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Article: REE and C-O Isotopic Geochemistry of Calcites from the World-class Huize Pb-Zn Deposits, Yunnan, China: Implications for the Ore Genesis

TitleREE and C-O Isotopic Geochemistry of Calcites from the World-class Huize Pb-Zn Deposits, Yunnan, China: Implications for the Ore Genesis
Authors
KeywordsGangue calcite
REE geochemistry
C-O isotope
ore-forming fluid
Huize Pb-Zn deposits
Issue Date2010
PublisherWiley-Blackwell Publishing Asia. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.wiley.com/WileyCDA/WileyTitle/productCd-ACGS.html
Citation
Acta Geologica Sinica (English Edition) , 2010, v. 84 n. 3, p. 597-613 How to Cite?
AbstractThe world-class Huize Pb-Zn deposits of Yunnan province, in southwestern China, located in the center of the Sichuan-Yunnan-Guizhou Pb-Zn polymetallic metallogenic province, has Pb+Zn reserves of more than 5 million tons at Pb+Zn grade of higher than 25% and contains abundant associated metals, such as Ag, Ge, Cd, and Ga. The deposits are hosted in the Lower Carboniferous carbonate strata and the Permian Emeishan basalts which distributed in the northern and southwestern parts of the orefield. Calcite is the only gangue mineral in the primary ores of the deposits and can be classified into three types, namely lumpy, patch and vein calcites in accordance with their occurrence. There is not intercalated contact between calcite and ore minerals and among the three types of calcite, indicating that they are the same ore-forming age with different stages and its forming sequence is from lumpy to patch to vein calcites. This paper presents the rare earth element (REE) and C-O isotopic compositions of calcites in the Huize Pb-Zn deposits. From lumpy to patch to vein calcites, REE contents decrease as LREE/HREE ratios increase. The chondrite-normalized REE patterns of the three types of calcites are characterized by LREE-rich shaped, in which the lumpy calcite shows (La)(N) < (Ce)(N) < (Pr)(N) approximate to (Nd)(N) with Eu/Eu* < 1, the patch calcite has (La)(N) < (Ce)(N) < (Pr)(N) approximate to (Nd)(N) with Eu/Eu* > 1, and the vein calcite displays (La)(N) > (Ce)(N) > (Pr)(N) > (Nd)(N) with Eu/Eu* > 1. The REE geochemistry of the three types of calcite is different from those of the strata of various age and Permian Emeishan basalt exposed in the orefield. The delta 13C(PDB) and delta 18O(SMOW) values of the three types of calcites vary from -3.5 parts per thousand to -2.1 parts per thousand and 16.7 parts per thousand to 18.6 parts per thousand, respectively, falling within a small field between primary mantle and marine carbonate in the delta 13C(PDB) vs delta 18O(SMOW) diagram. Various lines of evidence demonstrate that the three types of calcites in the deposits are produced from the same source with different stages. The ore-forming fluids of the deposits resulted from crustal-mantle mixing processes, in which the mantle-derived fluid components might be formed from degassing of mantle or/and magmatism of the Permian Emeishan basalts, and the crustal fluid was mainly provided by carbonate strata in the orefield. The ore-forming fluids in the deposits were homogenized before mineralization, and the ore-forming environment varied from relatively reducing to oxidizing.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/129150
ISSN
2014 Impact Factor: 1.682

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorHuang, ZL-
dc.contributor.authorLi, XB-
dc.contributor.authorZhou, MF-
dc.contributor.authorLi, WB-
dc.contributor.authorJin, ZG-
dc.date.accessioned2010-12-23T08:33:08Z-
dc.date.available2010-12-23T08:33:08Z-
dc.date.issued2010-
dc.identifier.citationActa Geologica Sinica (English Edition) , 2010, v. 84 n. 3, p. 597-613-
dc.identifier.issn1000-9515-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/129150-
dc.description.abstractThe world-class Huize Pb-Zn deposits of Yunnan province, in southwestern China, located in the center of the Sichuan-Yunnan-Guizhou Pb-Zn polymetallic metallogenic province, has Pb+Zn reserves of more than 5 million tons at Pb+Zn grade of higher than 25% and contains abundant associated metals, such as Ag, Ge, Cd, and Ga. The deposits are hosted in the Lower Carboniferous carbonate strata and the Permian Emeishan basalts which distributed in the northern and southwestern parts of the orefield. Calcite is the only gangue mineral in the primary ores of the deposits and can be classified into three types, namely lumpy, patch and vein calcites in accordance with their occurrence. There is not intercalated contact between calcite and ore minerals and among the three types of calcite, indicating that they are the same ore-forming age with different stages and its forming sequence is from lumpy to patch to vein calcites. This paper presents the rare earth element (REE) and C-O isotopic compositions of calcites in the Huize Pb-Zn deposits. From lumpy to patch to vein calcites, REE contents decrease as LREE/HREE ratios increase. The chondrite-normalized REE patterns of the three types of calcites are characterized by LREE-rich shaped, in which the lumpy calcite shows (La)(N) < (Ce)(N) < (Pr)(N) approximate to (Nd)(N) with Eu/Eu* < 1, the patch calcite has (La)(N) < (Ce)(N) < (Pr)(N) approximate to (Nd)(N) with Eu/Eu* > 1, and the vein calcite displays (La)(N) > (Ce)(N) > (Pr)(N) > (Nd)(N) with Eu/Eu* > 1. The REE geochemistry of the three types of calcite is different from those of the strata of various age and Permian Emeishan basalt exposed in the orefield. The delta 13C(PDB) and delta 18O(SMOW) values of the three types of calcites vary from -3.5 parts per thousand to -2.1 parts per thousand and 16.7 parts per thousand to 18.6 parts per thousand, respectively, falling within a small field between primary mantle and marine carbonate in the delta 13C(PDB) vs delta 18O(SMOW) diagram. Various lines of evidence demonstrate that the three types of calcites in the deposits are produced from the same source with different stages. The ore-forming fluids of the deposits resulted from crustal-mantle mixing processes, in which the mantle-derived fluid components might be formed from degassing of mantle or/and magmatism of the Permian Emeishan basalts, and the crustal fluid was mainly provided by carbonate strata in the orefield. The ore-forming fluids in the deposits were homogenized before mineralization, and the ore-forming environment varied from relatively reducing to oxidizing.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherWiley-Blackwell Publishing Asia. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.wiley.com/WileyCDA/WileyTitle/productCd-ACGS.html -
dc.relation.ispartofActa Geologica Sinica (English Edition) -
dc.rightsPreprint This is the pre-peer reviewed version of the following article: [FULL CITE], which has been published in final form at [Link to final article]. Authors are not required to remove preprints posted prior to acceptance of the submitted version. Postprint This is the accepted version of the following article: [full citation], which has been published in final form at [Link to final article]. -
dc.subjectGangue calcite-
dc.subjectREE geochemistry-
dc.subjectC-O isotope-
dc.subjectore-forming fluid-
dc.subjectHuize Pb-Zn deposits-
dc.titleREE and C-O Isotopic Geochemistry of Calcites from the World-class Huize Pb-Zn Deposits, Yunnan, China: Implications for the Ore Genesis-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.identifier.emailZhou, MF: mfzhou@hkucc.hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authorityZhou, MF=rp00844-
dc.identifier.doi10.1111/j.1755-6724.2010.00144.x-
dc.identifier.hkuros177770-
dc.identifier.volume84-
dc.identifier.issue3-
dc.identifier.spage597-
dc.identifier.epage613-
dc.publisher.placeAustralia-

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