0147-1767&volume=36&spage=446&epage=457&date=2011&atitle=Competitiveness+is+not+that+bad…at+least+in+the+East:+Testing+the+hierarchical+model+of+achievement+motivation+in+the+Asian+settingen_US
dc.identifier.emailKing, RB: ronnel.king@gmail.comen_US
dc.identifier.emailWatkins, DA: hrfewda@hkucc.hku.hk-
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.ijintrel.2011.10.003-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-84860577488-
dc.identifier.hkuros211001en_US
dc.identifier.volume36en_US
dc.identifier.issue3-
dc.identifier.spage446en_US
dc.identifier.epage457en_US
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000305042700012-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdom-
dc.identifier.citeulike10139872-

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