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Article: Changes in the geography of suicide in young men: England and Wales 1981-2005
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TitleChanges in the geography of suicide in young men: England and Wales 1981-2005
 
AuthorsGunnell, D3
Wheeler, B3
Chang, SS2 3
Thomas, B1
Sterne, JAC3
Dorling, D1
 
Issue Date2012
 
PublisherB M J Publishing Group. The Journal's web site is located at http://jech.bmjjournals.com/
 
CitationJournal Of Epidemiology And Community Health, 2012, v. 66 n. 6, p. 536-543 [How to Cite?]
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jech.2009.104000
 
AbstractBackground Suicide rates changed considerably in men aged <45 years in England and Wales between 1980 and 2005. The impact of these changes on the geographic distribution of suicide is unknown. Methods Mapping of geo-coded standardised mortality ratios for suicide in 1113 census tracts (mean population 46 000) in England and Wales, smoothed using Bayesian hierarchical models, for 15-44 year old men during 1981-1985, 1991-1995 and 2001-2005. Results Young male suicide rates rose by 50% between the early 1980s and the 1990s but declined to pre-1980 levels by 2005. The spatial distribution of suicide changed markedly over these years. The 'bull'seye' pattern of increases in suicide rates from the suburbs to the centre of London was abolished, although they persisted in other major cities. Suicide rates among young men in Wales changed from being relatively lower than other regions to being considerably higher. Similarly, by 2001-2005 suicide rates in northern and south western regions were relatively higher than elsewhere with the predominant feature being a north-west/ south-east divide in suicide. These changes in the spatial epidemiology of suicide were not explained by changes in area levels of single person households, unemployment or the unmarried population. Conclusion There has been a marked change in the spatial epidemiology of suicide in young men in the last 25 years, particularly in central London where the RR of suicide has declined and Wales where risks have risen. These changes do not appear to be explained by recognised suicide risk factors and require investigation to inform prevention strategies.
 
ISSN0143-005X
2012 Impact Factor: 3.392
2012 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.342
 
DOIhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jech.2009.104000
 
ISI Accession Number IDWOS:000303608800023
Funding AgencyGrant Number
ESRC/JISC
Funding Information:

Maps are based on boundary data provided through EDINA UKBORDERS with the support of the ESRC and JISC and uses boundary material which is copyright of the Crown. Mortality data were supplied by the Office for National Statistics. Census data were obtained from the Census Dissemination Unit, Mimas (University of Manchester), supported by the ESRC/JISC Census Programme. DG is an NIHR Senior Investigator.

 
ReferencesReferences in Scopus
 
DC FieldValue
dc.contributor.authorGunnell, D
 
dc.contributor.authorWheeler, B
 
dc.contributor.authorChang, SS
 
dc.contributor.authorThomas, B
 
dc.contributor.authorSterne, JAC
 
dc.contributor.authorDorling, D
 
dc.date.accessioned2012-06-15T04:57:45Z
 
dc.date.available2012-06-15T04:57:45Z
 
dc.date.issued2012
 
dc.description.abstractBackground Suicide rates changed considerably in men aged <45 years in England and Wales between 1980 and 2005. The impact of these changes on the geographic distribution of suicide is unknown. Methods Mapping of geo-coded standardised mortality ratios for suicide in 1113 census tracts (mean population 46 000) in England and Wales, smoothed using Bayesian hierarchical models, for 15-44 year old men during 1981-1985, 1991-1995 and 2001-2005. Results Young male suicide rates rose by 50% between the early 1980s and the 1990s but declined to pre-1980 levels by 2005. The spatial distribution of suicide changed markedly over these years. The 'bull'seye' pattern of increases in suicide rates from the suburbs to the centre of London was abolished, although they persisted in other major cities. Suicide rates among young men in Wales changed from being relatively lower than other regions to being considerably higher. Similarly, by 2001-2005 suicide rates in northern and south western regions were relatively higher than elsewhere with the predominant feature being a north-west/ south-east divide in suicide. These changes in the spatial epidemiology of suicide were not explained by changes in area levels of single person households, unemployment or the unmarried population. Conclusion There has been a marked change in the spatial epidemiology of suicide in young men in the last 25 years, particularly in central London where the RR of suicide has declined and Wales where risks have risen. These changes do not appear to be explained by recognised suicide risk factors and require investigation to inform prevention strategies.
 
dc.description.natureLink_to_subscribed_fulltext
 
dc.identifier.citationJournal Of Epidemiology And Community Health, 2012, v. 66 n. 6, p. 536-543 [How to Cite?]
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jech.2009.104000
 
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jech.2009.104000
 
dc.identifier.epage543
 
dc.identifier.hkuros215779
 
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000303608800023
Funding AgencyGrant Number
ESRC/JISC
Funding Information:

Maps are based on boundary data provided through EDINA UKBORDERS with the support of the ESRC and JISC and uses boundary material which is copyright of the Crown. Mortality data were supplied by the Office for National Statistics. Census data were obtained from the Census Dissemination Unit, Mimas (University of Manchester), supported by the ESRC/JISC Census Programme. DG is an NIHR Senior Investigator.

 
dc.identifier.issn0143-005X
2012 Impact Factor: 3.392
2012 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.342
 
dc.identifier.issue6
 
dc.identifier.pmid21131304
 
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-84862629859
 
dc.identifier.spage536
 
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/148856
 
dc.identifier.volume66
 
dc.languageeng
 
dc.publisherB M J Publishing Group. The Journal's web site is located at http://jech.bmjjournals.com/
 
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdom
 
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Epidemiology and Community Health
 
dc.relation.referencesReferences in Scopus
 
dc.rightsJournal of Epidemiology & Community Health. Copyright © B M J Publishing Group.
 
dc.rightsThis article has been accepted for publication in Journal of Epidemiology & Community HealthThe definitive copyedited, typeset version Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health, 2012, v. 66 n. 6, p. 536-543 is available online at: http://jech.bmjjournals.com/
 
dc.titleChanges in the geography of suicide in young men: England and Wales 1981-2005
 
dc.typeArticle
 
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<contributor.author>Thomas, B</contributor.author>
<contributor.author>Sterne, JAC</contributor.author>
<contributor.author>Dorling, D</contributor.author>
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<description.abstract>Background Suicide rates changed considerably in men aged &lt;45 years in England and Wales between 1980 and 2005. The impact of these changes on the geographic distribution of suicide is unknown. Methods Mapping of geo-coded standardised mortality ratios for suicide in 1113 census tracts (mean population 46 000) in England and Wales, smoothed using Bayesian hierarchical models, for 15-44 year old men during 1981-1985, 1991-1995 and 2001-2005. Results Young male suicide rates rose by 50% between the early 1980s and the 1990s but declined to pre-1980 levels by 2005. The spatial distribution of suicide changed markedly over these years. The &apos;bull&apos;seye&apos; pattern of increases in suicide rates from the suburbs to the centre of London was abolished, although they persisted in other major cities. Suicide rates among young men in Wales changed from being relatively lower than other regions to being considerably higher. Similarly, by 2001-2005 suicide rates in northern and south western regions were relatively higher than elsewhere with the predominant feature being a north-west/ south-east divide in suicide. These changes in the spatial epidemiology of suicide were not explained by changes in area levels of single person households, unemployment or the unmarried population. Conclusion There has been a marked change in the spatial epidemiology of suicide in young men in the last 25 years, particularly in central London where the RR of suicide has declined and Wales where risks have risen. These changes do not appear to be explained by recognised suicide risk factors and require investigation to inform prevention strategies.</description.abstract>
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Author Affiliations
  1. University of Sheffield
  2. Ju Shan Hospital
  3. University of Bristol