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Article: Short-term effects of hygiene education for preschool (kindergarten) children: a clinical study.

TitleShort-term effects of hygiene education for preschool (kindergarten) children: a clinical study.
Authors
Issue Date2007
PublisherQuintessence Publishing Co Ltd. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.quintessencepublishing.co.uk/catalog/product_info.php?cPath=3&products_id=239
Citation
Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry, 2007, v. 5 n. 1, p. 19-24 How to Cite?
AbstractAIM: To evaluate the outcomes of short (15 minutes) oral hygiene vs. hand hygiene education for preschool children 4 weeks after these interventions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-one preschool children (age range 4-6 years) attending four kindergarten classes participated in a 15-minute health education programme on the importance of body cleanliness for general health. In addition, specific instructions on oral hygiene were provided for two randomly selected classes (30 children), while the remaining two classes (31 children) were given instruction of hand and nail cleaning. The oral hygiene status was assessed usingthe plaque control record (PCR). The cleanliness of the hands and fingernails was determined using a hand hygiene index (HHI) and a nail hygiene index (NHI). All three parameters were assessed before the intervention as well as 4 weeks thereafter. RESULTS: Four weeks after education, the PCR had improved for all children from 79.95% to 72.35% (p < 0.001). The NHI had improved from 74.91% to 61.71% (p < 0.001). In addition, the mean PCR of the children given oral hygiene instruction decreased from 83.67% to 72.40%, while the mean PCR of the children given hand and nail cleaning instruction decreased from 76.23% to 72.29% (interaction effect 'time x type of instruction': p = 0.044). Girls' PCR improved significantly more than boys' PCR (Girls, 80.98 vs. 69.71; boys, 78.33 vs. 75.31; p = 0.021). CONCLUSIONS: The results of the study show that even a short, school-based educational intervention at an early age may affect children's oral health promotion significantly. Teachers should, therefore, be encouraged to educate children from an early age about oral hygiene promotion.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/154452
ISSN
2014 Impact Factor: 0.505
2014 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.329

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorRamseier, CAen_US
dc.contributor.authorLeiggener, Ien_US
dc.contributor.authorLang, NPen_US
dc.contributor.authorBagramian, RAen_US
dc.contributor.authorInglehart, MRen_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-08-08T08:25:25Z-
dc.date.available2012-08-08T08:25:25Z-
dc.date.issued2007en_US
dc.identifier.citationOral Health & Preventive Dentistry, 2007, v. 5 n. 1, p. 19-24en_US
dc.identifier.issn1602-1622en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/154452-
dc.description.abstractAIM: To evaluate the outcomes of short (15 minutes) oral hygiene vs. hand hygiene education for preschool children 4 weeks after these interventions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-one preschool children (age range 4-6 years) attending four kindergarten classes participated in a 15-minute health education programme on the importance of body cleanliness for general health. In addition, specific instructions on oral hygiene were provided for two randomly selected classes (30 children), while the remaining two classes (31 children) were given instruction of hand and nail cleaning. The oral hygiene status was assessed usingthe plaque control record (PCR). The cleanliness of the hands and fingernails was determined using a hand hygiene index (HHI) and a nail hygiene index (NHI). All three parameters were assessed before the intervention as well as 4 weeks thereafter. RESULTS: Four weeks after education, the PCR had improved for all children from 79.95% to 72.35% (p < 0.001). The NHI had improved from 74.91% to 61.71% (p < 0.001). In addition, the mean PCR of the children given oral hygiene instruction decreased from 83.67% to 72.40%, while the mean PCR of the children given hand and nail cleaning instruction decreased from 76.23% to 72.29% (interaction effect 'time x type of instruction': p = 0.044). Girls' PCR improved significantly more than boys' PCR (Girls, 80.98 vs. 69.71; boys, 78.33 vs. 75.31; p = 0.021). CONCLUSIONS: The results of the study show that even a short, school-based educational intervention at an early age may affect children's oral health promotion significantly. Teachers should, therefore, be encouraged to educate children from an early age about oral hygiene promotion.en_US
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherQuintessence Publishing Co Ltd. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.quintessencepublishing.co.uk/catalog/product_info.php?cPath=3&products_id=239en_US
dc.relation.ispartofOral health & preventive dentistryen_US
dc.subject.meshChilden_US
dc.subject.meshChild, Preschoolen_US
dc.subject.meshDental Plaque Indexen_US
dc.subject.meshFemaleen_US
dc.subject.meshHandwashingen_US
dc.subject.meshHealth Educationen_US
dc.subject.meshHealth Education, Dentalen_US
dc.subject.meshHealth Promotionen_US
dc.subject.meshHumansen_US
dc.subject.meshMaleen_US
dc.subject.meshNailsen_US
dc.subject.meshOral Hygieneen_US
dc.subject.meshSex Factorsen_US
dc.subject.meshTreatment Outcomeen_US
dc.titleShort-term effects of hygiene education for preschool (kindergarten) children: a clinical study.en_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.emailLang, NP:nplang@hkucc.hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authorityLang, NP=rp00031en_US
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltexten_US
dc.identifier.pmid17366757en_US
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-34147122485en_US
dc.identifier.volume5en_US
dc.identifier.issue1en_US
dc.identifier.spage19en_US
dc.identifier.epage24en_US
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdomen_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridRamseier, CA=8921696800en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLeiggener, I=16203255100en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLang, NP=7201577367en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridBagramian, RA=7003537330en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridInglehart, MR=6602301074en_US

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